Introduction and Alignment
In social work, the use of qualitative research methods often involves interviewing participants. As discussed in Workshop Six, interviews are good to use when you want to learn or explore more about a particular subject, especially if there is little known about that subject. As with all research methods, however, interviews have advantages and disadvantages. Some advantages include learning about a subject or topic in more detail and gaining an “insider’s” perspective. Disadvantages can include bias, the issue of social desirability, the amount of time interviews take, and others.
Social workers do not often use other forms of qualitative research, such as participant observation, archival, phenomenology, conversation analysis, and the like. However, some studies use a sort of shortened version of some of those methods.
In this discussion, you will explore the pros and cons of the qualitative interview method. You also will apply the findings of a qualitative research study about Iranian wives involved in an individual and group educational program to social work practice and theory. The participants were interviewed, and the interviews were analyzed using content analysis—a broad concept of applying commonly accepted methods of categorizing and analyzing people’s words.
• Article: Empowering newly married women in Iran: A new method of social work intervention that uses a client-directed problem-solving model in both group and individual sessions: https://tinyurl.com/yahc5s8n
In this discussion assignment, you will read a scholarly qualitative research article about an intervention with newly married Iranian women. Along with interviewing the participants, other forms of textual data were collected. This data was analyzed using content analysis. Content analysis is described in one of the optional media lessons, so you are encouraged to review the lesson on “Indirect Methods of Research” to get a sense of what content analysis is and why it is important and meaningful in qualitative research. You will evaluate the research article for issues related to marginalization and oppression of vulnerable populations in connection with a particular context or social work specialization. Doing so will expand your understanding of research and how to apply it to social work practice and theory.
1. Read the article, “Empowering newly married women in Iran: A new method of social work intervention that uses a client-directed problem-solving model in both group and individual sessions,” by Hamidah Addelyan Rasi, Alireza Moula, Antony J. Puddephatt, and Toomas Timpka (2013). SEE THE FILES
2. Answer the following questions in order using the article: “Empowering newly married women in Iran: A new method of social work intervention that uses a client-directed problem-solving model in both group and individual sessions,” and, of course, any relevant resources.
a. Analyze and discuss the research study design and methods used in the article, which include a descriptive field study design and interviews. Include such elements as:
i. What is a descriptive field study design? (Include components and elements of the design, along with any other relevant information to thoroughly describe it.)
ii. What are the pros and cons of this method?
b. What different types of data were collected for the study?
. Analyze and discuss the data that was collected. Was it appropriate? Would some other type of data have made the study or information to analyze better?
c. The authors report that they used content analysis to analyze the data. What is involved in content analysis?
. Did the authors provide a thorough and descriptive enough discussion of how they analyzed the “texts” that were the data collected from the participants? What was missing?
i. What did the authors mean by this statement: “Because meaning is interpreted from the content of textual data attained from real-world settings, our content analysis adhered to a naturalistic paradigm, but focuses primarily on language through a contextual interpretation of the text” (p. 772)?
ii. How did the researchers code the texts (or data)? Do you think they coded them appropriately? Why or why not? How would you know?
The advancement of servitude in the Chesapeake was expected exclusively to the financial needs of white pioneers. Do you concur? History can never satisfactorily give answers with respect to the thought processes of people all through written history; what it can do, in any case, is to give a crystal through which to check the results of their activities. Concerning subjugation, the outcomes of the Southern United States' characteristic association in the act of bondage were genuinely seismic, bringing about the American Civil War and the cementation of the world's most ground-breaking financial and military power. The job of the Chesapeake in this wild household struggle ought not be disparaged – such was the profound situated nature of the district's relationship with servitude. Positively, monetary need has all the earmarks of being at the cutting edge of this verifiable certainty with the rich tobacco and other grain businesses thriving in the South as an immediate consequence of the expanding slave exchange. In fact, as Fogel (2003) underscores, even the slaves themselves could be exchanged among white pioneers for financial benefit. With the end goal of point of view, the accompanying investigation into the improvement of subjugation in the Chesapeake locale must embrace a basic position endeavoring to demonstrate that monetary reasons were in fact the prevailing worldview in the area's advancement of a modern slave exchange while likewise underscoring the unpredictable and assorted nature of the early American slave exchange. Initially, be that as it may, a conceptualisation of the issue must be endeavored. It is imperative to take note of that Chesapeake varied notably from the slave exchanges working in the Georgia Low Country after the main entry of subjugated African specialists in the mid seventeenth century (transported by Dutch vendors to supplant a decreasing European work drive in the North American provinces). Not at all like in other English provinces, the Chesapeake was a region that was colonized for financial reasons with a meager pioneer populace in the days quickly preceding the presentation of subjugation. In like manner, the distinctions inside the Chesapeake itself feature the manner by which the estimations of exchange, benefit, generation and the economy were integral to the beginning of servitude in the area, as Philip Morgan (1998:9) subtleties. "By the late seventeenth century, Virginia had a manor economy looking for a work compel, though South Carolina had a work constrain looking for ranch economy." From the earliest starting point, subsequently, a beneficial interaction started to frame between the deciding financial variables of the white pilgrim networks and the presentation of substantial quantities of slaves into the provinces, with the quantity of African laborers expanding from 13000 to 250000 in the Chesapeake Bay territory somewhere in the range of 1700 and 1770. The way that this extraordinary dimension of African enrollment was joined by a drive to draw in more female captives to the settlements in order to expand the manor populace is declaration to the financial basic at the core of slave improvement in the Chesapeake. On the off chance that servitude were a transitory measure to build populace levels in the territory then the burden of female slaves would not have happened; simply because of the perpetual quality of the financial need for slaves did this wonder happen. Besides, the sheer span of the New World scene required the advancement of captives to try and start to develop the land for monetary creation. After the presentation of rice edits in the 1680's, Boyer (2003:85) gauges that an agriculturist planting 130 sections of land of the harvest would require no less than 65 captives to do as such. With the fast decrease of the white obligated slaves after the turn of the eighteenth century, indisputably the financial requirement for African slaves in the Chesapeake further expanded so the white estate proprietors were totally reliant on slave labor so as to work as practical endeavors, rivaling very beneficial states, for example, the West Indies. Without the slave exchange, the Chesapeake area of America – especially the conditions of Virginia and North Carolina – would never have risen as a noteworthy player in the extending trans‑Atlantic exchange framework. It was not only for financial reasons that slaves were viewed as vital to the ascent of the Chesapeake. Wellbeing goals similarly had an impact in the advancement of subjection amid the early long stretches of the provincial time. The African specialists were vaccinated against the intestinal sickness that accompanied the foreign made rice and grain crops – an infection that rendered white laborers out of date amid the developmental long stretches of the Chesapeake's monetary improvement. Additionally, the hot and damp atmosphere of the Chesapeake was entirely outsider to the white pilgrims from the colder European atmosphere while the African laborers imported to take a shot at the estates were vastly improved outfitted to adapt to the working conditions in the New World, however Oscar and Mary Hadlin (1950:199-222) discredit this guaranteeing it is out of line to reprimand nature for uncouth human establishments. It is additionally imperative to perceive, as Edmund Morgan (2003:314-344) points out, that the slaves were essential for sociological and social reasons, supporting the inflexible class structure that thrived in the southern American states. By removing the requirement for a white common laborers, the captives of the Chesapeake played out the assignment of social dark horses, which was a necessary piece of the monetary ascent of the area as a world exporter. In spite of the various scope of social and sociological elements predominant in the improvement of bondage in the Chesapeake there is no getting away from the pre‑eminence of monetary objectives. To be sure, the assembling of the term 'slave exchange' infers the essentialness of financial issues in all parts of America that enjoyed subjection with the exchange of individuals working pair with the generation of benefits gathered from the rich ranches. As Winthrop Jordan (1976:110-115) subtleties, the hidden preference of the white pilgrims – joining a significant feeling of racial and ethnic prevalence – encouraged the advancement of subjection as a far reaching lifestyle in the Chesapeake. The way that the Chesapeake was eager to do battle with the Yankees for the propagation of the benefits created by the slave exchange demonstrates certain that monetary reasons were the impetus behind the advancement of subjection in the locale. References Boyer, P.S. et al (2003) Enduring Vision: a History of the American People: Fifth Edition New York: Houghton Mifflin Breen, T.H. (Ed.) (1976) Shaping Southern Society: the Colonial Experience Oxford: Oxford University Press Fogel, R.W. (2003) The Slavery Debates, 1952-1990: a Retrospective Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press Morgan, E.S. (2003) American Slavery, American Freedom London: W.W. Norton and Co. Morgan, P.D. (1998) Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth Century Chesapeake and Low Country Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press Chosen Articles Jordan, W. (1976) Unthinking Decision: Enslavement of Negroes in America to 1700, cited in, Breen, T.H. (Ed.) Shaping Southern Society: the Colonial Experience Oxford: Oxford University Press Diaries Hadlin, M.F. what's more, Hadlin, O. (April 1950) Origins of the Southern Labor System, cited in, William and Mary Quarterly, Volume 7, Number 2>GET ANSWER