You have just been hired as a consultant by the Department of Homeland Security to develop some potential ideas for technology to assist with homeland security. You have been tasked to think about problems that exist with communication and interoperability, and potential ways that technology can solve them.
• Relate the benefits of interoperability to terrorism response operations.
• What ideas do you have to improve interoperability and communication?
• To which sector of homeland security might your ideas apply?
• Would you expect your ideas to be easy to implement or impractical in reality?
The Reconstruction Era took after the abolishment of subjection and offered want to reconnect families and end up political, social, and financial equivalents with the white men who once oppressed them. Tragically, this was all false expectation. The freedmen and freedwomen in the South moved toward becoming drawn once more into a bondage by an alternate name kind of subjugation for a similar manor proprietors that once claimed them with no desire for turning into an equivalent. Amid the season of Reconstruction there were three periods of change, presidential, congressional, and radical. Presidential Reconstruction was driven by President Johnson after the death of Abraham Lincoln. Johnson took after a similar Reconstruction Plan that Lincoln had spread out: restore all appropriated property, political rights to all aside from the most astounding positioning Confederate troopers, exculpate the South on all bad behavior, and to readmit states with 10% of its voting public. Congressional Reconstruction started with the approval of the Freedman's Bureau. This department was set up to help and help the freedmen after the war. Congress likewise invalidated the Black Codes which Southern states put into law after the war to confine African American rights and power them to work for low wages and in debt. Although the Black Codes were invalidated, the South made the Jim Crow laws which reenacted a large number of an indistinguishable laws from the Black Codes and didn't authoritatively vanish until the point that the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed. The last period of Reconstruction was the Radical Reconstruction. Amid this time, radicals were chosen into control. Because of this, Union troops were sent into the South to help ensure the freedmen and to help keep the peace. All freedmen could lawfully enlist to vote as the fourteenth Amendment was passed giving African American guys suffrage as it would give them a voice and supply the freedmen with the best chance to battle against the "abusive class-enactment, and in addition against individual persecution". During this Radical Reconstruction, 400 freedmen were chosen into higher office and 16 freedmen were chosen into Congress. Previous slave proprietors wound up maddened by African Americans in political workplaces and subsequently established the Ku Klux Klan and annihilated the Southern GOP coalition. They achieved this by denouncing the carpetbaggers and poor white southerners, of having relations with freedwomen as interracial relations were unlawful as of now and intensely looked down on in the public eye. The previous slave proprietors additionally persuaded the poor white southerners that the freedmen were taking assets from them. Likewise talked them into putting racial needs previously conservative needs when voting. The Ku Klux Klan expanded savagery to debilitate freedmen from voting. Another approach to keep freedmen from voting was by forcing survey charges and by implementing that the voter has to know the State Constitution before they can enlist to vote. The Southern economy was tossed into perplexity before the finish of the way and the previous slave proprietors presently expected to restore a work constrain and the freedmen required employments as the administration neglected to give them a sparing arrangement. This intricacy prompted sharecropping, in which freedmen would lease a place to live from the ranch proprietor and would work for them and consequently the freedmen get the chance to keep a bit of the harvests they grow. This constrained the freedmen and ladies into an endless cycle of obligation as they don't have the cash to pay for lease, their own particular instruments, or for their own particular sustenance; this kept them from acquiring any financial correspondence or opportunity. The Southerners have supported a racial and sexual orientation chain of importance in the South. At the best are the rich white men and the well off white ladies, at that point the poor white men and poor white ladies, and at the base are the dark men and dark ladies. This chain of command keeps a Radical Reconstruction from happening again as the freedmen and freedwomen have taken in their place in southern culture and have no political or monetary power. With the 1876 Presidential Election shutting in, the Republican Presidential hopeful, Rutherford B. Hayes, guaranteed the Democratic House of Representatives to expel the troops in the South. Hayes guaranteed to do this keeping in mind the end goal to win the race with the assistance of the South. He really couldn't have cared less about the South and the freedmen, Hayes thought more about the mechanical upset in the North. This turned into the official end of the Reconstruction Era in the United States. Question 2: From the late 1870's until the mid 1930's there had been a monstrous battle between the ranchers/workers and the enormous organizations of the U.S. Most organizations requested extend periods of time and paid their specialists pennies. The specialists additionally needed to persevere through little confined workspaces overloaded with individuals and machines. Most organizations were messy with smoke filled air and unsanitary conditions. Numerous families made so little that everybody, including kids, needed to work. For instance, at the Hickory Colliery in Pennsylvania, it was exceptionally normal for young men who worked in the mines for $1-$3 seven days, to wind up being obliged to the organization before the month's over as he needed to pay more to get the chance to work than he got paid for the work he really did. Ranchers, the first spine to the economy, were currently helpless before enormous organizations also. They felt as if enterprises were wearing down their benefit as they had no control of bigger necessities they expected to bring home the bacon out of cultivating. Organizations like gear merchants presently controlled thing costs, for example, gatherers and furrows while different organizations like the railways and grain lifts could charge them more to move and store their yields. This caused agriculturists who were at that point owing debtors from the war to lose significantly more cash. The main significant endeavor to sort out specialists on a national scale was the Knights of Labor in 1869. Initially a mystery association made by article of clothing assembly line laborers, the Knights of Labor ended up open to all specialists, which included ladies, African Americans, and agriculturists. The Knights developed gradually until after the enormous railroad strike in 1885 against Jay Gould, when specialists left the activity because of pay cuts. Within multi year, 500,000 more individuals joined. The Knights of work took a political remain as they looked for an eight-hour work day, the disposal of tyke work, better clean conditions, higher wages to coordinate their diligent work, and different changes. The Knights of Labor went to pieces after a brutal occurrence in the Haymarket Square in Chicago. Neighborhood revolutionaries got together for a dissent meeting to talk about the strike at the McCormick Harvester Company, yet before long police appeared to disband the gathering making somebody toss a bomb that slaughtered different policemen.>GET ANSWER