One thing that’s interesting about the book is how it deals with the foreign and the unknown. It’s an English-language novel written by a British man which largely takes place in England, but there’s still a considerable amount of time spent in Eastern Europe, where the main threat originates, whose foremost opponent comes from the Netherlands. There’s also a Texan. It’s a remarkably international fight for what is principally an invasion of England by an evil Transylvanian monster. The woman in the video in the third module page makes mention of the use of the word “teeming” in the book to describe a ripe and unsuspecting England, ready to be sucked dry by Dracula. Johnathan uses the word in this context, “That fearful Count was coming to London . . . with its teeming millions” (Stoker 256), to imply that Dracula would do in London what he has done in Transylvania, perhaps making England just as fearful, dark, and dingy as he perceived Eastern Europe to be.
This fear of foreign invasion, not by a nation, but by a pathogen in the person of Dracula, is the core conflict and motivating force of the book. Dracula is the other in many ways: in his appearance, social status, sexuality, etc. But his foremost distinct attribute, apart from being a vampire, is that he is from the east, or, I guess, he is at least from a place that is east of where all the other characters are from. All the worst aspects of this foreign culture are collected in the person of the Count, who is looking to import them into England by force. He even travels from England in a boat called the “Czarina Catherine” (Stoker 454), which I assume is a reference to the Empress Catherine II of Russia, herself a famously promiscuous and expansionist Eastern European power. It’s notable that none of the non-Eastern European characters are depicted as particularly bad. All of the main crew are shown to be good hearted and valiant, while the only wholly evil characters are the vampires, and perhaps the some of the Romani and Szekely men who serve them. The only character who breaks from this is Renfield, whose most evil impulses are perhaps influenced by the Count.
What do you make of the whole “culture shock” and foreign panic angle of the book? Is Stoker trying to say something about these other cultures?
A recurring theme throughout Dracula is the dangers of modernity. Throughout the novel, our protagonists frequently display modern western ideas and technology which becomes one of their greatest weaknesses against Dracula. The Count is an old-fashioned character (understandably, considering he isn’t mortal) and he uses this to his advantage in the modernized London. Jonathan notes early in the novel that Dracula said of Carfax, “I myself am of an old family, and to live in a new house would kill me. A house cannot be made habitable in a day, and after all, how few days go to make up a century” (Stoker 19). This statement shows readers early how Dracula has a distaste for modernity, although we may not know why yet. This also hints towards Dracula’s age as he comments on how short a century seems. Of course, this does give him power over the protagonists as most of the characters are modernized. Mina and Lucy often mention the “New Woman”, Jonathan and Mina are learning shorthand to help with Jonathan’s profession, and Dr. Seward himself records journal entries on phonograph cylinders. We also learn early in the novel that Dr. Seward values Western medical ideas. It is only when Van Helsing steps in with an open mind that our progressive characters start to consider taking action regarding Dracula that differs from the western standard. When Van Helsing gives Lucy the garlic to protect her, Dr. Seward notes, “We went into the room, taking the fowers with us. The Professor’s actions were certainly odd and not to be found in any pharmacopeia that I ever heard of” (Stoker 113). This proves Dr. Seward to be a man with great faith in modern medicine, but little consideration for culture or traditional beliefs which play a great role in Lucy’s healing process. The Victorian Era was amidst a time of developments in medicine and mindset that Dr. Seward clearly shows interest in. Because this novel was set in a time of transition into progression, the characters face more trial in terms of history and Dracula’s old-fashioned ways than they would have without the great role modernity played.
Question: Do you feel that the message this theme sends is true? Do you think that Stoker was right in believing that modernization is dangerous and history will repeat itself?
The goal of the work embraced was comprised two separate tests, pipe flood and water pound. These are both caused by a diminishment in the stream rate inside a pipe. They are two elective dispersals of the motor vitality of the liquid into another type of vitality - weight on account of the water sledge, and potential vitality on account of the flood shaft. The flood shaft is a gadget utilized as a method for maintaining a strategic distance from weight floods which go with the water pound impact, by permitting the liquid up a pole close to the valve, along these lines retaining the weight applied by the liquid on the valve and the pipe. The point of these two investigations was to contrast the outcomes and the hypothesis got from Newton's Second Law of Motion. Presentation Pipe Surge Water pipelines and appropriation frameworks are subjected to floods every day, which after some time can make harm gear and the pipeline itself. Floods are caused by sudden changes in stream speed that outcome from regular causes, for example, fast valve conclusion, pump begins and stops, and ill-advised filling rehearses. Pipelines regularly observe their first flood amid filling when the air being removed from a pipeline quickly escapes through a manual vent or a throttled valve took after by the water. Being ordinarily denser than air, water takes after the air to the outlet at a high speed, however its speed is confined by the outlet in this way causing a flood. It is basic that the filling stream rate be painstakingly controlled and the air vented through legitimately estimated programmed air valves. Essentially, line valves must be shut and opened gradually to anticipate fast changes in stream rate. The activity of pumps and sudden stoppage of pumps because of intensity disappointments likely have the most incessant effect on the framework and the best potential to cause critical floods. On the off chance that the pumping framework isn't controlled or secured, sullying and harm to gear and the pipeline itself can be not kidding. The impacts of floods can be as minor as slackening of pipe joints to as extreme as harm to pumps, valves, and solid structures. Harmed pipe joints and vacuum conditions can make sullying the framework from ground water and reverse circumstances. Uncontrolled floods can be cataclysmic too. Line breaks can cause flooding and line moving can make harm underpins and even solid docks and vaults. Misfortunes can be in the a large number of dollars so it is fundamental that floods be comprehended and controlled with the best possible gear. Water Hammer Water pound is the arrangement of weight waves as the aftereffect of a sudden change in fluid speed in a funneling framework. Water pound for the most part happens when a liquid stream begin or stops rapidly or is compelled to roll out a quick improvement in bearing. Speedy shutting of valves and stoppage of pump can make water pound. Valve shutting in 1.5s or less relying on the valve size and framework conditions causes an unexpected stoppage of the moderate. Since fluid isn't compressible, any vitality that is connected to is immediately transmitted. The weight waves made at quick valve conclusion can achieve five times the framework's working weight. If not considered for, this weight heartbeat will quickly quicken to the speed of sound in fluid, which can surpass 1200 m/s, causing burst of the pipeline and draw causing and additionally crack in the pipe fittings. Therefore, it is basic to comprehend under what conditions these weight waves are delivered and diminish the weight ascend however much as could reasonably be expected in a channeling framework. Hazard evaluation In trial work there are constantly a few dangers to everybody in the lab, consequently a wellbeing and security preparation before initiating the labs. These will mindful individuals to the potential dangers and the fitting strides to lessen the probability of mishaps. Along these lines it is critical to take after the guidance of the staff overseeing consistently and utilize the security hardware gave. There are distinctive peril around in the lab, distinguishing them is imperative. There are individuals doing different tests in the meantime in the lab, ensure what the most noticeably awful circumstance can occur with it. In this way knowing where is the nearest fire exit is critical, or the short course to get out the assemble. Ensuring there are not wire on the floor, incase individuals fell over it. Ensure that every one of the types of gear going to be utilized are protected. Interfacing the types of gear effectively to anticipate hamper. Ensure that the heap isn't too overwhelming to left. When stacking the gear, be cautious it may fell on to somebody's toe. Know about anything got into the gear When leaving the lab ensure things are set back to the first place, and all types of gear are turned off. There are approaches to avert it happen. Ensure you know the danger of the analysis. Request that others help to set up, if not certain what the hardware does. Try not to leave anything unattended. Not lift anything substantial alone or with hardware's assistance. Wear PPE Philosophy Pipe Surge The hardware is set up as demonstrated Figure 4 - 1, where the head misfortune can be estimated. The static head (hs) is recorded through the level on the flood shaft when there is no stream, this will be the datum level all through the examination. At that point modifying the entryway valve and supply control valve, so that there is a relentless of water streaming into the sump tank, where the new perusing in the flood shaft is the speed head (hv). At that point the door valve is close and sit tight for the motions to stop, once it is ceased the lever is opened to worked entryway valve and the water level should drop back to a similar incentive for the speed head. The estimation of hs and hv are utilized to compute the head misfortune because of grinding which is hs - hv = hf. The stream rate will be required by shutting the landfill tank to discover the amount of water in the tank in 60 seconds. Additional perusing ought to be taken for better precision. The stream rate ought not be changed for whatever is left of the trial. The greatest and least flood statures are measure by the motions and the time between the door valves is immediately shut. A similar technique is rehashed yet the time taken between the floods passing the datum point is estimated. Water Hammer: Take after the Appendix 8 - 1 to set the gear up. Where the water pound stream control valve ought to be completely open and the flood shaft valve is completely shut, at that point the estimation of the volumetric stream rate will be taken and hence ascertain the stream speed. The volumetric stream rate can be measure utilizing an indistinguishable technique from Pipe Surge. At that point the quick acting valve is discharge to stop the stream of water momentarily causing a weight heartbeat to movement here and there the pipe. This is quick terminations which mean conclusion under 2L/c, i.e. the valve is shut before a reflected wave achieves the valve once more, as this will give us a similar weight ascend as a prompt conclusion. These heartbeats are caught on the oscilloscope where we record the normal plentifulness, time base and the length of the beat. The time slacks between the two weight transducers are likewise recorded. For the second 50% of this examination, the oscilloscope setting is changed with the goal that the time base setting is expanded to 25ms/div. When it is set up, a similar methodology will be rehashed as previously. The quick acting valve is discharge and records the normal plentifulness esteem and length of the beat for the follows that are on the oscilloscope. Talk When contrasting the qualities picked up tentatively with the qualities anticipated from the conditions, classified in table 6 - 1, it can be watched that the anticipated stream rates and the time of swaying are both very comparative with their trial esteems. The explanation behind the slight contrast in stream rates is halfway because of the way that the condition that we expected to use to discover the stream rate had two obscure qualities in it, Q and hf. The condition that we utilized was: The exploratory estimation of frictional head misfortune is utilized so that the anticipated stream rate can be ascertained. The trial estimation of Q is utilized for ascertaining the hypothetical incentive for frictional head misfortune by substituting this incentive in to the condition Anyway this esteem would have amassed more blunders and consequently the esteem would be further far from the test esteem. From Figure 6 - 1 the day and age is around 8 seconds can be watched, though the anticipated esteem is 7.5705 seconds. The inconsistency between the two numbers is well on the way to be because of human mistake, when timing the purposes of max and min flood and furthermore when the flood crosses the datum a period factor should be mulled over for the time taken between the individual saying when to stop the clock and the other individual really squeezing the catch. This time postponement could without much of a stretch clarify the half second distinction between the two qualities. When looking at the contrast between the test and anticipated qualities for most extreme flood stature, the main anticipated esteem is gigantically unique to the genuine esteem accomplished. The explanation behind this is on account of the condition gives the maximum flood from the static head expecting that there are no misfortunes because of rubbing, in this manner the condition should be change in accordance with contemplate of the impacts of contact. This goes about as a revision factor. The motivation behind why it should be utilize, on the grounds that the underlying head misfortune which is because of erosion, this is the distinction between the static head and the speed head which is much lower than the static head consequently the underlying max plentifulness ought to be taken away. All through the impacts of grating is vital as managing a little bore framework while as a general rule flood shafts have measurements in meters. The impacts of rubbing can be expected insignificant, as long as the underlying head at the valve is accept the same as at the supply. Anyway in the stream frictional misfortunes are moderately vast, this can be found in the way that there is>GET ANSWER