Accounting question

Eastern Manufacturing is involved with several situations that possibly involve contingencies. Each is described below. Eastern’s fiscal year ends December 31, and the 2021 financial statements are issued on March 15, 2022.

a.Eastern is involved in a lawsuit resulting from a dispute with a supplier. On February 3, 2022, judgment was rendered against Eastern in the amount of $116 million plus interest, a total of $131 million. Eastern plans to appeal the judgment and is unable to predict its outcome though it is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the company.
b.In November 2020, the State of Nevada filed suit against Eastern, seeking civil penalties and injunctive relief for violations of environmental laws regulating hazardous waste. On January 12, 2022, Eastern reached a settlement with state authorities. Based upon discussions with legal counsel, the Company feels it is probable that $149 million will be required to cover the cost of violations. Eastern believes that the ultimate settlement of this claim will not have a material adverse effect on the company.
c.Eastern is the plaintiff in a $209 million lawsuit filed against United Steel for damages due to lost profits from rejected contracts and for unpaid receivables. The case is in final appeal and legal counsel advises that it is probable that Eastern will prevail and be awarded $150 million.
d.At March 15, 2022, Eastern knows a competitor has threatened litigation due to patent infringement. The competitor has not yet filed a lawsuit. Management believes a lawsuit is reasonably possible, and if a lawsuit is filed, management believes damages of up to $42 million are reasonably possible.

Required:

  1. Determine the appropriate way to report each situation.
  2. Prepare the appropriate journal entries for these situations.

Sample Solution

ACED ESSAYS