With reference to contemporary research studies, critically highlight the advantages and disadvantages of qualitative methodology to public health research.
When a satellite points at a celestial object, such as a binary star system (a pair of stars that orbit each other), the spacecraft’s camera records the photons – the packets of energy – that have been traveling for billions (or trillions or more) of miles and transmits them back to Earth via NASA’s Deep Space network, encoded in the form of 1’s and 0’s (binary code). Scientists then use specialized astronomical software to translate the binary code into a table that plots the time, energy, and position of each photon that struck the detector during the observation. The data are then further processed with scientific software to form the visual representation of the object. From observation of light, to communication of the recorded data, to transformation of that information into various outputs, people are involved in each step of the creation. (Arcand, Watzke, Rector, Levay, DePasquale, & Smarr, 2013) Ultimately, the specialists in that pipeline of data processing convert the raw data into an image, removing potential artifacts from the data, smoothing the data if necessary, selecting the field of view, scaling the image, compositing as needed, and adding color to it (Rector, Levay, Frattare, Arcand, & Watzke, 2017). The choices made by specialists during that translation process are most often done to preserve the scientific information encapsulated in the data, and are often targeted toward a particular audience (Arcand et al., 2013). That audience can consist of experts or non-experts, including subgroups from citizen scientists and science-interested publics, to educators or mediators (ranging from evaluators to science media creators), to various members of the media and other non-experts (ref new NASA VWG whitepaper when done). Considering the audience during the data production pipeline is an important step, as discussed in the next section. Not Just What, But Also How:>GET ANSWER