Assignment 1 Grobsteins:
Avery and Alma Grobstein wanted a child for years, but Avery proved infertile. Artificial insemination of Alma also proved unsuccessful because her uterus is unable to maintain a fertilized ovum. A year ago they consulted Dr. Lopez, a specialist in the treatment of infertility. He suggested in vitro insemination of Alma’s ovum, which could be implanted in the womb of a surrogate mother. The Grobsteins agreed, and Dr. Lopez arranged to have fertile sperm delivered from Nobel Labs Incorporated for impregnation of one of Alma’s ova, which he had surgically removed from her. He then implanted fertilized ovum in the uterus of Ms. Alice Wonderful, a healthy 25 year old single woman who was provided to Dr. Lopez be Motherhood Incorporated, a surrogate mother brokering firm. The Grobsteins agreed to the selection of Ms. Wonderful, whom they never met, and they agreed to pay Dr. Lopez his fee of $50,000, and Motherhood, Inc. their fee of $150,000, which included all legal and medical expenses of carrying the child to term. The Grobsteins agreed to adopt the child at birth, and Motherhood, Inc. agreed to hold the $150,000 in escrow until the adoption was complete.
One month ago the child, Alfred, was born with some serious problems. He is likely to be mildly developmentally disabled as a consequence of an automobile accident that Ms. Wonderful suffered during the eighth month of pregnancy, in which Alfred’s skull was partially crushed in utero. The automobile accident was the result of Ms. Wonderful’s negligence in going through a red light. In addition, the child is likely to develop mottled, discolored teeth as a consequence of the administration to Ms. Wonderful of tetracycline in the emergency room after the accident. Discolored teeth is a well known consequence of the use of that antibiotic in pregnant women. Finally, the infant suffers from Von Willebrand disease, which is similar to hemophilia, apparently the result of a genetic defect in the biological father. The defect could have been discovered before impregnation, but only through an analysis of the father. That analysis was not undertaken because the sperm, according to Nobel Inc., came from a very healthy, very smart man.
The Grobsteins have refused to adopt Alfred, and they have demanded a refund of the $150,000 from Motherhood, Inc.’s escrow agent. Motherhood, Inc. demands the $150,000. Ms. Wonderful is willing to keep Alfred as long as the Grobsteins pay support, which they refuse to do. Ms. Wonderful is threatening a maternity action against Alma and a contract action against Avery.
Who has rights against whom? Please include the causes of action and your analysis of the chances for success in each action.
Assignment 2 Dr. Dumpo
Sam had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and his doctor, Dr. Dumpo, recommended treatment with the Intermittent Positive Pressure Breathing ventilator (IPPB). Sam had severe side effects from the treatment and died. Dr. Dumpo used the IPPB ventilator properly, but an alternative device, the nebulizer, is cheaper and safer that IPPB for all IPPB used. Despite this, IPPB is still reimbursed by most third party payers and continues to be used by some physicians in the hospital setting for obstructive pulmonary disease.
Your research uncovers the following information about IPPB. Intermittent Positive Pressure Breathing is a technology that diffuses into use in spite of evidence that it did not work. Research studies have confirmed that it is no better than the cheaper and less dangerous nebulizer. While its use has declined, it has not disappeared and reimbursement is still available for its use from Medicare and private insurers. Doctors continue to use such technology in the face of clear evidence and authoritative declarations that it is both ineffective and dangerous. The reasons may include habit; clinical impressions that it gives patients short-term relief; and financial benefits to physicians. The medical director of the respiratory therapy department, the primary source of service orders, often receives a cut of the department’s income. As long as third party payors still pay for IPPB, cash will flow for its use.
Sam’s family knows that you are taking a legal course at TWU and has asked your advice on the merits of a lawsuit against Dr. Dumpo. What are their options? What defenses will Dr. Dumpo raise if suit is filed? Please provide the family with a memo detailing the above as well as your assessment of their chances of success.
Assignment 3: Dr. Age
You are the administrator of Hapless Hospital. Dr. Will Age, a physician specializing in gerontology, is a member of the medical staff at Hapless. Dr. Age regularly examines and treats elderly patients and has come to you for advice. One of his patients, Harry Glint, 86 years old, has a mild neurological disorder that causes blurred or double vision at times. Harry complains that his double vision is worse when he drives at night, when, he says, “the middle line becomes double and I have trouble staying on my side of the road.” The problem is not treatable and it will worsen over time (although changes in prescription of eyeglasses may reduce the problem at times).
Dr. Age has strongly admonished Mr. Glint never to drive at night, and to stop driving during the day as soon as possible. Mr. Glint is adamant about the importance of his driving, which he says not only keeps him young and active, but also allows him to continue to live alone and care for himself.
Dr. Age is worried about potential liability if Mr. Glint has a car accident which injures others. He knows that aside from your management expertise, that you are taking a legal course at TWU.
What are Dr. Age’s liability risks, and what steps, if any, can he take to minimize them?
Advanced LEADERSHIP Presentation The world is advancing because of dynamic and key changes in nature, this progressions comes because of advancement of new innovation. Association needs to adjust these progressions into their business so as to increase upper hand which likewise leads new administration challenges. In a progressively advanced condition administration should be increasingly decentralized and utilize aggregate ability and insight in the organization. ''Agreeing Wilson et al (2004) computerized pioneers can be characterized practically by their commitment to the change towards a learning society.'' There are sorts of advanced pioneers, for example, operational, asset preparation, basic and mindfulness pioneer. Operational pioneers are the place heads in an organization or government establishment dispense and control the delicate and hard foundation which are indispensable to the learning of society. Mindfulness pioneers convince number of individuals to belittle new IT framework as asset so as to enable them to accomplish their set goals. Asset assembly pioneers influence organizations to get and use important asset to expand the utilization of ICT all the more broadly whether with high political help or cash. Basic pioneers are prominent pioneers who utilize their capacity to influence assemblies about moving towards another sort of conveyed computerized society and that data goals isn't just about the utilization of ICT apparatuses. Aptitudes, ABILITIES AND Behaviors OF DIGITAL LEADERS As the world continues changing, advanced development additionally change and not static. Because of this, pioneers in different organizations or associations must need a blend of administration abilities to have the option to deal with the exercises of the organization adequately and proficiently. There are problematic changes in advanced education, for example, the nursing schools which has had an incredible effect in the social insurance workplace, because of this, fruitful pioneers must have particular kinds of abilities, for example, nimbleness, between polished skill, class and solid limit with respect to key genuinely shrewd correspondence (Thompson et al 2018). These abilities when executed in a working environment or school condition will help give better and progressively straightforward correspondence at all degrees of the association. Deftness Administration dexterity is the capacity to embrace viable activity in complex issues in quick unique conditions. Joiner et al (2006) surveyed four kinds of traits that make up dexterity which incorporates: Partner deftness: manages how pioneers see the perspective held by different partners and how completely they build up significant arrangement with them. Inventive spryness: manages abilities expected to take care of abnormal and complex issues setting deftness: manages how a pioneer select and structure applicable activities, for example, knowing one's objective as a pioneer together with vision or crucial an association empowers the person in question to choose alternative that is in accordance with the school or association strategic vision. self-initiative: bargains how effectively pioneers gain from their encounters. INTERPROFESSIONAL LEARDERSHIP This arrangements with aptitudes that pioneers in the social insurance must secure so as to convey ideal and improved to patients by working together, learning and sharing new abilities. Colleges and other higher instructive foundations (medicinal schools) are currently of the intend to prepare graduates to satisfy needs of society by outfitting them with information and abilities that can add to upgrade the states of individuals. For instance University of Alabama at Birmingham has executed initiative institute in the institute of medication to help improvement in key reasoning abilities, concentrating on circumstances and difficulties confronting the Alabama medicinal services focus. (Savage et al 2014) Class Lately incivility has be on the ascent in the workplace which has prompted an expansion in expense to organizations and people. As indicated by Anderson and Pearson (1999) affability is a type of conduct which establish the demonstration of indicating respectfulness, regard and respect to others in the workplace. Incivility brings about decrease in occupation execution prompting high worker turnover and causes client disappointment. (Porath et al 2015) An administration specialist and a wellbeing specialist, Michael wood (2010) demonstrated a case that common initiative is significant for the present consideration condition which is unpleasant, troublesome, entangled and requesting. In any case, if these are knowledgeable about advanced education which brought about by new plan of action, quick mechanical changes and limitation to access of assets, scholastic medical attendants will encounter a work place which is dangerous, unpleasant and exposed to incivility. It's the duty of a computerized pioneer to set a standard of conduct that is anticipated from individuals in the workplace that will energize positive conduct. This should be possible by setting up basic beliefs for nursing institute which fuse minding and sympathy in the workplace. Key COMMUNICATION Changes in the workplace because of the computerized world interest for pioneers who are skilful communicators. As per Jones et al (2013), correspondence methodology gives a structure that contains the targets and methodologies for correspondence to guarantee data contact the perfect individuals in a correct manner. In the advanced word thought has been set on substance clearness and one's own enthusiastic insight which are the two basic administration abilities, these are not quite the same as the past where data was hold unto without conveying it to individuals. COMMUNICTION CLARITY AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE Lucidity of data encourages individuals to comprehend and receive approaches to execute change. Lucidity gives clarification of winning conditions that diminishes vulnerabilities, because of this a pioneer must have the option to clarify the components that causes difficulties. For instance, give a comprehension of how decrease in spending will have on association or school and the individuals inside the association. This will guarantee straightforward correspondence among individuals inside work or school condition. The capacity of a pioneer to make realize the difficulties confronting the association will help increment their validity when taking choices in troublesome circumstances. Improvement of passionate insight is extraordinary compared to other angle for a fruitful initiative. ''Enthusiastic insight is the capacity to perceive and consider one's feeling and the feelings of others in associations'' (Coleman 1995). Making individuals inside an association mindful of this encourages them to control their very own conduct through relational cooperation prompting positive outcomes and anticipate clashes. Pioneers who can check their own and others feelings help them to recognize troublesome circumstances to set them in a place where they have more noteworthy capacity to determine distressing circumstances and clashes. End This report gives the understanding that the world is changing which expects pioneers to secure new abilities that will empower them deal with an association or school in the computerized time. A portion of the abilities that is required especially running a nursing foundation are readiness, class, interprofessional, vital correspondence (lucidity and passionate knowledge). REFERENCES Wilson III, E.J., Goethals, G.R., Sorenson, G. what's more, Burns, J.M., 2004. Administration in the advanced age. Reference book of administration, 1, p.4. Thompson, S.A. what's more, Miller, K.L., 2018. Problematic patterns in advanced education: Leadership abilities for effective pioneers. Diary of Professional Nursing, 34(2), pp.92-96. Joiner, W.B. also, Josephs, S.A., 2006. Authority deftness: Five degrees of dominance for foreseeing and starting change (Vol. 307). John Wiley and Sons. Savage, G.T., Duncan, W.J., Knowles, K.L., Nelson, K., Rogers, D.A. also, Kennedy, K.N., 2014. Interprofessional scholastic wellbeing focus administration improvement: the instance of the University of Alabama at Birmingham's Healthcare Leadership Academy. Applied Nursing Research, 27(2), pp.104-108. Porath, C., Gerbasi, An., and Schorch, S. (2015). The impacts of politeness on counsel, administration and execution. Diary of Applied Psychology,100(5), 1527–541. Jones, K., Baker, P., Doyle, J., Armstrong, R., Pettman, T., and Waters, E. (2013). Expanding the utility of deliberate surveys discoveries through key correspondence. Diary of Public Health,35(2), 345–349.>GET ANSWER