Describe and discuss the impact of The Age of Alexander on the Visual Arts and Architecture of Hellenistic Greece. Be sure to reference at least one specific example (primary source) of a work of art, to illustrate your conclusions. You must discuss, in detail, the historical context of the art you chose. Your paper must be between 750-1250 original words in length and in MLA format. Feel free to add any images to the paper but remember to add a caption. It should have at least 3 sources.
Does Poverty exist in contemporary Britain? The response to this inquiry depends to an expansive degree on how neediness is characterized and estimated. It is, in the same way as other sociological issues, a 'basically challenged idea' and accordingly, there has been much discussion around what precisely comprises destitution. Nonetheless, notwithstanding tolerating that neediness itself signifies diverse things to various individuals, it can even now be contended that destitution or in fact 'poverties' are a genuine issue in Britain today which should be tended to by government and society with the end goal to upgrade correspondence in our general public. In what manner would it be advisable for us to characterize neediness? It is valuable right off the bat to allude to some generally utilized definitions. Charles Booth writing in 1889 was one of the first to investigate the zone of destitution when he distributed a work demonstrating that 33% of Londoners were living in critical neediness. By 'destitution' he was alluding to an 'absence of fundamental prerequisites to maintain a physically sound presence [and] adequate sustenance and safe house to make conceivable the physically proficient working of the body' (refered to in Giddens, 2001, p236). This is alluded to as subsistence destitution actually not having the way to survive. Benjamin Rowntree alluded to essential neediness and optional destitution. By essential neediness he implied the individuals who were not able bear the cost of a bushel of necessities for 'just physical productivity'. Auxiliary destitution alluded to the individuals who had more pay than those living in essential neediness however who still endured destitution ways of life. (refered to Flaherty et al 2004, p16) Another broadly cited meaning of neediness is Townsend's. In 1979 he expressed, 'People, families and gatherings in the populace can be said to be in neediness when they do not have the assets to get the kinds of eating regimen, partake in the exercises and have the living conditions and luxuries which are standard, or are in any event broadly perceived or affirmed, social orders to which they have a place. Their assets are so truly beneath those instructed by the normal individual or family that they are basically, avoided from standard living examples, traditions and exercises' (refered to Flaherty et al, 2004, p17). While the World Bank portrayed neediness as 'the failure to accomplish a negligible way of life', the UN characterizes destitution as pursues: 'Destitution has different signs including absence of salary and gainful assets to guarantee reasonable vocations; craving and ailing health; sick wellbeing; restricted or absence of access to instruction and other fundamental administrations; expanded grimness and mortality from ailment; vagrancy and deficient lodging; perilous conditions and social segregation and prohibition. It is additionally portrayed by absence of cooperation in basic leadership and in common, social and social life. It happens in all nations: as mass neediness in many creating nations, pockets of destitution in the midst of riches in created nations, loss of vocations because of monetary subsidence, sudden neediness because of debacle or struggle, the destitution y of low-wage specialists, and the articulate desperation of individuals who fall outside family emotionally supportive networks, establishments and wellbeing nets' (Flaherty et al 2004, p13). From this scope of definitions can be seen the distinction among outright and relative destitution. Total destitution depends on the thought of subsistence which in itself is characterized as the base sum expected to support life. As Alcock calls attention to notwithstanding, it is an inconsistency to state somebody is living underneath subsistence levels since, by what means can those without enough to live on, live? (1997, p68) The appropriate response obviously is that they don't or possibly not for long. Conversely relative destitution is, in Alcock's words, 'a more emotional or social standard' (1997, p69). This is the neediness which Townsend alludes to where destitution and hardship are made a decision with regards to the general public in which an individual lives. Townsend additionally took a gander at neediness as far as how it influenced a person's capacity to take part in social exercises. From this the idea of social prohibition was created and meanings of destitution expanded to incorporate different sorts of hardship. Townsend built up a hardship list dependent on things which he saw as important to the entire of society and utilized these alongside salary levels to quantify hardship. In any case, there are a few challenges with this methodology. For instance as Baldock et al call attention to, where one of the hardship pointers was not eating cooked suppers, a few people may like to eat servings of mixed greens and sandwiches from decision. (Baldock et al 2003, p119) Therefore it is hard to separate where in a few examples individuals may be without what Townsend viewed as a need. Mack and Lansley additionally built up Townsend's work by concocting a 'consensual methodology top destitution.' They asked respondents what they considered as necessities and from this input they quantified neediness which they characterized essentially as 'an implemented absence of socially seen necessities' (refered to in Baldock et al p119). By alluding to 'socially seen necessities' they abstained from making judgements on what comprised necessities. The troubles with subsistence ways to deal with neediness is that it is inescapable that sooner or later a subjective choice should be made about what precisely is required for subsistence. Then again, the issue with the overall proportion of destitution is that where a general public may have a little area of to a great degree well off individuals, the level of what is viewed as neediness moderately might be falsely high. For our motivations, it is less demanding to work with Sen's affirmation that 'if there is starvation and craving at that point, regardless of what the relative picture looks like there unmistakably is neediness' (refered to Flaherty et al 2004, p17). Anyway it is estimated, unmistakably destitution exists and is notwithstanding turning into a more intense issue in contemporary Britain. Flaherty et al refer to measurements which uncover that somewhere in the range of 1979 and 2001/2 the quantities of individuals living in families with beneath 60% of the middle salary subsequent to lodging costs ascended from 7.1 million to 12.5 million, that is, from 13% of the populace to 22% of the populace (2004, p31). Almost 33% of kids in the UK live in destitution and this figure is much higher in Northern Ireland. In March 2003, 7.6 million British individuals were living on the wellbeing net of advantages of pay bolster or the jobseeker's stipend. By the mid nineties, Britain's kid neediness rates were third just to the USA and Russia (2004, p69). The measure used to decide destitution by the British government depends on the Household Below Average Income Statistics. The HBAI takes a gander at information along various pay edges. The 60% of middle wage in the wake of lodging costs, balanced for family estimate, is an estimation instrument utilized as an intermediary for money destitution. As Flaherty et al state, 'it is an expressly 'relative' measure which takes a gander at how individuals at the base of the wage circulation have fared in connection to the middle' (2004, p31). And in addition being utilized by the British government, it is additionally the feature marker utilized by the European association to decide the individuals who are in danger of destitution. In spite of the fact that the destitution we allude to here is generally to do with salary and having the fundamental necessities in life-the term neediness is likewise used to depict individuals who are passing up components of public activity which might be viewed as critical by others. For instance, social neediness or instructive destitution. While instruction is acknowledged as an essential human right, not having a training does not really imply that a man can't carry on with a sound and cheerful life, though not having sustenance and warmth does. These poverties may be all the more suitably depicted as far as social prohibition. Blakemore features the contrasts between social avoidance and destitution. Right off the bat, social rejection centers around connections to society instead of material assets. Furthermore social avoidance regularly alludes to prohibition from instructive chances or from the work advertise. Thirdly, solutions for social avoidance are not quite the same as those for neediness (2003, p85) What sort of individuals are in danger from destitution? While it would appear to be normal to expect that jobless individuals would be most in danger, this isn't the situation. Bilton et al (2002) diagram which bunches o individuals will probably endure neediness and state, 'it is individuals in low-paid, uncertain work who establish the greater part of those beneath the pay destitution line.' The second biggest gathering of individuals prone to endure neediness are the elderly. 'since future has expanded, before retirement has turned out to be more typical and state benefits have lessened in genuine terms, the elderly involve an ever bigger area of poor people. Unequal life chances proceed through seniority.' Another gathering in danger are solitary parent families and albeit less normal, substantial families. Moreover the individuals who are wiped out or crippled are additionally more helpless against poverty(Bilton et al 2002, pp78-79). Millar contended in 1993 that three components have added to the development of destitution: a noteworthy level of joblessness; the expansion in low-paid work; the development of 'tricky' or 'adaptable' business (refered to Bilton, 2002, p79). Such business designs will in general enhance benefit and lift the economy however the drawback is that powerless specialists particularly in incompetent occupations, are inadequate in employer stability and every one of the advantages that brings. Another inquiry which must be asked is whether it is conceivable to escape destitution. This relies upon social versatility which Giddens characterizes as 'the developments of people and gatherings between various financial positions' (2001, p229). The proof appears to propose that while those most in danger of neediness might probably dependably be defenseless against extraordinary destitution, numerous individuals endure standard times of here and now destitution. As Jenkins et al detail>GET ANSWER