Question 12 pts
1) Although the Fifteenth Amendment prohibited the use of race as a qualification for voting, southern states during the Jim Crow era still found ways to prevent African-Americans from voting by drafting laws that required voters to read and write, or pay a poll tax.
Group of answer choices



Flag question: Question 2
Question 22 pts
2) Identify the best definition for Social Darwinism – a philosophy many corporate industrial leaders used during the Gilded Age:
Group of answer choices

Religious groups should defend the rights of the poor in cities and enlist government assistance in doing so

Western lands should be granted to European immigrants at low cost

Laws of evolutionary progress could be applied to human society and were explained by the phrase “survival of the fittest.”

Society developed according to fixed biblical principles, primarily defined by the law of no change

Flag question: Question 3
Question 32 pts
3) Populists refused to support the creation of labor unions and opposed government interference in the economy.
Group of answer choices



Flag question: Question 4
Question 42 pts
4) The idea of the Lost Cause was a romanticized view of the causes of the Civil War and the realities of the Old South. This myth was perpetuated by many southern leaders, including some churches and religious leaders, and it created a memory of the war that often positioned slavery as a positive good, if it acknowledged it at all.
Group of answer choices


Flag question: Question 5
Question 52 pts
5) Between 1865 and 1900, we defined Lynching as the extra-legal method used by vigilante mobs to intimidate and carry out violence mostly against African Americans accused of various crimes:
Group of answer choices



Flag question: Question 6
Question 62 pts
6) During the 1880s, labor and management clashed as American corporations attempted to control factory work. This organization arose to advocate an 8-hour work day, public safety programs, and sought to address the growing concern over the power of corporations and the gaps between rich and poor.
Group of answer choices

Knights of Labor

Federated Mechanical Workers

Anti-Union League

all of the above
Flag question: Question 7
Question 72 pts
7) Between 1870 and 1900 various agricultural groups evolved to form a political party that advocated for farmers and a more balanced economy supported by federal policies. What was this political party called?
Group of answer choices

Know-Nothing Party



none of the above

Flag question: Question 8
Question 82 pts
8) During the 1880s and ’90s, this newspaper editor from Atlanta advocated a New South ideology, in which he argued that the South should adopt industrial development and agricultural innovation, to pull itself out of poverty, and correct cultural problems:
Group of answer choices

Booker T. Washington

Alfred T. Mahan

Mark Twain

Henry Grady

Flag question: Question 9
Question 92 pts
9) Between 1870 and 1900, while the South witnessed some industrial development, this development did not mirror the scale and type found in the North.
Group of answer choices



Flag question: Question 10
Question 102 pts
10) Between 1870 and 1900, southern industry was largely based on producing finished goods rather than processing raw materials, and it enjoyed the benefits of large capital resources based in the South to help fund these enterprises.
Group of answer choices





Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.