Analyzing Theory and Grand Strategy of the article in the link below

Complete the following instructions.

In a single opening paragraph, briefly summarize the author’s argument. The short abstract provided at the beginning of each article already does this, but do not copy and paste it, since it must flow with the overall tenor of your own style and argument.

In the next section of the essay, offer a concise defense of the argument. Why is it at least plausible? There is always something rationally defensible about a peer-reviewed journal article on American Foreign Policy.

For the remainder of your response, offer a critique of the article. What are the limits, problems, or gaps in the author’s argument? There are limits, problems, or gaps in every argument. You do not have to have answers to the problems you identify, but you must be able to at least develop questions about the claims made by the author.

Write the 3–5-page research-based paper in current Turabian format. Each essay must include 5–7 citations in addition to the course texts and the Bible.

Please use the references below for one of your references:
Textbook: Rising Threats, Enduring Challenges: Readings in U.S. Foreign Policy by Andrew Price-Smith

Other guidelines:

All references to the article itself only require a page number in parentheses referencing the source. If you cite a page number in parentheses (e.g., 64) next to a sentence within the body of the essay, it will imply that you are referencing page 64 of the source.
Any and all quotations must be in the footnotes, not the body of the text.
As part of your analysis, you are welcome to include Christian perspectives or opinions, but these must be integrated in a coherent manner that fits the overall tenor of your analysis.

Things to show you recognize in the essay:

• Recognize US foreign policy theories like realism, liberal internationalism, and constructivism.

• Distinguish the reasons policymakers differ over the purpose and content of US foreign policy.

• Appraise how misperception and misinterpretation of facts impedes proper thought and practice of US foreign policy.

• Contend with the debate about culture and religion as proponents of foreign policy in America and elsewhere.


Understanding: An understanding of the major arguments and the intent of the article is clearly demonstrated

Strengths and weaknesses: The strengths and weaknesses of the article are properly and clearly assessed.

Article effectiveness: The critique clearly concludes with a summary statement on the overall effectiveness of the article.

Personal reflection: Personal reflection on the topic, which includes addressing the student’s main objections or affirmations of the position of the article, is included.

Personal position: A personal position is clearly articulated and appropriate biblical and theological support is integrated in the analysis.

Format: The essay is written in current Turabian format and is free of grammar and spelling errors. The essay is 3–5 pages and includes 5–7 citations in addition to the course textbook and the Bible.

Composition: The summary of the article is clearly and correctly composed.

Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.