Provide one paragraph (75 words minimum) summary of the article’s contents and answer the following questions (each one in a separate paragraph of at least 75 words and type the question first and then answer):
How did Carnegie believe that the conflict between labor and capital could be solved?
What could the wealthy do to mitigate the social unrest during this turbulent period?
According to Carnegie, what were the benefits of capitalism over socialism?
The methods worked out by masters and slaves to provide sustenance was a matter of survival and in some ways a key to successfulness of the sugar plantation organization. The structure of sugar plantation varied according to their size of the estate and therefore the number of slaves used in it was based on the latter. The utilization of large numbers of workers in cane fields and at the mill in shifts levelled out differences in skill, so the ultimate result was a relatively homogeneous labour product, or, as Marx termed it, “labour of an average social quality. The making of sugar was a complex activity, which required a great force of labour however each part of the process was simplified for the individual worker into a set of tasks to be carried out. The series of tasks necessary to make sugar were individually performed, but integrated by the process itself, being “consecutive in time and simultaneous in space and in this aspect, the sugar plantation was seen as the forerunner of the modern factory. Due to the complexity of the production of sugar, division of labour was created as a way of dividing the task by assigning different positions to the slaves. However, men and women were sometimes used in both field and factory but always based on a separation of tasks by sex. Heavier field tasks such as holing, field clearing, wood cutting where mainly done by men, but women worked alongside men at weeding and cane cutting. Other men labour consisted in work in the furnaces, kettles, and teaches lit. While women were engaged in labour of milling house carrying out bagasse, carrying out task in the purging house and claying the pots. As a way of motivating the slaves in doing a good job and also to keep them under control to avoid rebellion Brazil government created this system of incentives or privileges which was then implemented on Bahian plantation slavery. Three were the main privileges identified by historians as such the first one consisted in the use of slaves in skilled occupations and as foremen in the sugar plantation providing an image of possible social mobility. The second one saw masters in giving their slaves a space to grow their own food which in order to diminish the unjust system of food rationing and lastly, the incentive of an eventual freedom through manumission. The early half of the eighteenth century saw the rise of Minas Gerais as the main focus of colonial activity in Brazil. The discovery of gold and diamonds brought the territory an immense profitable colony which was possible due to the fact that sugar economy in the north-eastern part of Brazil was facing a period of a general downfall and was not profitable in the same way it was at the beginning. In response to the continue growth of Minas Gerais the population began to move to settle in this>GET ANSWER