examine the APA Code of Ethics and the Ethical Principles of Psychologist and Code of Conduct articles. Review and select from one of the (4) ethical dilemmas listed below and summarize how this it is a violations to the APA ethics of best practices and discuss the specific codes of violation. Evaluate the ethical violations and address how these issues affect the validity of the assessment outcome with scholarly journal articles.
1.) A parent wants their child in a gifted/accelerated program, he/she offers the psychologist a payoff incentive to ensure that the scores exceed the selection criteria.
2.) The psychologist is bias in custody/divorce cases and offers preferential treatment in their court reports to one parent causing the court to select that parent for primary or sole custody.
3.) A psychologist lives in a rural area and often lacks funding to update the assessment tools used, most inventories are not culturally sensitive or were not developed/standardized/normed for the clients’ dominant language.
4.) A clinician often tests in unsuitable conditions by having clients that are not comfortable with technology or computer assessments, the examiner often conducts testing without breaks or reading the instructions, he/she allows untrained staff to administer tests, and testing rooms are unacceptable i.e. hot/cold/rooms or construction noise outside the building.
Write a 5-7 page essay incorporating the following elements based on your findings:
Discuss the ethical case scenario and applicable qualities that relate to the APA ethical codes.
Write your own critical review on the infractions and your analysis on how to address the problems noted.
Take an affirmative position on whether or not these ethical challenges affect the validity of the case, and if there are additional test biases noted.
Along with the text, and the articles below, use a minimum of one scholarly article to support the issues with validity and outcome data The supporting articles should be accessible through the following Library links.
n strategies began to concentrate on the ‘northern tier’, comprising (Ali, 2001). Joint Communique 1954 On 19 Feburary1954 in a Joint Communiqu??` issued together in Karachi and Ankara; it was declared that Turkey and Pakistan were agreed to adopt the mechanisms of closer cooperation in the political, economic and cultural departments, and they will also put their sincere efforts to develop peace and security between each other not only in their own interest but also in the interest of all peace loving nations. (Burke, 1973) That contents of that Turku-Pakistan communiqu?? of February 1954 developed into concrete shape in an agreement signed on April 2, 1954. According to that agreement’s Article IV which dealt co-operation in defense, and statement shows that a switch of information regarding technical grounds will be made and endeavors will be done to fulfill the requirements for the ample supply of arms and ammunition in case of unjustified attacks under Article 51 of the charter of United Nations. (Hussain, 2008). Baghdad Pact Turkey and Iraq laid the foundation of the Baghdad Pact, signing a Pct of Mutual Cooperation for ‘security and defense’ in February 1955 in the Iraqi capital. It was not an auspicious start. In the first place, Turkey was unpopular in the Arab world for having recognized Israel. Secondly, Egypt, which was considered by Britain as the key to a defense arrangement in the Middle East, denounced the Baghdad Pact. On receiving an invitation from Turkey and Iraq to join, Pakistan was not enthusiastic. Disappointed with the amount of US aid, Pakistan was no longer keen to undertake further military commitments in Middle East. In June, Ayub Khan was invited to Turkey. Prime Minister Nuri said of Iraq was also there. He and Adnan Manderes succeeded in convincing Ayub about the advantages of joining the pact. On 23 September 1955, Pakistan signed the Pact of Mutual Cooperation in Baghdad, in it the other regional members included Iran, Iraq and Turkey. Britian also joined it but the United States did not become a full member. The Baghdad Pact provided a good line of cooperation r>GET ANSWER