In a 500-750 word essay, please respond to the following:
Analyze and explain Epicurus’ famous proclamation: “Thanks be to blessed Nature because she has made what is necessary easy to supply, and what is not easy unnecessary…The right understanding of these facts enables us to refer all choice and avoidance to the health of the body and the soul’s freedom from disturbance, since this is the aim of the life of blessedness.” Do you agree or disagree with this assessment of the good life, and why?
In the midst of a war with Imperial Japan, China's leaders called on the people to fight for the country's democratic identity. In a 1939 speech to Guomindang committees, Chiang Kai-Shek insisted that China was "fighting this war for our national existence and for freedom to follow the course of national revolution" (401). To Chiang, the war with Japan was not simply about territorial conquest - it was a fight between imperialism and republicanism. China was fighting against a power that threatened a society in which "concord between the government and people" (403) existed. Unlike previous regimes which were not concerned with the "the happiness and welfare of the common people," China's latest government - "republican in form and revolutionary in spirit" according to Chiang - was "fully aware of its responsibilities" (402) to protect the lives of its citizens. Chiang's government would not fall like previous regimes which were brought down by "the weaknesses of a few officials" (402). Instead, the Republic of China, led by the Guomindang, "had no fear of bullying aggressors" (402) and would not fall to Japan's "mongrel civilization" (403). By appealing to the people's nationalism, Chiang hoped that their "unity and determination will increase with every day of the struggle" (404) and that Japan would eventually be defeated by republican China's "new and fervent national spirit" (402). China's struggle for survival during the war years would serve as a model for protests near the end of the 20th century. In 1989, students once again rose up and demanded that the government respect their natural rights. Elements of the Communist government, like the warlords and Japanese before them, were portrayed as an oppressive force that stifled the people's right to speak out against government policy. Students believed that the government's decision to take control of the media was a "shameless warlord manner" (498) that had to be resisted. Protestors were outraged that the government was trying to "deceive and poison people's minds" and "not [allowing] the people to speak the truth" (498). However, much like the Shanghai Workers' revolt several decades earlier, the student protestors only wanted to reform the government, not replace it. Students were frustrated that rights like freedom of demonstration while "granted by the Constitution" had to be "approved by some aristocrats" (499). They explained that they did not "desire to plunge the world into chaos" but instead "push forward the process of reform and democratization to try and obtain for the people the most practical benefits possible" (497). Members of the Communist Party agreed with the students. Students party members explained that ""the honor of the Communist party . . . has been sullied today by their [opposition to] democratization>GET ANSWER