Including academic insights, examples Rate each of the seven roles of teaching—motivator, manager, instructional expert, counselor, model, leader, and reflective professional—according to the degree of importance for a teacher. Consider each of the seven roles of teaching in relation to your personal perceptions of your teaching goals and abilities. Which areas are you strong in; which areas do you need to work on? In what type of setting might you be serving as teacher? Keep in mind that teaching can be applied in many contexts whether in an academic setting or work setting. What are the roles for education and psychology envisioned by E. L. Thorndike? Have those roles changed? What kinds of methods did Thorndike recommend for use in research?