Kiev, capital of Ukraine, is the scene of tank battles, buildings in flames, and many dead. Much of this country has become virtually ungovernable. The European Union and the United States are searching for a compromise while Russia tries to bring Ukraine back into the Russian orbit.
There are indications of direct Russian involvement in support of rebel forces inside Ukraine. The CIA released satellite images that support claims Russia has fired artillery and rockets across the border and armed, trained and financed separatist forces inside the Ukraine.
Other Serious Armed Conflicts:
Central African Republic – Sectarian fighting between Muslims and Christians erupted.
Libya – Armed militias that overthrew Gaddafi in 2011 are now fighting various factions.
Somalia – African Union troops, many from nearby Uganda, restored government control of the major cities. This left Shabab militants in the rural areas the ability to carry out bombings.
Israel/Gaza – The Israel-Palestine conflict escalated to current fighting with Hama in the Gaza Strip.
The United Nations defines “major wars” as those military conflicts inflicting 1,000 battlefield deaths per year. Most conflicts today are civil or “intrastate” conflicts—wars born of religious, ethnic or racial hatreds. Often tribalism or identity based politics mobilizes conflict through the use of fear, corruption, religion, even the media. One aspect all have in common is that most deaths and victims are civilians. There is no regular army using heavy weapons. Instead, child soldiers and criminals use light weapons and perpetrate crimes such as rape, starvation, and ethnic cleansing.
More conflicts occur in Africa than any other continent. Serious armed conflict cause incredible economic and social damage to many states.
Intrastate Conflict involves organized armed forces capable of sustained combat and effective resistance. The result is a minimum of 1,000 battle-related combatant fatalities within a 12-month period. This new type of war does not involve superpowers. Rather, regional powers, mercenaries and conflict parties traffic in drugs, blood diamonds, trafficking and blackmail.
Greed and Grievance
Greed – Often the main “cause” of conflicts. Can involve gold, diamonds, oil. It is also based on diaspora—Ethnic groups or nationalities scattered among several countries.
Grievance – Used to “prolong” conflicts. Can involve a religious sect, class, ethnic group, political party affiliation, or basic inequalities.
1.Read the article “Intrastate Conflict: Data, Trends and Drivers” (Link:>>> https://novaonline.nvcc.edu/pls241/ELI_Article_Intrastate_Conflict.pdf ) by Ernie Regehr
2.Write a one-page, double-spaced response addressing Intrastate Conflict: Fought for Greed or Grievance?
This section provide an important data related to porosity and permeability in order to get a better understanding in reservoir and flow of different types of fluids using DHP (Digital Helium Porosimeter) and DGP (Digital Gas Porosimeter) devices also VINCI is one of the instruments that used for steady- state processes. SCAL sectio Special core analysis section are specialist in understanding petrophysical properties goes beyond special techniques with advance tests to help the client more in estimating their fields. It is important to note however, that SCAl provide several services in MICP (mercury injection and capillary pressure), FRF (formation resistivity factor), and permeability of fluids especially water, CT scan, and flush cleaning using different solvents. However, the department provides unique tests related to the above processes in order to ensure the delivery of good quality services and focus on saving costs to the customer. Therefore, SCAL section is responsible for different fluid analysis at several stages in order to fulfil all the operational requirements and to achieve important results that optimize production and development of the fields. Other sections Weatherford laboratories also provide some other services behind the services provided by CCA and SCAL. These services include the basic experiments and requirement to observe several parameters such as temperature, pressure, and type of gas. Summary of the internship I have implemented the internship in Weatherford Company, Is one of the international oilfield services company. The company has several sections and the section where I had training is the Weatherford laboratory and is considered one of the main sections in Weatherford. The Weatherford labs are located in Ghala Industrial Estate in Oman. The company offers internship opportunities to students in different departments for example wireline, product line which include laboratories, and finances related to their major and skills. During the 6 weeks of the internship program, several tasks were assigned to me according to my major and practical skills in all the 3 units of laboratory department. I spend one week and several days in each unit with multi tasks given whereby some are related to my studies and others are for the purpose of gaining new experience in other fields that are semi-related. Besides that, I was trained not only in improving my soft skills, but, also dealing with several safety situations in the workplace and management technique when dealing with During my training a couple of approaches were assigned to me such as calculating the porosity and permeability using different instruments for example DHP (Digital Helium Porosimeter) and DGP (Digital Gas Porosimeter) also VINCI which is used for unsteady-state processes, how inject mercury to samples and calculating the bulk volume of the sample using Archimedes law, CT scan which include several software�s for making videos of core sample to analyze the fractures and how it will affect the value of porosity and permeability, Formation Resistivity Factor ( capillary pressure) (appendix 2), permeability of fluids, flush cleaning using different solvents, and finally the dean stark which is about extraction of oil and water.>GET ANSWER