During a global career succession assessment of leadership talent pipeline, a candidate was asked to complete a personality/behavioral tendency profile. The candidate asked to speak to the program administrator about the validity of the assessment. The assessment is based on first responses to several sets of word values. The instructions were to respond with first instinct to the set of words listed in several different categories. The candidate stated that some of the words could have different interpretations based on values, beliefs, and cultural origin. Therefore, the validity of the assessment could be biased in terms of results/outcomes. The program administrator removed the weighting of the assessment (not part of the overall assessment scoring) to be used for informational and team building purposes only.
Analyze whether the candidate has a valid discrimination concern about the assessment. Determine what EEOC laws could potentially be at risk of violation. Evaluate how the assessment could be altered so that it could still be used for the program.
Between around 800 and 500 the Greek states set out upon an across the board colonization development; by the sixth century Greek provinces were scattered all through the Mediterranean and Black Sea. It was as an immediate consequence of this colonization development that Greek culture was spread to Africa, Asia and Southern Europe, it was a development that changed the financial and social history of the entire district (Bradley, 1988, 20). Inspiration for Colonization Usually accepted, in view of the first case of Thucydides, and as of late exemplified via Sealey (1976, 31), that colonization was an immediate aftereffect of land hunger caused by overpopulation of the mother city and an absence of nearby assets to bolster expanding numbers. He asserts bolster for this thought can be found in the establishment of Cyrene (Herodotus 4.150-158). The settlers were conveyed by Thera after a time of starvation, yet this does not in any manner bolster the possibility that pioneers were conveyed by overpopulated urban communities, yet that a few states small the aftereffect of cataclysmic event. The hypothesis of detonating populace as an immediate reason for a great part of the colonization development can undoubtedly be crushed; the presumption of expanding numbers originates from the archeological proof for more prominent quantities of graves in spots like Attica and the Argolid (Cawkwell, 1992, 57). Athens, be that as it may, conveyed no settlements previously the finish of the seventh century and Argos none by any stretch of the imagination. The archeological proof additionally recommends that the quantity of entombments declined in the seventh century inferring a populace diminish, if the rationale is finished, amid the period when Athens conveyed here state. It is perilous to expect one without the other. What the paleontology is in all likelihood giving us proof of is an adjustment in mold through the ancient time frame. Reducing weight on the accessible fellow was more likely than not one inspiration, yet this would have been because of some cataclysmic event, for example, the dry season on Thera specified above (Herodotus 4.150-158; cf. Sealey, 1976, 31). Towards the start of the most recent century, it was trusted that at most locales in the west, eminently in Sicily, Greek earthenware had been foreign made by locals before the pioneers arrived. From this it was sensible to induce that exchange was an imperative and maybe conclusive factor in the colonizing development (Bury and Meiggs, 1994, 70): this suspicion has for quite some time been debated, in any case. The current equalization of archeological conclusion is that there is no sure proof of exchange with Sicily before the settlers arrived (Bury and Meiggs, 1994, 70). There is little uncertainty, in any case, that exchange was an extremely noteworthy factor in the colonization of the Mediterranean, as exemplified by the establishment of Naucratis in Egypt (Herodotus 2.178); it was merchants who knew about the most beneficial spots to settle and exchanging joins were kept up with the mother city (Sealey, 1976, 31; cf. Murray, 1980, 107). Who were the pilgrims? As noted above, merchants frequently shaped piece of the number of inhabitants in a large number of the provinces, or in any event settlers would have been depending intensely on data provided by dealers (Murray, 1980, 107). It should additionally be noticed that the two most punctual known settlements, Al Mina and Pithecusae, were both set up as exchanging posts (Bury and Meiggs, 1994, 70). Murray contends (Murray, 1980, 108), in any case, that when all is said in done terms exchange had a tendency to be an outcome of frontier movement and not its fundamental main thrust and consequently the primary constituents of a state were quite often ranchers and skilled workers searching for what must be portrayed as a superior like. The settlements dependably were expected to act naturally adequate thus individuals from a colonizing undertaking were comprised of all classis and exchanges (Hammond, 1959, 114). In the bigger provinces, pioneers tended to come in a few waves, the last pilgrims having a tendency to be of lower status in the settlement and being known as epoikoi (Hammond, 1959, 114). Which urban communities colonized? Numerous Greek city states and islands took an interest in the colonizing development, incorporating Chalcis in Euboea, Corinth (for colonization of Corcyra, Strabo 6.2.4), Megara, Rhodes, Crete the greater part of whom established provinces in Sicily. Southern Italy was colonized to a great extent by the Achaen conditions of the northern Peloponnese, for example, Sybaris and Croton (Sealey, 1976, 32). In the Northen Aegean zone, the three pronged promontory that ended up known as the Chalcidide was purported due to the numerous establishments from Chalcis, some in that district were likewise from Andros. The Bosphorus territory was colonized by Megara and numerous settlements operating at a profit Sea originated from the Ionian Greek states, for example, Miletus (Sealey, 1976, 33). It is maybe more striking with respect to which states did not take part in the colonization development In any critical way, Sparta just established one settlement at Tarentum (Sealey, 1976, 32-3). in Southern Italy, and Athens similarly just established o single state while Argos established none by any means. An exhaustive rundown of every single Greek establishment in the Archaic time frame can be found in Hammond, 1959, 657-660. Which zones were colonized? The principal wave of Greek colonization was felt most unequivocally in Sicily (Thucydides 6.1ff) and marginally later, southern Italy. After this underlying burst of movement, the islands and projections of the northern Aegean and along the shoreline of Macedon and Thrace were settled. The passageway to the Black Sea was colonized in the mid seventh century and the Black Sea area presumably sooner or later from that point onward, in spite of the fact that the dating for this is a long way from certain. North Africa appears to have been the focal point of settlement action in the mid seventh century with Cyrene being established around 630. Around 600 the Phoenicians set up various settlements in southern France, and in Spain (Murray, 1980, 104). The colonization development basically finished in 580, geologically the best destinations had all been involves by at that point and the main noteworthy outstanding region in the Adriatic was had a desolate and ungracious coastline (Murray, 1980, 104). What was the relationship to the mother city? At the point when the essential province of a city state itself established a backup settlement, it was basic to welcome a subject from the mother state as oikistes and transplanted similar organizations: for instance, the Corcyreans established Epidamnus under the initiative of a Corinthian. We likewise realize that Sparta's establishment, Taras, had a school of ephors; and Euesperides, a state of Cyrene, both ephors and a gerousia (Hammond, 1959, 112). The feeling of connection with the establishing state was, accordingly, especially solid. The connection was no uncertainty as a result of a feeling of obligation and appreciation felt by the homesteaders towards the mother city for sorting out the pioneers in any case. As noted above, in any case, states were proposed to without anyone else's input adequate and once they were solidly settled the line was cut. It was an image of the freedom of the settlement that it venerated not its establishing city, but rather its oikistes, regardless of whether he was of outsider cause as at Epidamnus (Hammond, 1959, 112). A few benefits were sometimes reached out to the foundress, for example, a demand to mediate a debate, yet they were additionally much of the time offered to different urban communities moreover. The connection among author and state did not generally stay agreeable after the province basically ended up autonomous, the most ideal case of this being the mind boggling debate between Corinth, Corcyra and Epidamnus that prompted the episode of the Peloponnesian War (Rhodes, 2006, 82ff). End The Greek colonization development had no single individual reason, it was incompletely the consequence of land hunger caused by cataclysmic event in some city states, very likely the aftereffect of extension in a few expresses, the consequence of a longing for exchange incomes by a few. Provinces were constantly planned to be free and not just an expansion of the home city so the inspiration of colonization is difficult to comprehend except if we understand that it was typically not the city that was the main impetus behind the longing to settle abroad however most likely the primary main thrust originated from residents as opposed to it states. Singular residents to a great extent drove colonization no uncertainty looking for a tract of land for themselves and their youngsters, something they may never have possessed the capacity to accomplish in their home state. Most city states participated in the colonization development, however some of the most ground-breaking, Athens, Sparta and Argos, did not; so we can sensibly expect that colonization did not include extraordinarily, if by any means, to the military or monetary quality, or maybe even distinction of the establishing city again supporting the view that the development was to a great extent from residents as opposed to states.>GET ANSWER