As the technologies used in LANS and WLANs become faster and better, the amount of trafﬁc the backbone network needs to support is increasing at an even faster rate. Coupled with the signiﬁcant changes in the best practice recommendations for the design of backbone networks, this means that many organizations have had to replace their backbones completely. We would like to think that these have been one-time expenditures, but, as trafﬁc grows, demand placed on the backbone will continue to increase meaning the amount spent on switches and routers for use in the backbone will increase. Designing backbone networks to be easily upgradable is now an important management goal.
Sunshine Healthcare Corporation owns a small company that specializes in medical telemetry consulting projects. The projects typically involve one or two engineers who do data intensive analyses for clinics and hospitals. Because so much data are needed, the projects are stored on the company’s high-capacity server but moved to the engineers’ workstations for analysis. The company is moving into new ofﬁces and wants you to design its network. It has a staff of 8 engineers (which is expected to grow to 12 over the next 5 years), plus another 8 management and clerical employees who also need network connections but whose needs are less intense.
Evaluate the use of a backbone design by comparing and contrasting the different backbones and their uses. Design the network and describe the backbone network components and architectures
Solid Competition By Airblue: PIA is presently going up against bearers, for example, Airblue and Shaheen Airline. PIA remains Airblue's most grounded rival in light of the colossal market it has increased after some time, solid brand picture and client devotion. Intrigue And Foreign Currency Exchange Rates: Fluctuating outside cash trade rates can significantly affect PIA's profit. For instance, as PIA is giving its administrations to the UK. Negative or beneficial outcomes emerge from swapping scale developments as change in costs. PESTLE AND STEEP ANALYSIS PESTLE and STEEP elements including political, social, monetary, innovative, lawful and natural components (Ireland R. et al 2008). (P)OLITICAL FACTORS: As indicated by Ireland R. et al (2008), political factors dependably affect the manner in which where organizations work in the aircraft business and the spending intensity of clients. Pakistan has accomplished some political steadiness as of late. On the off chance that the administration of PIA trusts that the present government will perform well (reliably), at that point there will be greater interest as buy of new planes and most recent innovation. (E)CONOMIC FACTORS: Right now, Airlines industry has three noteworthy players: PIA, an Airblue, Aero Asia and Shaheen Airlines. Their objective market incorporates household voyagers and also Pakistanis living abroad especially in the UK and USA. Monetarily, the new thousand years has been exceptionally unstable; the September 11 assaults reformed the entire world. Subsequently, there was a worldwide despondency in the North America, South America, Australia and Europe. (S)OCIAL FACTORS: Clients are more mindful of economic situations and accessible alternatives and need to get best an incentive for their cash (Johnson and Scholar, 2001). They invest significant energy and cash on stimulation subsequently expanding the need of in-flight amusement frameworks. Hajj pulls in countless. (T)ECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS: Major mechanical changes are occurring in the carriers business with developments in the reservations and booking frameworks. In-flight stimulation frameworks and auto check in counters are two cases of such developments. Web assumes a key part in e-ticketing as purchaser can without much of a stretch save tickets or check the status of the flight. (L)EGAL FACTORS: Carriers enactments and approaches directly affect the execution of PIA. PIA has assaulted new enactment which will constrain them to pay more prominent remuneration to clients in case of overbooking, undoings and deferrals. (E)NVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: PIA, as an image of national pride, ought to be a decision aircraft working beneficially on current business ideas, fit for rivaling the best in its whole universal and local markets, reliably surpassing client desires. It ought to be a decision boss conveying present day innovation in all circles of its exercises. Ways to deal with HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT TO AID THE DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS STRATEGY With an understanding that worldwide monetary downturn and regularly rising working costs additionally exacerbated by fluctuating unrefined petroleum costs. As per Greg J. et al (2009), human asset practices ought to be engaged in PIA to address whether a "brighter future is conceivable through administration rehearses that completely draw in workers and accomplish authentic associations with their associations" to protect a sickly aircraft. Inability to evoke representative duty through human asset practices could imply that PIA is destined to flop in aggressive flight industry in which private segment is expanding its piece of the overall industry by taking into account consumer loyalty. Making a culture in which workers are affectionate and where top administration centers around its staff resource by dealing with them so they are prepared to face and react to each normal everyday employment's difficulties won't be simple except if PIA begins constructing better relationship at different levels inside its various leveled association. At the point when an association supports estimations of cordiality and devotion among its staff then in the long run clients advantage from enhanced administration quality and making a client driven culture turns out to be generally simple. High worker assurance and superb conveyance of administration to clients are both between related and between subordinate factors and aircrafts like Southwest Airlines, SWA, that based its plan of action on its clients as well as its representatives fulfillment have seen its benefits developing when others were all losing incomes in post 9/11 period. Human asset administration bureau of PIA could be utilized as a profitable specialist of progress that makes a key association among various levels of administration and enhances cooperation between various offices by characterizing arrangements and strategies that in the long run outcomes in a more elevated amount of administration all through the association. Legitimately prepared human asset experts that comprehend complexities of hierarchical culture as well as have information of worldwide aeronautics industry can make a workplace that advances nobility and regard and gets ready PIA for 21st century challenges. Turnaround of Continental Airlines that utilized human asset administration as an instrument of corporate procedure to adjust its work and correspondence hones all through the association is another case of the vital part that human asset office in PIA can play to enhance its image's quality and switch its money related misfortunes (Carrig 1997). To stay aggressive in worldwide market where innovation can perform huge numbers of the activities customarily performed by human specialists, PIA needs to take a few measures to decrease its workforce by using innovation to its advantage. "Moving to web based ticketing ... spare us no less than 8-9 for each penny in costs," the overseeing chief of PIA once said. This somewhat settle over-business that weights organization's critical budgetary condition. The following stage ought to be online registration for residential and worldwide flights. PIA ought to put assist in its site to offer alternatives to correct schedule as and when required. Political impact and impedance that influences reasonableness of enrollment arrangements postures challenges for human asset administration when they are compelled to settle on choices that does not line up with PIA's methodology but rather fills political needs. I can't accentuate enough on the significance of straightforward enrollment. PIA needs to take in the significance of procuring as its prosperity relies upon the capacity and style of its kin. An association that is in urgent need of administration and good examples ought to embellish its home office dividers by photos of workers who adjust and advance organization approaches by accomplishing magnificence in their regarded parts. This training would support sound rivalry inside representatives and they would work with more devotion to get perceived. Execution AND REWARD MANAGEMENT INCLUDING THE ROLE OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL These days as indicated by my perspective any kind of reward assumes an indispensable part in worker execution it is possible that it is budgetary or non-monetary .Financial incorporates increment pay benefits like therapeutic, travel, youngsters benefits , annuity and so on and non-money related are close to home acknowledgment , thankfulness , advancement and so on. PIA must lead a worker study in which first they distinguish the necessities of various representatives like what kind of prizes PIA ought to give them with the goal that they can inspire and perform better to settle on it first decision . Execution Appraisal or Career advancement talk is strategy by which the activity execution of a representative is assessed in term of subjective, amounts, cost and time commonly by super ordinate manager or boss Performance evaluation is a piece of directing and overseeing profession improvement .It is the way toward acquiring, examining and recording data about the relative worth of a worker to the association. Execution examination is an investigation of a representative's ongoing achievement and disappointments individual qualities and shortcomings, and reasonableness for advancement or further preparing. It is additionally the judgment of a worker's execution in the activity in view of contemplations other than efficiency alone. Its an apparatus by which administration can give input on representatives execution recognize his/her preparation needs .Facilitate correspondence amongst worker and organization/administration .It enhance execution through advising , instructing and improvement . Essentially at whatever point you educate anyone concerning his/her shortcoming qualities you he/she will perform better towards accomplishing hierarchical objectives. Procedures FOR EMPLOYEE DEVELOPMENT AND REDEVELOPMENT The investigation is expected to check the advancement of representatives in the association. A decent improvement program and technique are fundamental to accomplish objective of the association. To adapt to poor execution and to hold worker and dependably keep them supportable we have loads of techniques however what I found in my examination that not all are assume a crucial part but rather somebody assumes a critical part (Svend Hollensen, 2005). Decentralization Representative will better create in decentralized basic leadership where they believe they are a piece of group at whatever point you include worker in basic leadership you can without much of a stretch accomplish you want objective in better way (Jeston J. and Neils J., 2006). On the off chance that we discuss PIA (Pakistan universal Airline) in PIA assignment of specialist is constrained because of unified basic leadership .The experts maintain whatever authority is needed to settle on choices in Board meeting or you can state that lone best level administration can settle on choice in executive gathering. The center and lower level administration isn't permitted to represent against the best level administration whatever best level make or actualize they need to take after the choice Employment Rotations As per Price A. (2005), work turn is natural piece of improvement; it is rehearsed to enable qualified representatives to acquire experiences into the procedures of a comp>GET ANSWER