Research essay and the essay is based on a story of this book :” the scribner anthology of contemporary short fiction. The story that I chose is silver water by Amy Bloom page 72 to 79 And the narrowed topic is : The significance of point of view in the story.The assignment should be a minimum of 1,800 words (6 – 8 pages), in addition to a Works Cited. The Works Cited is not a separate assignment; it is the last page of the paper. In addition, four (4) critical sources are required in writing the paper.
E. Three sources must be full-fledged scholarly and/or professional articles from databases, newspapers, journals, magazines, and interviews. The fourth source is the primary source itself (the story) from The Scribner’s Anthology of Contemporary Short Fiction(SACSF).About the Research Essay A.
• Direct quotations and in-text citations do not count in determining the required word count.
• Name your file based on this example: 3 Essay Jeff Cruz.
B. As stated in the syllabus, the general topic for the research essay is a story from The Scribner Anthology of Contemporary Short Fiction (SACSF). The assignment is to write an organized, well-supported literary analysis.
• Again, the paper is a literary analysis of the story – DO NOT USE OTHER APPROACHES, such as health, social, political, psychological, religious, scientific, historical, film, sociological, etc. Do not lose focus – your job is to write a literary analysis. SOURCES must be full-fledged newspaper, journal, and magazine articles, reviews, letters, essays, interviews, lectures, dissertations, or any other secondary source that a reference librarian might suggest, such as the
o Humanities Index
o Essay and General Literature Index
o PMLA (Publication of the Modern Language Association) o JSTOR
o Academic Search Complete
o Google Scholar
o The Paris Review
o The New York Times (newspaper)
o The New York Times Book Review Digest
o The New York Times Magazine
o The Guardian
o The New Yorker
o The Washington Post
o The Wall Street Journal
o The Houston Chronicle (and other major newspapers) o The Atlantic
o Literary Hub
VII. DO NOT USE Online reading forums
Book club postings
Online postings to non-scholarly forums
Clubs (Amazon, Barnes and Noble, or other book clubs or forums) Online literary histories, e-Notes, Cliff Notes, Shmoop, Spark Notes, etc.
The above sources are not written with emphasis on the most current and controversial critiques; this is not their purpose. Instead, they skim and draw generalized conclusions. It is, of course, all right to read them, but if you do use information from them, you must acknowledge (cite) them; however, they do not count as one of the four sources.
V. ABOUT SOURCES
A. Of the 4 required sources for writing the research essay, three sources must be
professional sources (databases, magazines, newspapers, journals, interviews) accessed on credible Internet web sites or in the HCC library: http://library.hccs.edu. If you have access to other college libraries, you can substitute that library for HCC. Remember, because you access these “printed” materials online, they may not seem “printed” to you, but they are. One source must be the primary source itself, the short story in The Scribner Anthology of Contemporary Short Fiction,
B. Read the articles and then summarize the critical viewpoints, taking careful notes. Then compare the views of the critics to your own views. (By this time, you are now familiar with the story, and you may be concerned that the reading of those critical sources might alter your preliminary opinion. Do not worry; this is part of the process.)
C. Support your opinions with quotations from both primary and secondary sources. Again, you cannot rely on blogs, online forums, online reading groups, encyclopedias, dictionaries, and Wikipedia for your sources. By their very nature, they provide general information. It’s fine if you want to read them as preliminary reading. BUT these do not count as the four sources. For example, you cannot use Wikipedia as one of the sources – it’s an encyclopedia, not a cutting-edge critical source for a research essay.
D. Paraphrasing is not allowed. (The risks of plagiarism are too great.)
VI. The finished product should be a minimum of 6 – 8 double-spaced pages with a minimum of 3 critical sources: The primary source (the short story) counts as one of the 4 sources. The paper should be formatted according to MLA style of documentation for document format, in- text citations, and pagination. Additionally, a Works Cited page is needed to list the sources actually used to write the paper. It is not a separate assignment but the last page of the paper.
VII. The research essay must provide
• One ellipsis
• One use of the brackets
• One block quotation (no more than one)
• 12-14 short quotations (from primary and secondary sources)
• 4 sources (one primary and three secondary)
• 6 – 8 pages, in addition to a Works Cited
• A penalty of 10 points will be deducted for each part above missing or incorrect.
MLA MANUSCRIPT FORMAT
• Times New Roman 12 font
• MLA heading
• 1⁄2 inch indent for first line of each new paragraph
• No extra spaces between paragraphs or other lines
• One-inch margins
• Left margin justification (no center or Justified margins)
• For more information, see “Sample MLA First Page.”
XIII. MORE HELP WRITING THE ESSAY
• What Is Argument?
• Writing a Literary Analysis
• Textual Evidence
• Thesis Vs. Topic
• How to Write the Five Paragraph Essay
• Steps in Writing the Five Paragraph Essay
• Long Quotes, Short Quotes, In-Text Citations
• Sample MLA First Page
• Basic Rules for MLA In-Text Citations
• Major Word Blunders
• Checklists: The Elements of Literature
• First thing to remember: quotations cannot stand alone. They should not be dropped into a sentence all by themselves. You should introduce each quotation with a signal phrase and then go on to explain its significance.
• CHOOSE YOUR QUOTES JUDICIOUSLY.
Very Corny – Very True:
Think of each quote like a sandwich – the quotation is the meat on the inside, but before you taste the meat, you must also be introduced to the sandwich by the bread. After you bite down on that meat, you need the other piece of bread to round out the meal. The top piece of bread will tell us where the quote came from and/or how it fits in with what’s already been discussed in the paper. The bottom piece of bread points out what is important about the quote and elaborates on what is being said.
XV. WHEN YOU HAVE FINISHED YOUR ESSAY
On the final copy, highlight or underline the thesis statement in the introduction and each topic sentence in the body paragraphs.
VII. STRUCTURE OF THE ARGIMENTATIVE ESSAY A. THE INTRODUCTION
a. Provides an overview/brief summary of the story and end the paragraph with a thesis statement.
b. The first (or second) sentence in the introduction should provide the title of the short story (in quotations marks), author’s full name, and date of publication.
c. Brief overview / summary of the story to establish context: the who’s who, what’s what, when and where. Without context, readers will be confused.
d. The thesis statement as the last sentence. This one sentence is the most important sentence in the entire essay; it lets readers know up front what will be discussed in the paper – and how it will be examined.
e. Openings to AVOID
o Avoid a vague generality or truth. Don’t extend your reach with a line such as Throughout human history . . . Or In today’s world . . . Or Nowadays . . . These are far too verbose.
o A flat announcement. Do not write
The purpose of this paper is to . . . In this essay, . . .
This paper will prove that . . . . Or similar.
- Body paragraphs make up the rationale, the reasons to prove your thesis statement.
They support and advance your thesis statement. In an essay that’s understandable and interesting to readers, you must provide plenty of solid information to support your thesis statement – your claim. You need to work this information into the body paragraphs.
- In other words, each body paragraph states a topic sentence that supports and develops the paragraph, which, in turn, advances the thesis sentence. The body paragraphs must have relevant elaboration, such as quotations, facts, examples from the text, and authoritative sources. The elaborating evidence should be judiciously chosen, verifiable, and convincing.
- A paragraph may be coherent, but it is inadequate if you skimp on details. If the body paragraph lacks development, it is not complete – it doesn’t support your thesis statement – and you have not proved your point.
- Your conclusion should artfully end your paper, rather than simply cutting the
reader off abruptly. The conclusion need not be long; after all, a conclusion by definition is short. One point, though: do not introduce new material in this section.
- Your essay should end with a closing statement that signals that you have not
simply stopped writing but have actually finished. The conclusion completes an essay, bringing it to a climax, while assuring you that the readers have understood your intention. It’s the last impression you leave with the audience.
- Effective Conclusions
• Re-state / re-word your thesis statement (in different words).
• Provide final thoughts about the connection between the narrowed topic and the story.
- Conclusions to AVOID
• A literal repeat of the introduction. Don’t simply replay your introduction. The conclusion should capture what the body paragraphs have added to the introduction.
• Something new or a new direction. Don’t introduce an idea different from the one your essay has been about. If you arrive at a new idea, this is probably a signal to start fresh with another thesis statement.
• A sweeping generalization. Don’t conclude more than you reasonably can expect from the discussion you’ve presented. For example, if you argue that Harper Lee’s use of symbols is particularly significant, you cannot reasonably conclude that other authors also provide symbolism.
A. Persuade the audience that you are an authority, and you know the subject matter
well – all of it. Do not use I, me, my, mine, you, yours, yours, we, ours in formal writing: business or academic. Instead, you might use the reader or readers.
B. Show that words have power – show that your argument is strong, convincing, powerful, and persuasive.
A. The average paragraph contains between 100 and 150 words or between 8 – 12
sentences. The actual length of a paragraph depends on the complexity of your topic. Note: Very short paragraphs are often inadequately developed; they often leave the reader with a sense of incompleteness. AND very long paragraphs often contain irrelevant details or develop two or more topics. Thus, readers may have a hard time following, sorting out, or remembering ideas. So, be clear and focused.
B. When you’re revising your essay, re-read the paragraphs that seem very long or very short, checking them especially for clarity, focus, and development. If a paragraph wanders, cut everything from it that does not support the topic sentence. I will be looking for paragraphs with a topic sentence in each, supporting details that develop the one topic sentence in the paragraph, and textual evidence in the form of quotations and in-text citations..
XX. WAYS TO IMPROVE YOU CHANCES ON THIS PAPER
A. Avoid writing your essay in one or two writing sessions just before the deadline. Start early. Do not expect to write the essay quickly. The assignment itself is not particularly demanding, but the process is. People lead busy lives; time is limited. No
matter how much time you think you will need, things generally take longer than we expect.
B. Know what you’re talking about – because if you don’t, your paper has no merit and may be only an opinion. The assignment calls for an argument – not opinions that are not backed up with evidence (quotations and in-text citations).
C. Use signal phrases to introduce quotations. Smoothly integrate your own views with supporting quotations (acknowledged with in-text citations). Remember that words have power. Beginning upfront, you have the potential to strengthen, distinguish, and individualize an essay.
D. After writing your rough draft, look at what you’ve written. Decide which sections you actually want to include in your paper. Pull together the various parts of your paper and organize the conclusion so that your paper becomes a unified whole. What you do not want is a collection of sections. An effective paper with unusual clear development is an organized, unified whole. Allow time for revising and editing your paper – incorporate the suggestions from the tutors.
E. Create your own title – make sure it’s not vague and too general. It should indicate
the slant or direction your paper will take.
THE ESSAY MUST INCLUDE:
- 12 – 14 short in-text citations
- One block quotation (no more than one)
- One ellipsis
- One use of the brackets
- Minimum of four (4) critical reference sources:
§ Primary source: short story itself from The Scribner Anthology of Contemporary Short Fiction (SACSF).
§ Three secondary sources: professional / scholarly sources from credible Internet sources and / or databases.
- 6 – 8 pages, in addition to a Works Cited.
NOTE: 10 points will be deducted for each missing part.please pay attention to grading fie that I added regard to the outline that you did . please pay special attention to instruction file that I added . As I explain the story that I chose its same and the topic as well is same as the outline that you did.
Text review of this paper: This page of the article has 2111 words. Download the full form above. The United States is home to the absolute generally famous and productive chronic executioners ever. Names, for example, Ted Bundy, Gary Ridgeway, and the Zodiac Killer have become commonly recognized names because of the horrendous idea of their wrongdoings. One of the most productive chronic executioners in American history is John Wayne Gacy. Nicknamed the Killer Clown due to his calling, Gacy assaulted and killed in any event 33 adolescent young men and youngsters somewhere in the range of 1972 and 1978, which is one of the most elevated realized casualty checks. Gacy's story has become so notable that his violations have been included in mainstream society and TV shows, for example, American Horror Story: Hotel and Criminal Minds. Legal science has, and keeps on playing, a significant part in the comprehending of the case and distinguishing proof of the people in question. John Wayne Gacy's set of experiences of sexual and psychological mistreatment was instrumental in provoking agent's curiosity of him as a suspect. John Wayne Gacy was conceived on March 17, 1942, in Chicago, Illinois. Being the main child out of three kids, Gacy had a stressed relationship with his dad, who drank intensely and was regularly oppressive towards the whole family (Sullivan and Maiken 48). In 1949, a contractual worker, who was a family companion, would stroke Gacy during rides in his truck; in any case, Gacy never uncovered these experiences to his folks inspired by a paranoid fear of reprisal from his dad (Foreman 54). His dad's mental maltreatment proceeded into his young grown-up years, and Gacy moved to Las Vegas where he worked quickly in the rescue vehicle administration prior to turning into a morgue specialist (Sullivan and Maiken 50). As a morgue specialist, Gacy was intensely associated with the preserving cycle and conceded that one night, he moved into the casket of a perished young kid and touched the body (Cahill and Ewing 46). Stunned at himself, Gacy re-visitations of Chicago to live with his family and graduates from Northwestern Business College in 1963, and acknowledges an administration learner position with Nunn-Bush Shoe Company. In 1964, Gacy is moved to Springfield and meets his future spouse, Marlynn Myers. In Springfield, Gacy has his subsequent gay experience when an associate shakily performed oral sex on him (London 11:7). Gacy moves to Waterloo, Iowa, and starts a family with Myers. Nonetheless, after consistently undermining his better half with whores, Gacy submits his originally known rape in 1967 upon Donald Vorhees. In the coming months, Gacy explicitly mishandles a few different adolescents and is captured and accused of oral homosexuality (Sullivan and Maiken 60). On December 3, 1968, Gacy is indicted and condemned to ten years at the Anamosa State Penitentiary. Gacy turns into a model detainee at Anamosa and is allowed parole in June of 1970, an only a brief time after his condemning. He had to move to Chicago and live with his mom and watch a 10:00PM check in time. Not exactly a year later, Gacy is accused again of explicitly attacking a high school kid however the young didn't show up in court, so the charges were dropped. Gacy was known by numerous individuals in his locale to be an enthusiastic volunteer and being dynamic in network governmental issues. His part as "Pogo the Clown" the jokester started in 1975 when Gacy joined a neighborhood "Carefree Joker" comedian club that consistently performed at raising support functions. On January 3, 1972, Gacy submits his first homicide of Timothy McCoy, a 16-year old kid going from Michigan to Omaha. Asserting that McCoy went into his room employing a kitchen blade, Gacy gets into an actual fight with McCoy prior to cutting him over and over in the chest. Subsequent to understanding that McCoy had absentmindedly strolled into the stay with the blade while attempting to get ready breakfast, Gacy covers the body in his slither space. Gacy conceded in the meetings following his capture that executing McCoy gave him a "mind-desensitizing climax", expressing that this homicide was the point at which he "understood passing was a definitive rush" (Cahill and Ewing 349). Just about 2 years after the fact, Gacy submits his second homicide of a unidentified adolescent. Gacy choked the kid prior to stuffing the body in his storeroom prior to covering him (Cahill 349). In 1975, Gacy's business was developing rapidly and his hunger for youngsters developed with it. Gacy frequently attracted youngsters under his work to his home, persuading them to place themselves in binds, and assaulting and tormenting them prior to choking them (Cahill 169-170). A large portion of Gacy's homicides occurred somewhere in the range of 1976 and 1978, the first of this time occurring in April 1976. A significant number of the adolescents that were killed during this time were covered in a creep space under Gacy's home. For the rest of the killings, Gacy confessed to throwing five bodies off the I-55 extension into the Des Plaines River; nonetheless, just four of the bodies were ever recouped (Linedecker 152). In December 1978, Gacy meets Robert Jerome Piest, a 15-year old kid working at a drug store and extends to him an employment opportunity at Gacy's firm. Piest advises his mom regarding this and neglects to restore that night. The Piest family documents a missing individual's report and the drug specialist illuminates police that Gacy would undoubtedly be the man that Jerome addressed about a work. When addressed by the police, Gacy denied any inclusion in Piest's vanishing. In any case, the police were not persuaded, and Gacy's set of experiences of sexual maltreatment and battery provoked the police to look through his home. Among the things found at Gacy's home were a 1975 secondary school class ring with the initials J.A.S., different driver's licenses, binds, attire that was excessively little for Gacy, and a receipt for the drug store that Piest had worked at. Throughout the following scarcely any days, examiners got different calls and tips about Gacy's rapes and the secretive vanishings of Gacy's workers. The class ring was inevitably followed back to John A. Szyc, one of Gacy's casualties in 1977. Futhermore, after inspecting Gacy's vehicle, examiners found a little bunch of strands looking like human hair, which were shipped off the labs for additional investigation. That very night, search canines were utilized to identify any hint of Piest in Gacy's vehicle, and one of the canines demonstrated that Piest had, indeed, been available in the vehicle. On December 20, 1977, under the pressure of steady police reconnaissance and examination, Gacy admits to more than 30 killings and illuminates his legal counselor and companion where the bodies were covered, both in the slither space and the stream. 26 casualties were found in the creep space and 4 in the stream. Gacy is captured, indicted for 33 killings, and condemned to death by deadly infusion. He endeavored a madness request yet was denied, and was executed on May 10, 1994. There were a few scientific pointers that examiners used to attach Gacy to the homicides. A portion of these include fiber investigation, dental and radiology records, utilizing the deterioration cycle of the human body, and facial recreation in distinguishing the people in question. Agents discovered strands that looked like human hair in both Gacy's vehicle and close to the creep space where the bodies were covered. Notwithstanding these hair tests, specialists additionally discovered filaments that contained hints of Gacy's blood and semen in a similar territory. Blood having a place with the casualties was found on a portion of the strands, which would later legitimately attach Gacy to the wrongdoings. The filaments in Gacy's vehicle were examined by legal researchers and coordinated Piest's hair tests. Besides, the hunt canines that verified that Piest had been in Gacy's vehicle showed this by a "passing response", which told specialists that Piest's dead body had been within Gacy's vehicle. Out of Gacy's 33 known casualties, just 25 were ever indisputably distinguished. A considerable lot of Gacy's casualties had comparative actual depictions and were thusly difficult to recognize by absolutely asking the general population. To distinguish the people in question, examiners went to Betty Pat Gatliff, a pioneer in criminological science and facial reproduction. Facial remaking is the way toward reproducing the facial highlights of a person by utilizing their remaining parts. Certain facial highlights, for example, facial structures, nasal structure, and in general face shape can be valuable in recognizing a casualty even long in the afterlife. By utilizing these highlights, and with the assistance of program, criminological specialists can make a picture of an individual's face, which is instrumental in recognizing casualties after their bodies have rotted. Facial reproduction should be possible in a few measurements. Two-dimensional facial recreations is utilized with skull radiographs and depend on pre-passing photos and data. Notwithstanding, this isn't really ideal on the grounds that cranial highlights are not generally noticeable or at the correct scale (Downing). So as to get a practical and more precise portrayal of the casualty's face, a craftsman and a legal anthropologist are typically essential (Downing). Three-dimensional facial remaking is finished by models or high goal, three-dimensional pictures. PC programs can make facial reproductions by controlling examined photos of the remaining parts and use approximations to reproduce facial highlights. These will in general deliver results that don't look fake (Reichs and Craig 491). In some cases, specialists will utilize a strategy called superimposition as a method for facial recreation. Sadly, it's anything but a usually utilized technique, as it expects examiners to have some information about the character of the remaining parts they are managing. By superimposing a photo of a person over the skeletal remaining parts, specialists can check whether the facial highlights line up with the anatomical highlights, permitting them to distinguish a casualty. On account of John Wayne Gacy's casualties, specialists had the option to utilize facial recreation to recognize nine of the bodies found in the creep space. The accompanying realistic shows the facial recon>GET ANSWER