- Define the terms broad-spectrum and narrow-spectrum antibiotics. List factors that determine which antibiotics are ordered. List the advantages and disadvantages of each.
- Hospitalized patients frequently require antibiotic therapy. Identify a patient in the clinical setting who is receiving antibiotic therapy. Describe three common adverse reactions that can occur related to the patient’s antibiotic therapy. Develop nursing interventions that would be implemented to assess for the common adverse reactions related to antibiotic therapy.
Haraway; who explore these philosophical concerns that can be applied to museology. Herbrechter asserts critical posthumanism emerges out of, but also sits alongside poststructuralism in order to account for contemporary turns and new materiality. Herbrechter explains this through ‘the fragmentation and pluralization of the human principle (as a result of the dissolution of traditional boundaries between human and animal, or between superhuman, subhuman and inhuman) energizes a critical rereading of humanist reading.’ The consideration of new materiality is one of the key drivers of object-oriented ontology. Along this line, Morton advocates humans should make absolute and dramatic alterations in re-considering relationships with nonhuman actors and ecologies. Furthermore his notion of ‘Hyperobjects’, has reconsidered how certain objects are untied to specific spatial and temporal moments, in being so fluid and dispersed. This term of reference is useful when considering whom the museum is for through expansions of museum spaces. Utilising research within an object-oriented ontology avoids considering the posthuman as literally ‘post¬–’ human; in simply reducing this field to transhumanism; progression of human species to technological and digital entities. Hayles’ assertion of posthumanism is that information is prioritised over materiality. This essay averts this understanding because posthumanism dialogues have changed since these earlier first-wave contributions to the field; which also opposes this study’s object-oriented ontology. Whereas museologists with leanings towards posthumanism include Arndís Bergsdóttir, whose analytic case study critiqued the ‘Bundled up in Blue’ exhibition at The National Museum of Iceland. Bergsdóttir’s comprehensive text contributes to the cyborgian and feminist posthumanism field, influenced by Donna Haraway, however this case study feels more relevant to contemporary discourse because of its treatment of materiality. Furthermore, literature by Sandra Dudley and Elaine Gurian implicitly suggest notions of posthuman museological practices. Gurian advocates for the importance of congregant spaces to overcome ‘Threshold Fear’ for humans accessing museums. However, using the means of a structured toolkit arguably limits the scope to explore and question further possibilities for museums as congregant spaces. This is something which artist Hito Steryl expands on, by calling for museums to be treated as cities, thus expanding how we consider who museums are for. Dudley asserts the need for a return to object-led materiality, in that humans benefit from sensory and emotive responses to objects. Dudley critiqued Eileen Hooper-Greenhill for not placing enough importance on materiality. Consequently reconsidered by Hooper-Greenhill within ‘Museums and the Interpretation of Visual Culture’, in moving from earlier ideas of museums as spaces for learning, to a more object–centric stance. Journalism and articles provided useful examples for this study in widening>GET ANSWER