Construct an argument to answer ONE of the following three questions:
1- Identify one of the religions covered in this course that emphasizes behavior/deeds over adherence to creeds/beliefs/spiritual experiences in our current era. Then, compare it to another religion that you interpret as emphasizing the opposite, i.e., creeds/beliefs/spiritual experiences over behavior/deeds. Explain the reasons for such possible differences in emphases by exploring underlying sociological and historical themes. What were major world events or cultural developments that may have led each of these religions to emphasize each of these particular aspects over the other?
2- Although Buddhism and Hinduism share similar beliefs, their approaches to the self, or the ‘soul’ are very different. Explain the metaphysical and practical distinctions between anatman and atman, and how these concepts tie into each religion’s unique approach to the sacred (god/gods) and the path to salvation. Make sure you specify which branches of Buddhism and Hinduism your analysis is tackling.
3- What is the meaning of the word Jihad in Islam? Select two distinct sects of Islam and explain key differences/similarities in the interpretation and practices of this term. What role, if any, does Jihad serve in the sects you have selected, in today’s world? How has this role changed from previous historical time periods and/or how has it remained the same?
since the Industrial Revolution, and we still cannot see an end to it. Coal industry is one of the biggest sources of industrial pollution, such as the fossil fuel power plant. Increase in industrial pollution emitted into our environment has led to a sudden increase in the accumulation of heavy metals in soil and water all over the world and this has disrupted the biochemical cycles and food webs. Coal played an important role during the Industrial Revolution. In the Industrial Revolution of the 19th and 20th centuries, it was primarily used to power steam engines, heat buildings and generate electricity. Even now, coal is still playing a vital role in generating electricity worldwide, currently fueling around 37% of global electricity. Ever since the Industrial Revolution, our environment has continuously been contaminated by the toxic airborne pollutants and heavy metals that were being emitted from the usage of coals. During the Industrial Revolution, the emission of black smoke from burning coal were up to 50 times higher than what is being emitted now. During that time, the industrial cities had darkened skies due to unregulated coal burning, and the air quality was terrible. The ashes of coal blackened buildings and clothing, and the health of people declined. But no one knew about the consequences of burning coal and people depended on it too much for income and wealth, so no one raised any concerns. Right now, we have more knowledge about the numerous negative ways coal impacts on the environment. Currently, the economic interest of the coal industry is to keep the public ignorant about the negative effects coal has on Earth. People are only thinking about the interest of profiting from coal and are willing to do anything to make sure that their reputation is not damaged in any way. Currently, our society all directly or indirectly benefit from having very low electricity costs. But then if we actually think about it, we would be spending more money on trying to recover from the damages we have caused on our environment than spending money on overall electricity bills or transitioning into using new renewable resources. So why do we still end up using coal as one of the main sources for producing electricity even when we know the negative effects it has on our environment? Two reasons that comes to mind are because of how coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on Earth, and it is relatively very cheap. Also, coal provides a stable source of energy, unlike oil. There isn’t a lot of economic or political problems regarding coal. Coal has too much of an impact on people’s daily lives. If we do not have electricity, we practically cannot do anything. So, there will >GET ANSWER