(a) Structure of assignment and assessment task

There is one coursework to be submitted, embedding the reflective task (Part A) and the applied analytical task (Part B).

After integration of all tasks, your paper structure should look as follows (recommended word count):

Section #1 – Part A – Reflection (450 words)
Section #2 – Part B – Chosen company and its Sustainability Offerings (350 words)
Section #3 – Part B – Relevant literature (400 words)
Section #4 – Part B – The chosen company’s Sustainability Stakeholders (200 words)
Section #5 – Part B – Sustainability Benchmark (500 words)
Section #6 – Part B – Recommendations for Managers (100 words)
Section #7 – Conclusions (100 words)
Section #8 – References’ list
Section #9 – Appendix from Seminar Diary Notes (900 words)
Section #10 – Other Appendices [optional]

Part A
The seminars’ case studies discuss an aspect of sustainable production, consumption or innovation, for either a selected industry or product domain. In this
part A, students are asked to write a reflective piece about the material discussed in the seminars.

The specific task for Part A is as follows:

1. Each week, please search for examples of the sustainability issues in your daily life, which are connected to the specific theme and case study of the
weekly seminar. A question at the end of the seminar case study will guide you regarding what aspects to reflect. Create a diary of your observed examples.
2. The diary notes should count about 100-150 words/week. Attach all diary notes as appendix to your final coursework submission. There are 6 case
studies for reflection, thus the appendix from the diary notes should not exceed 900 words.
3. For Section #1 (recommended word count: 450) – Answer the following question and make use of the diary notes appendix:

“Discuss how and why concepts of the sustainable and circular economy are difficult to put into practice in our consumer society.”

Part B

The lecture sessions provide you with concepts, readings and examples of sustainability as business.
In this part B, students are asked to engage in case research relating to a company of their choice. The chosen company must either offer ‘Green
Technology As Products’ or engage in ‘New Business Models for Sustainability’, as defined and discussed in the lecture.

The questions to be discussed in Part B are as follows. Please always apply your considerations and discussion points to the chosen company (recommend
word count):

For Section #2 (350 words) – Discuss and classify how the offerings (products, services, procurement or business model facilitation) of your chosen company
specifically focus on environmental sustainability. Make use of the company’s Annual Report or its Sustainability Report, and cite such reports where used.
Answer this question:

1. What is the company’s approach of making profit from sustainability?

For Section #3 (400 words) – Refer to about eight focused literature sources to explain how the selected company may best pursue sustainability for its
offerings. Use the literature section also to define the concepts used or applied therein. You may use journal articles retrieved from

For Section #4 (200 words) – Identify various stakeholders connected to producing or consuming the relevant products or services and discuss their interests
in the company’s efforts for corporate social responsibility

For Section #5 (500 words) – Sustainability benchmark – Pick two selected graphs embodying documented data from the chosen company’s sustainability
report, press releases or any other report of the company. Answer the following questions on the reported data:

1. How could the two graphs be improved and better used for the purpose of comparing the company with its competitors? (competitors meant as
companies being in the same industry)
2. Present an improved version of the graphs which reveal more detailed or more accurate information in an intuitive way. Do not just change the graphical
style/colours etc. but make meaningful changes to the kind of graph itself.
3. Which other companies (either within same industry or within same product/services domain) would be suitable for comparison. Justify with industry-
specific challenges, challenges for making a sustainability offering or other suitable factors related to environmental sustainability or CSR.

Paper #6 (100 words) – Recommendations for Managers

This section is to give brief but insightful business recommendations for managers. (Recommendations for research and academic purposes are not
required in this assignment.)

Paper Section #7 (100 words) – Conclusions

Conclude what your paper has found from the selected and appraised company example. State how these conclusions compare to, or inform literature

Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.