Business Plan in IL related to a new service provided by pharmacist that will improve patient care and health outcomes in a specific area of Illinois.
My idea is to add a new service provided by pharmacist in retail in IL as a new law passed that allows pharmacist to prescribe certain HIV meds. See below:
Illinois House Bill 4430, which allows pharmacists will allow pharmacists to dispense and administer drugs, order laboratory tests, and consult patients on HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and post-exposure prophylaxis medications.1 was signed into law on June 10 by the Illinois General Assemblyand has an immediate effect in Illinois, according to a press release from State Senator Mike Simmons (D-Chicago).
“This law will effectively cut down on wait times and provide life-saving care to thousands of Illinoisans,” Simmons said in a statement. “Doing so will especially help reduce new HIV infections among cisgender Black women, LGBTQ+ people, Latinos, and those who lack health insurance.”1
The bill, which aims to reduce new HIV infections and amends the Pharmacy Practice Act, will allow pharmacists to dispense and administer drugs, order laboratory tests, and consult patients on HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and post-exposure prophylaxis medications.1
Pharmacists will have to complete educational training on the administration of these services before being permitted to offer them to patients.1 Pharmacists also need to have a standing order from a physician or from the county health department that allows them to offer care to patients who are seeking HIV care and medication.2
Under the bill, patients who need another prescription for the medication must undergo lab tests to determine whether there is still a risk for infection or if they are HIV-positive.2
“Far too many people in Illinois lack regular access to a doctor,” Simmons said in the statement. “Increasing access to these medications through community-based pharmacies will save lives.”1
Additionally, the bill applies to Illinois’s Medicaid program as well as other payers, and states that patient care services ordered and administered by a pharmacist will be covered and reimbursed at no less than 85% of the rate that the services are covered and reimbursed when ordered or administered by physicians.3
Health care plans will provide coverage for the services provided by a pharmacist if the pharmacist meets the requirements in the Pharmacy Practice Act, the health plan provides coverage for the same services that are provided by other health care professionals, the pharmacist is included in the health plan’s network, and the reimbursement has been negotiated between the pharmacist and the health plan.3
According to the synopsis of the bill, it amends the Illinois Public Air Code by providing provisions concerning coverage of patient care services should apply to all patient care services, instead of patient care services for hormonal contraceptives and consultations only.3
The bill passed in the Senate 37-12 with 10 Senators who did not vote, and it also passed in the House 72-30 with 12 Representatives who did not vote.2
The law will be effective January 1, 2023.
It is estimated that the law will help to reduce new HIV cases by up to 90% by 2030, according to the AIDS Foundation of Chicago.1
Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell.
In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.
God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.
Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.
To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.
Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.
Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies, 4(8), 487.
Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.