Find a business-related story from your case study log or another source (since you only have 2 stories so far)
Write a business-related ethical dilemma (Example: Should the CEO of Nestle allow forced child labor at the farms where it sources its cocoa? OR Should the Nestle CEO hire a third party to monitor its supply chain to ensure that forced child labor does not occur?)
Pretend that you are a utilitarian and resolve the dilemma: What are all of the categories of people affected by the short term and long term consequences of the act? How many people are in each category? On a scale of 1-10, what is the intensity and duration of their pleasure/pain/utility? Do the math to find out the net maximization of pleasure or minimization of pain.
t back up his argument along with some value laden claims that make this argument more personal to him. He starts his argument with his first difficulty “One is that the perfection of artificial incubation may make the foetus viable at any time.” With this premise, he discusses the problem with artificial incubation which is defined as “the maintenance of an artificial environment for an infant, especially a premature infant”. In this premise, Noonan states that artificial incubation is not 100% successful and that there are complications that can occur during pregnancy such as a preterm and post term baby, where they don’t come out at the expected time. Another premise that Noonan uses to back up his conclusion is that “A being who has had experience, has lived and suffered, who possesses memories, is more human than one who has not.” This relates to the idea that some people believe that foetuses aren’t “real” human beings because they haven’t experienced or possessed memories like we do, hence they believe that foetuses aren’t human beings and are not as important, which could cause someone to consider an abortion. The third premise that Noonan states is the “appeal to the sentiments of adults”. This premise is based more on emotional attachment to the foetus. He expresses an example that A person will grieve differently for a newborn child vs a child that has lived for a few years. What this premise says to me is that people believe that because the child hasn’t lived as long as, say, another child, then that newborn has little to no significance in comparison to the child who has lived longer. The problem with this premise is that you can’t measure someone’s grief for a person. There is no scale as to which you can determine how intense someone’s grief is whether it’s a newborn child or an older child. Who’s to say that the parent would grieve unequally for a certain child compared to another? A 4th distinction that Noonan provides is the “sensation by the parents”. What this premise explains is the physicality of a foetus. He explains that the foetus is only perceived as human once it has been expelled from the mother where he/she can be seen and felt physically; this means that if the parents can’t feel or see the embryo physically, it’s not perceived as human/significant to them. This premise also ties along with his second premise where in this premise he expresses the importance of physicality vs his second premise where he expresses the importance of experience to the real world. We can see that most of the problems with abortion has to do with the fact that people do not believe that foetuses are human beings but rather nonexistent until it becomes physical. The last distinction that Noonan provides is “social visibility”. What Noonan explains in this distinction is the communication of foetuses. He states that “It cannot communicate with others. Thus, both subjectively and objective, it is not a member of society.” The problem with this premise is that foetuses rather do communicate with the outside world. Later along the pregnancy, you see the visual appearance of a baby’s kick, which can provide some communication to the outside world. It can be physically felt by the mother, therefore I provide a rebuttal to this premise that foetuses can communicate with the outside world. Most of Noonan’s premises are based around the idea that most people believe that foetuses are not actual human beings, that they cannot be felt, communicated with, or seen physically. Most difficulties with abortion has to do with the physicality of the foetus. Noonan concludes that “If humanity depends on social recognition, individuals or whole groups may be dehumanized by being denied any status in their society.” What this conclusion expresses is the blindness of abortionists, and that they specifically only depend on social recognition which can be argued sufficiently. We can see that Noonan sides with anti-abortionists and that this argument was mainly to inform his audience on why people choose to have an abortion. Although he doesn’t give his own personal bias in his premises, he concludes with a strong personal value laden claim. “Why abortion is Immoral” by Don Marquis. In this article, Marquis concludes with the statement that Abortion is immoral. Compared to Noonan’s argument, Marquis’s seems to have more emotional premises than logical ones.>