Case: Operation Ghost Stories: Inside the Russian Spy Case. (2011)
This case is one of the choices students can use as a basis for their final project.
Review the case you have chosen for your final project. Submit an analysis of the American justice system. Include an overview of the case you have chosen and address the following questions regarding the American justice system in bullet point format.
- Identify the implications of the procedural laws when mitigating both domestic and international crime. How do the legal requirements involved in processing a case impact the ability to combat criminal activity?
- What rights and responsibilities do American citizens have according to procedural laws?
- How does the enforcement of procedural laws differ when applied to people who are not legal U.S. citizens?
- According to the American justice system, what are the rights and responsibilities of people who are not U.S. citizens?
Use elements of the case you have chosen, and any additional resources necessary, to illustrate the impact of citizenship on the investigation and prosecution of a criminal according to the American justice system.
When the President approved the Consolidated Appropriation Act, construction of approximately 100 miles of new border were began. Even with the high-tech wall, its effectiveness is still challenged. Statistics have shown that Mexico “ceased to be the route of choice for those seeking to enter the United States and remain illegally. Increasingly, the easiest path into the country has been to arrive on a legal visa and then simply remain after the period of admission has expired.” (Aiden, 2017, p 487). The main perpetrators of illegal immigration are in fact visa overstayers. Employment in the United States of illegal immigrants has been a sensitive issue with the citizens of this country. Big penalties exist for citizens who do not verify the eligibility of their workers. Congress has mandated the use of the networked database called E-Verify. Anyone who wants to work in the United States needs to have a background check and be entered in the E-Verify work authorization system by employers. This program confirms eligibility within minutes. Border Patrol after 9/11 On the morning of September, the 11th 2001, the U.S. Customs and Border Patrol functions were put to the ultimate test. In the midst of chaos, the organization stepped up with other federal agencies to secure the nation. Operation Safe Passage was formed requiring an increase in Customs officers at all important ports of entry. This was a daunting time. Agents were working over 18 hours a day. Seven days a week to inspect flights and cargo from ships coming into the United States. Within days, things intensified with President Bush and Congress creating the Homeland Security office as well as the Homeland Security Act which required provided Border Patrol with more power to enforce customs, immigration and agricultural laws. The changes entailed seizing contraband, greater powers in determining admissibility, apprehending illegal immigrants, and “protecting our agricultural interests from pests and diseases and collecting duties and fees” (Remembering, 2017). The Customs and Border Patrol is a multi-facet organization that constantly is on the lookout for child exploitation, goods and drugs smuggling, and the detection and prevention of terrorism. With any one of the millions of visitors coming to the United States each day, it seems like a relentless never-ending task. Luckily for the citizens of the nation, Border Patrol is equipped with the manpower, technology and undying patriotism of defending the nation and constitution of the United States. Just months after the heinous terror attack, Border Patrol implemented the Container Security Initiative Program which focused on determining the safety of containers from foreign ports before they reached the United States. This was accomplished by sending Agents to host countries and working closely with foreign governments. This program proved to be so successful that it now is operating at over 80 ports in multiple countries (CSI, 2014). The Customs and Border Patrol has many hurdles to overcome. They have the unique job of staying vigilant while at the same time, appear welcoming.>GET ANSWER