- The following attributes are measured for members of a herd of Asian elephants: weight, height, tusk length, trunk length, and ear area. Based on these measurements, what sort of similarity measure from Section 2.4 (measure of similarity and dissimilarity) would you use to compare or group these elephants? Justify your answer and explain any special circumstances. (Chapter 2)
- Consider the training examples shown in Table 3.5 (185 page) for a binary classification problem. (Chapter 3)
(a) Compute the Gini index for the overall collection of training examples.
(b) Compute the Gini index for the Customer ID attribute.
(c) Compute the Gini index for the Gender attribute.
(d) Compute the Gini index for the Car Type attribute using multiway split.
- Consider the data set shown in Table 4.9 (348 page). (Chapter 4)
(a) Estimate the conditional probabilities for P(A|+), P(B|+), P(C|+), P(A|-), P(B|-), and P(C|-).
(b) Use the estimate of conditional probabilities given in the previous question to predict the class label for a test sample (A = 0, B = 1, C = 0) using the naıve Bayes approach.
(c) Estimate the conditional probabilities using the m-estimate approach, with p = 1/2 and m = 4.
Why We Believe Horoscopes GuidesorSubmit my paper for investigation horoscope essayLiving in the 21st century implies living in the period of innovative miracles, permitting individuals to do things that would be viewed as enchantment a century back. TV, the Internet, mobile phones, space flights, shot trains, computer generated reality, and holographic and three-dimensional pictures are only a few models exhibiting the unimaginable mechanical advancement humankind has made during late decades. At the same time, numerous individuals despite everything have faith in ungainly and in some cases silly marvels, similar to superstitions, enchantment, crystal gazing, etc. Particularly this proposal alludes to crystal gazing; albeit numerous individuals guarantee horoscopes for their zodiac signs are "totally obvious," science demonstrates it is just a matter of discernment. In the event that you have ever perused a horoscope for the zodiac sign you were brought into the world under, you more likely than not saw that occasionally "expectations" about your character qualities, way of life, connections, or vocation can by one way or another appear to be precise. Luckily, this doesn't imply that far off stars and planets some way or another influence your fate; considerably more likely, in such cases, you are encountering what is known as the Barnum Effect. For the most part, the Barnum Effect (additionally called the Forer Effect) implies individuals' inclination to take obscure and summed up qualities of themselves as precise and honest (Paranormality). Or then again, at the end of the day, it implies that individuals acknowledge qualities that can apply to numerous individuals as close to home and precise just for themselves. Here is a mental trademark made out of the announcements utilized by the American clinician Bertram Forer in the analysis that demonstrated the impact. He furnished every one of his understudies with the accompanying content, and every one of the understudies remembered it to be their exact mental trademark: You have an incredible requirement for others to like and respect you. You tend to be disparaging of yourself. You have a lot of unused limit which you have not made advantageous for you. While you have some character shortcomings, you are commonly ready to make up for them. Your sexual change has displayed issues for you. Restrained and self-controlled outside, you will in general be troubling and uncertain inside. On occasion you have genuine questions regarding whether you have settled on the correct choice or made the best choice. You lean toward a specific measure of progress and assortment and become disappointed when stitched in by limitations and constraints. You pride yourself as a free scholar and don't acknowledge others' announcements without palatable evidence. You have thought that it was impulsive to be excessively forthcoming in uncovering yourself to other people. On occasion you are outgoing, approachable, friendly, while at different occasions you are withdrawn, watchful, held. A portion of your desires will in general be truly unreasonable. Security is one of your significant objectives throughout everyday life. (Forer) As should be obvious, the announcements above can be pretty much applied to nearly anyone. No compelling reason to state that horoscopes for the most part comprise of expressions that to a critical degree look like (or even rehash) those in the displayed content. Now and then, horoscopes can be totally precise. For instance, a Gemini author may peruse that their sign is inclined to composing and additionally scholarly work. In any case, such cases are either incidents (only one out of every odd Gemini, all things considered, is an essayist, or if nothing else gifted recorded as a hard copy), or represent an individual's capacity to discover particularities in dubiousness. Crystal gazing and horoscopes ought not be trusted. Albeit a portion of the forecasts may appear to be staggeringly precise, this is a deception brought about by the quirks of how our brains work. Individuals will in general acknowledge summed up qualities as exact and relevant to themselves; this is known as the Barnum (Forer) Effect, and it is liable for making use consider horoscopes to be something sound. References "Barnum Effect." Paranormality. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2014. Forer, B.R. (1949). "The Fallacy of Personal Validation: A Classroom Demonstration of Gullibility." Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology (American Psychological Association).>GET ANSWER