- Fill in the table below to compare and contrast glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation, citric acid cycle, oxidative
phosphorylation. I have filled in pyruvate oxidation using the information in section 7.3 and figure 7.7 as an
- The reactions of the Calvin cycle used to be referred to as the “dark reactions” of photosynthesis implying
that light was not required. However, experimental evidence demonstrates that in the absence of light the
Calvin cycle shuts down. Why does this happen?
- Brown fat is a type of adipose tissue that is most abundant in infants and hibernating animals. Brown fat
mitochondria have proton channels located in their inner membranes. What effect does the proton channel
have on oxidative phosphorylation in brown fat cells? Why would this be beneficial to hibernating animals?
frica has grown to be a complex continent with a long, enticing history. Much of this history defines how Africa functions today. By looking at the past economic, political, social, spiritual and cultural factors, we can determine why the continent operates the way it does currently. Africa’s economy has always consisted of trade and crafting as its main factors. Most trade in early Africa was done locally, due to difficulties with transportation. Citizens would often trade fish for vegetables, for example. Iron and copper were also commonly traded. However, there were methods of long distance trade that allowed high value goods to be passed along. Long distance trade was carried out by caravans that mainly consisted of camels. Salt was one of the most traded goods. It was regularly traded for grain and gold. Humans were also traded to work as slaves throughout the continent. Since long distance trade was usually reserved for more high value goods, citizens had to become very innovative crafters. Metalwork, clothes and other crafts were often traded within communities. Crafting certain goods was often a hereditary skill, passed along within family groups. Africa’s political system started with the formation of chiefdoms and kingdoms. Some kingdoms got their start by using long distance trade to tax the goods that passed through their territory. They used the wealth gained from taxes to build up armies, and chiefs were>GET ANSWER