Cisco, Windows, and Linux password hashes

let’s look at the Cisco, Windows, and Linux password hashes in the list below.
What is a password hash?
RedHat and Cisco passwords are salted while Windows passwords are not. What does that mean?
What are some software tools that can be used to crack password hashes?
Are there any websites that can be used to crack passwords?
If you can crack any of the passwords, post your findings.
Again, this is not intended to be an extensive assignment. You shouldn’t have to spend a lot of time to answer the questions.
Finally, what do you feel are some best practices to avoid having your own personal passwords cracked? Note: If a word is listed before the hash, that is the username being provided.
Cisco Type 7
08224D42001F0A051C020D
0832595C0F1C17
Cisco Type 5
$1$mERr$hx5rVt7rPNoS4wqbXKX7m0
Windows
eagles:””:””:B100E9353E9FA8E8E72C57EF50F76A05:476788B1A5DA9EA8BAD2DE16328E77D7
tom:””:””:5C9059611FF9BC49AAD3B435B51404EE:5F0D3E40FCEFCE47C87142D85AE024C8
bill:””:””:3A087C6FAED6FB70AAD3B435B51404EE:FA0447F7AC1156CB8A2F87245348C566
cookie:””:””:C1E93C824B1CFAA8AAD3B435B51404EE:8969A961103AF73FCC0748E43C5FF7F2
elmo:””:””:D30164DE174649CAAAD3B435B51404EE:E894D1C5CF0D494266F598B3E133AB54
ernie:””:””:C34A2BD1F1E1138DAAD3B435B51404EE:2908DAB3584EDD2460A02E9BDF604E9F
luke:””:””:0FB2BA42035F6B70AAD3B435B51404EE:4B43CB4B09E7F914A0AF81DBCC4B7256
vader:””:””:92FFF08D536C01DEAAD3B435B51404EE:B1739F7FC8377E25C77CFA2DFBDC3EC7
Linux:
jabba:$1$EOOf8aCq$CxX.EjJzy8B8cNm1pXL6Y0:17568:0:99999:7:::
root:$1$F1mYtUEn$DBQd0.FMl0rS8thGYKbMt0:17568:0:99999:7:::
r2d2:$1$lC0W.dhB$osdsuKbdzk1Ifkj3fJHeH1:17568:0:99999:7:::
c3p0:$1$k70QiSfi$fNmJmF2kA3WV9agV9Hfwa.:17568:0:99999:7:::

Sample Solution

ACED ESSAYS