XYZ corporation produces circuit boards for cell phones and related communication products. Its fabrication plants exist in two U.S. locations – Phoenix, Arizona, and Harrisburg, Pennsylvania – but its supply chain extends to three continents. At this point XYZ has 835 employees at its fabrication locations, and 35 additional sales and purchasing staff supervised from an office in Chicago. The 23 members of the sales staff are dispersed across three continents, while purchasing staff reside in Chicago. Most of those in overseas locations are home country nationals, the majority in China and India.
In recent years the company has confronted a number of problems involving “over selling’”. Sales staff, working on individual commissions that often result in $300,000 incomes frequently promise product to customers that is outside the company’s ability to provide. In a recent case two sales staff teamed to sell 750,000 units to a customer in Europe. It was clear to them at the time that the company would not be able to fulfill the contract in the time frame the customer demanded; however, when questioned by the VP the staff said that, “In the past we have always operated this way, in fact we were told to operate this way, and the company would either find a way to make it happen or negotiate different terms with the customer at the point when it was clear we couldn’t make it happen.”
In truth, their assertion was correct. The company had frequently played this game with production staff and customers. The result was certainly discomforting to production employees, who found that production schedules placed significant burdens on their personal lives given the involuntary overtime required by the promises. In addition, customers seldom could find other alternative sources for the product given the patents XYZ had created and will maintain for the next 15 years. Consequently, the company had lost little business over the long run by allowing these sales practices, which everyone understood to be dishonest.
Company profits have always been above average for comparable firms in the industry, and shareholder satisfaction with company management – measured by an independent research firm – is at an historic high.
There is no “ethics function” within management at this point. The CEO has decided to consider creating such a function. You are the HR Director. You have been asked to create a set of recommendations to deliver to the C-Suite concerning the following issues.
1.Should there be a discrete “Ethics Officer” and, if so, to whom should the office report? Alternatively, should the ethics function be established within an existing department (such as Finance, HR or Legal)?
2.What process should XYZ use to create a code of ethics related to the types of issues represented by the sales problems created by “over promising” to customers?
In both cases explain your answers. Also support your recommendations based on material from the required readings in this Lesson. In supporting your recommendations, use appropriate APA citations. Your submission should be between 750 and 1000 words.
Weight Weight is quick turning into a genuine scourge in the United States due somewhat to dietary patterns and physical idleness among Americans. As per the Center for Disease Control, Seventy-three percent of grown-ups and 43 percent of all youngsters in the United States are overweight or large. Among African-Americans 20 years and over, more than 66% are overweight or large (Gaines, 2010). For the most part, the rate of overweight and stoutness are higher for African-American and Hispanic ladies than Caucasian ladies, higher in the south and Midwest and increments with age (Ogden et al., 2014; Gregg et al., 2009; Sherry et al., 2010). As indicated by the World Health Organization, weight record (BMI) of a fat individual has a worth more prominent than or equivalent to thirty. Type 2 diabetes and hypertension are two illnesses that at last influence African Americans and this is dominatingly brought about by an expansion in weight as those additional pounds inclines an individual to these maladies (Gaines, 2010). Stoutness is one of the essential hazard factor for heart infections, diabetes and various malignancies and these are real reasons for death in American today. The wellbeing ramifications of heftiness and the difficulties related with it is progressively winding up more adverse than cigarette smoking and has accordingly turned out to be one of the major preventable reasons for death around the world. This examination paper centers around the short history of corpulence; this will take stoutness from its disclosure more than 2000 years to this present day. A comprehension of the BMI order, aetiological determinants, pathophysiology and wellbeing impacts is significant if weight commonness will be reduced. Moreover, the financial effect of weight the executives on the United States economy will be investigated. At long last, its treatment choices, anticipation and patterns of the malady will be talked about. HISTORY OF OBESITY The Ancient Greeks were the first to recognize heftiness as a wellbeing issue and this was additionally perceived by the Ancient Egyptians along these lines. As indicated by Hippocrates, rotundity isn't just a sickness itself, however the harbinger of different maladies (Haslam and James, 2005). Hippocrates which was the Ancient Greek Father of Western prescription recognized stoutness in his work and subtleties of different illnesses including diabetes was first given by him. Another Indian specialist Sushruta, additionally found the relationship between corpulence, diabetes and heart maladies and he was the main individual to discover the noteworthy signs, side effects, causes and wellbeing suggestions. In the Ancient days, man dependably strived for nourishment because of shortage or starvation and this brought about corpulence being viewed as an indication of riches and favorable luck in the middle age. Be that as it may, this changed when the logical society of the twentieth century uncovered the medicinal ramifications of corpulence (Caballero B., 2007) With the beginning of the modern upheaval, body size and quality of officers and specialists wound up appropriate as this was ascribed to the military and monetary intensity of Nations (Caballero, 2007). The expansion in the normal weight record from underweight to the typical on the BMI diagrams assumed a significant job in the advancement of industrialized social orders (Caballero, 2007). Hence in the nineteenth century, there was an expansion in weight and stature for the most part. In any case, during the twentieth century, the hereditary possibilities for tallness was come to and this came about to weight expanding more than stature in this century and along these lines brought about the normal increment in BMI (Caballero, 2007). In human development, just because, the quantity of grown-ups with overabundance weight surpassed the quantity of the individuals who were underweight which further prompted heftiness (Caballero, 2007). The impression of people in general as respects sound body weight fluctuated from those viewed as typical in the western culture, yet this recognition was changed in the start of the twentieth century. There was a decrease in the weight seen as typical since 1920s and this was apparent by the 2% expansion in normal tallness of the Miss America exhibition champs and a 12% abatement in weight between year 1922 and 1999 (Rubinstein and Caballero, 2000). Likewise, the impression of the vast majority as respects sound weight has changed, for instance in Britain the weight at which individuals respected themselves to be overweight was extensively higher in 2007 than in 1999 (Johnson and Wardle, 2008). Stoutness is still viewed as a sign of riches and prosperity in numerous pieces of Africa and this has turned out to be progressively across the board since the HIV pestilence started (Haslam and James, 2005). Weight INDEX (BMI) CLASSIFICATION As per the World Health Organization, Body Mass Index (BMI) is a basic record of weight-for-tallness that is ordinarily used to group underweight, typical weight, overweight and corpulence in grown-ups. It is characterized as the weight in kilograms partitioned by the square of the tallness in meters (kg/m2) (W.H.O. 2004). For instance, a grown-up who weighs 60kg and whose stature is 1.65m will have a BMI of 22.0. BMI = 60 kg/(1.65 m2) = 60/2.72 = 22.04 Fit BODY MASS Fit Body Mass is a part of body creation, it is determined by subtracting muscle to fat ratio weight from complete body weight. All out body weight is fit in addition to fat. In conditions: LBM = BW - BF Fit Body Mass equivalents Body Weight less Body Fat LBM + BF = BW Slender Body Mass in addition to Body Fat equivalents Body Weight Slender Body Weight (men) = (1.10 x Weight(kg)) – 128 ( Weight2/(100 x Height(m))2) Slender Body Weight (ladies) = (1.07 x Weight(kg)) – 148 ( Weight2/(100 x Height(m))2) Perfect Body Weight (men) = 50 + 2.3 ( Height(in) – 60 ) Perfect Body Weight (ladies) = 45.5 + 2.3 ( Height(in) – 60 ) Weight Index = Weight(kg)/Height(m)2 The table beneath further clarifies the characterization of BMI in connection to the weight and tallness of a person.>GET ANSWER