Some people use others to commit their crimes, all the while pretending to be law-abiding citizens or untouchable by law enforcement. We see them at all levels of societies: political leaders like Adolph Hitler, who order ethnic cleansing, and those like Charles Manson, who use others to perform nefarious deeds for them. Should these persons be held to a different standard than those who willingly carried out the crimes? Should crimes against women and/or children be considered more serious than crimes against men? The last crime to be added to the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) by the Department of Justice was arson. Are there other crimes that you would add to the UCR? Why?
In this Discussion, you are asked to examine criminal behavior in terms of its depravity. Which crimes appear to be the most serious? Is shooting someone less depraved than stabbing and beating a person to death? Why? Do you believe that punishments should fit the crimes committed? Consider the focus of the Depravity Standard and be prepared to discuss your thoughts on the seriousness of crimes.
Navigate to the website for the depravity scale listed in the Learning Resources.
Examine the information given on the “About the Research” page concerning the Depravity Standard.
Read through the Learning Resource about classifying crimes by severity.
Participate in the study by logging in (it is a free site).
Complete the survey regarding the seriousness of different crimes.
In what ways have the types of crimes evolved?
Should sentencing of offenders be based on the relative depravity of their crime?
What are potential problems in collecting and/or incorporating such findings in sentencing laws?
Sleep paralysis has generally been accepted as the experience of falling asleep or waking up and being unable to move (Sharpless & Doghramji, 2015). Eyes are typically the only portion of the body that is capable of movement and the person is considered to be fully conscious. While the person suffering from sleep paralysis is able to breathe, difficulty breathing is also associated with this disorder (French & Santomauro, 2007). During the REM sleep cycle, the body is paralyzed in order to keep the sleeper from acting out dreams. Supposedly during an incident of sleep paralysis, a person becomes conscious during the REM cycle. This disturbance to the sleep cycle leaves the sleeper somewhere between waking and dreaming (Cox, 2015) This juxtaposition between being awake enough to be afraid, but unable to move is known to be disorientating and frightening. This altered state of mind is of interest to researchers and often results in hypnagogic or hypnopompic hallucinations, both auditory and visual. While the sudden atony is enough to create distress in the sleeper, the hallucinations are primarily responsible for the great distress associated with sleep paralysis. These hallucinations are typically viewed as threatening or bizarre because sleep paralysis hallucinations often revolve around the presence of a threatening figure (Girard, 2013). They have been described as being intruders, strangers, spirits, vampires, or demons, but other hallucinations attached to sleep paralysis are nightmarish animals, objects, and shapes. Auditory hallucinations include footsteps, opening doors, opening windows, or whispers. In some cases, incidents of sleep paralysis can leave sleepers afraid to sleep or fearful for their lives (Kompanjie, 2008). While the direct cause of sleep paralysis is still unknown, some studies have connected sleeping in a supine position leading to higher rates of sleep paralysis (Cheyne, 2002). Sleep paralysis has also been linked to panic disorder, PTSD, and anxiety (Cheyne & Girard, 2007). The History of Sleep Paralysis Sleep paralysis is a fairly unique disorder because it is thought there have been recorded instances of it for hundreds of years. It has long been connected to the succubus, with the earliest reference to this creature being Lilith (Cox, 2015). Lilith, or Lilitu, has been discovered on the Sumerian King list of 2400 B.C. In the Jewish tradition, Lilith was Adam’s first wife who fell from favor>GET ANSWER