In Donald Pizer’s essay “Stephen Crane’s ‘Maggie’ and American Naturalism” (posted in the Week 4 Modules folder), he writes: “Crane … is a naturalistic writer in the sense that he believes that environment molds lives. But he is more than this, for his primary concern is not a dispassionate, pessimistic tracing of inevitable forces but a satiric assault on weaknesses in social morality. He seems to be saying that though we may not control our destinies, we can at least destroy those systems of value which uncritically assume we can. If we do this, a Maggie … will at least be saved from condemnation and destruction by an unjust code.” Do harmful moral standards exist today in American social life? What are they and, if they are so harmful, why does society continue to obey them? Using Crane as a model, write a satirical sketch in which you use exaggeration and irony to attack a particular unjust moral code that exists in contemporary society. Include a brief statement at the end that describes how your understanding of naturalism and your reading of Crane’s “Maggie” influenced your sketch.
The last pathway declares that companion objection to liquor makes it increasingly likely that understudies forgo liquor or expend less of it in the event that they are around friends who don't drink (Borsari and Carey,2006). Because of liquor not being a fundamental piece of your friend relationship liquor utilization is brought down. Social support is energized by companions shunning liquor on the grounds that not drinking is viewed as a positive reinforcer. Research by Cotner (2002) surveyed understudies' inspiration for avoiding liquor. Discoveries had demonstrated that religious impacts or past negative liquor encounters from their companions would impact different understudies not drink liquor since it was not appropriate. The teetotalers would expel themselves from the liquor based understudy condition (Cotner, 2002). In connection to friend impacts this exploration demonstrates that a companion's choice to go without liquor could affect different friends and along these lines, they don't expend as much liquor. This influences understudy drinking as it demonstrates an alternate story to understudy drinking since liquor isn't generally the focal point of friend and social collaborations in college understudies. The nature of companion connections in social orders/clubs at college can likewise impact liquor utilization as this is a piece of college culture. Research given by (LaBrie et al., 2007) laid out that there are two principle persuasive friend bunches in the school setting in America. These may impact drinking society as these sororities and organizations are progressively associated with over the top liquor utilization (LaBrie et al., 2007). Along these lines, UK college sports clubs have been found to devour large amounts of liquor (Partington et al., 2012). Extreme liquor utilization is significant in college sports groups as it is viewed as building up a feeling of having a place (Clayton and Humberstone, 2006). In this way, it very well may be said that liquor influences understudies' liquor utilization since liquor is engrained in college culture and to an extraordinary degree in clubs and social orders (Partington et al., 2012). Also, college sports clubs that are in the UK who get liquor industry sponsorships connect more in risky drinking conduct than unsponsored college sports clubs (O'Brien et al., 2014). In this way, it tends to be contended that it is a social standard and influences college drinking as these games groups are urged to drink which may lead into negative impacts like enemy of social conduct. They are fortified in a positive manner by picking up sponsorships and are commended for it, as it is a 'laddish' thing to share in hazardous liquor conduct (Dempster, 2011) Liquor utilization through pre-drinking is when understudies drink enormous amounts of liquor before they go out to their headliner so as to evade high liquor costs at bars (Zamboanga, Schwartz, Ham, Borsari, and Van Tyne, 2009). Companion connections are a vital piece of pre-drink settings, so understudies expend more liquor than ordinary (Eastman, 2002). Numerous understudies take part in pre-drinking exercises as it is a shabby method to get alcoholic quicker, it improves gathering holding and along these lines the positive social experience that understudies receive in return (Wells et al, 2008 as sited in Marsh, 2018). This influences college understudies drinking as research has discovered that understudy drinking is receptive to liquor occasions (Magill, Kahler, Monti and Barnett, 2012), additional understudies are slanted to go to pre-drinks on the grounds that the pace of participation has been related with liquor accessibility (Zamboanga et al., 2012). Be that as it may, negative impacts are related with in light of the fact that pre-consumers have an improved hazard in the probability of liquor harming and power outages, because of the over the top measure of liquor devoured before going out (Wells, Graham, and Purcell, 2009).>GET ANSWER