According to the text, crime has been part of the human condition since people began to live in groups. Ancient documents indicate that conduct we now call murder, theft, or robbery was identified as criminal by civilizations that existed thousands of years ago. Criminal laws regulate human conduct and tell people what they can and cannot do and, in some instances, what they must do under certain circumstances. In this assignment, you will explore different types of criminal conduct and the goals of criminal law.
Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you:
Determine whether or not the Ex Post Facto Clause can be used as a defense to prohibit the increase in federal minimum/mandatory sentencing guidelines after a federal defendant has committed the crime. Provide a rationale to support your position.
Explain the distinction between criminal, tort, and moral wrongs. Next, support or criticize the premise that the standards set by moral laws are higher than those set by criminal law.
Identify and discuss the differences between solicitation of another to commit a crime and a conspiracy to commit a crime. Next, support or criticize the use of the unilateral approach to conspiracy convictions.
Identify the four (4) goals of criminal law, and discuss the manner in which these four goals effectuate the purpose of protecting the public and preventing the conviction of innocent persons.
Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar types of websites do not qualify as academic resources.
The above declaration could be evaluated via considering the context of zero hours contracts inside the united kingdom. 0 hours contracts are a kind of employment agreement which do not offer a guarantee of labor and are often used by employers to cover busy intervals, sickness or vacations (Chartered Institute of employees and development [CIPD] 2018). those contracts have allowed companies to continue to operate correctly throughout these periods and have also been permitting and benefitting individuals, inclusive of students, to are trying to find flexible operating alternatives around their different commitments (Gov.united kingdom 2015; Elliott 2013). it's miles anticipated that there are presently 1.8 million people (6% of employment contracts as at November 2017) inside the united kingdom on zero hours contracts (workplace or national statistics [ONS] 2018). Of this population, the demographics of the employees maximum probable to be on 0 hours contracts consist of girls (54.7%) and people aged between sixteen-24 (36%) (ONS 2018). zero-hour contracts are also greater commonplace in industries which include management and support offerings, and lodging and food: each of that are reliant on less expensive and flexible labour (ONS 2018). studies has discovered that workers on 0-hour contracts frequently do no longer have the identical employment rights or blessings as different employees within the enterprise, and this could include issues consisting of lower wage prices and no unwell or holiday pay entitlements (Boxall and Purcell 2016; Elliott 2013). zero-hours contracts can consist of these rights, however the capability for corporations to phrase those contracts to avoid these arguably points to the economic focus of these contracts in terms of ways agencies are aiming to reduce fees via using more bendy methods to the employment of people (Boxall and Purcell 2016; Elliott 2013). the issue of flexibleness associated with 0-hour contracts is strongly related to the opportunity for monetary flexibility for agencies in terms of cyclical traits which may additionally occur inside the accommodation and meals enterprise and the want to reduce and boom personnel tiers as a consequence (Rees and Smith 2017; Boxall and Purcell 2016). whilst a business has a fiduciary obligation to fulfil its financial responsibilities, those responsibilities also perform a moral responsibility in phrases of how it meets these (Crane and Matten 2015). This moral obligation can also consist of the duty of the business to provide employment, however the provision of this employment may be based upon the modern monetary conditions and this will cause this provision to be related to decreased costs of pay and running hours (Fryer 2015; driver 2007). For a few organizations with low earnings margins and hence needing to undertake tight price controls, this selection-making might also only bear in mind the economic sports, and this may undertake an approach primarily based on moves which can be felony however do now not pass beyond its fiduciary duties (Fryer 2015; Fisher et al 2013). This narrow recognition may consequently fail to recollect the impacts of its activities on a broader range of stakeholders and might therefore be perceived as immoral because of the forget about of regions which include employment equality and opportunity (Fryer 2015; Fisher et al 2013). The development of ethical and philanthropic responsibilities beyond those of its financial and prison requirements are underpinned through models including Carroll’s CSR pyramid (Crane and Matten 2015; Carroll and Buchholz 2011). For problems such as zero-hour contracts, whilst the decision to apply these may be based upon monetary duties, they are additionally part of the legal obligations of the commercial enterprise and ethical duties, such as the ones to associated with employment rights (Blowfield and Murray 2011). these employment rights encompass proper to freedom from discrimination (equal opportunities); the proper to truthful wages (pay) and the right to work (honest treatment) (Rees and Smith 2017; Blowfield and Murray 2011). the focus on the monetary perspective may cause corporations appearing both illegally and unethically through failing to deal with troubles which includes employment regulation or equality amongst its employees (Boxall and Purcell 2016; Fisher et al 2013). at the same time as these perspectives monitor a alternate-off between monetary responsibilities and prison and/or moral ones, some agencies may additionally pick to undertake activities which are each moral and criminal, even when they may be not obliged to achieve this (Fis>GET ANSWER