Data
Type of plate: Flat Plate ______________________________________________
Temperature, T = 20__
Density of water, ρ= 998__ kg/m3
Diameter of nozzle, d = 0.010 m
Area of nozzle, A = m2
Mass of jockey, m = 0.60 kg
Weight of jockey, W = m ∙ g = __5.886
N Recall, a Newton = (1 kg ∙m)/s^2
Distance from center of vane to pivot of lever, y2 = 0.15 m
Distance from the center of jock weight, y1 (input in table below for each trial).
Height of vane tip above nozzle (fixed), h = 0.035 m (35 mm)
Angle of direction of fluid change (see Figure 3.1), β=90
° Mass of water, m (kg) Time, t (s) Distance y1 (m) Mass flow rate, m ̇ = m/t (kg/s) Velocity, v= m ̇/ρA (m/s) Deflected Velocity, v_o= √(v^2-2gh) (m/s) Momentum, m ̇v_o 4.99 18.43 0.023 4.99 12.44 0.051 4.99 10.35 0.073 Average Theoretical Force, FT F=m ̇v_o (1-cos β) Measured Force, FM (Solve by ΣM about the pivot of lever) Data Type of plate: ________Hemispherical Cup_______________________________________
Temperature, T = 20____
Density of water, ρ= _998 kg/m3
Diameter of nozzle, d = _0.010
m
Area of nozzle, A = _ m2
Mass of jockey, m = 0.60 kg
Weight of jockey, W = m ∙ g = _5.886
N Recall, a Newton = (1 kg ∙m)/s^2
Distance from center of vane to pivot of lever, y2 = 0.15 m
Distance from the center of jock weight, y1 (input in table below for each trial).
Height of vane tip above nozzle (fixed), h = 0.035 m
Angle of direction of fluid change (see Figure 3.1), β=__180
°
Mass of water, m
(kg) Time, t
(s) Distance y1
(m) Mass flow rate, m ̇ = m/t
(kg/s) Velocity, v= m ̇/ρA (m/s) Deflected Velocity,
v_o= √(v^2-2gh)
(m/s) Momentum,
m ̇v_o
4.99 11.00 0.131
4.99 11.19 0.133
4.99 9.75 0.165
Average
Theoretical Force, FT
F=m ̇v_o (1-cos β) Measured Force, FM
(Solve by ΣM about the pivot of lever)
11/18/2020 Order 331401203
For the Results Section of the Report:
Create a plot of Theoretical Force vs. Momentum (the grid above is for a sketch). Draw a best fit line through
the points. You can plot all plate types on one graph.
For the Conclusion of Report:
What is the relationship between Force and Momentum?
Explain the term (1- cosβ). What does it tell you about the magnitude of force being deflected?
What is the percent error of the measured force to the theoretical force? Be sure to explain sources of error is
necessary.

Sample Solution