Q. 1. During the Second World War, Germany’s factories were decimated. It also suffered many human casualties, both soldiers and civilians. How did the war affect Germany’s production possibilities curve?
Q. 2. What assumptions about the economy must be true for the invisible hand to work? To what extent are those assumptions valid in the real world?
Q. 3. Are differences in geography behind the differences in absolute advantages?
Vandalism negatively impacts community garden not only from direct food loss, but also it destroys other plants that are not ready for harvest and discourages people’s incentives to be involved in community garden program. Usually resource inputs of low-income families for food production account more compared with middle and up class families and they heavily rely on the harvesting for their fresh vegetable and fruits consumption. Hence, vandalism hurts them more than others and they just cannot afford the risk (Peace crops). Under-representation of cultural barrier Vancouver is a place filled with a great variety of people with diverse cultural background, which makes equally representation of different ethnicity by community gardens become extremely important. However, there is little work that has been done to foster multiple racial diversities in gardens. Research founds that community gardens tend to be ethnically homogenous, even in areas where the surrounding neighbourhood is demographically diverse due to geographic, linguistic, and cultural barriers. Thus, community gardens may not feel inclusive and welcoming. In some cases, community gardens even act as culturally defensive spaces where a particular group is dominant. In New York City, gardens tend to be clustered around single cultural group, likely at least in part due to spatial segregation. Indeed, even Baker’s documentation of diversity within Toronto’s community gardens showcased gardens dominated by a single ethnic or racial group (Seto, 2009). Instead of community aggregation, homogenous dominant community garden may cause segregation and the rights of minor groups cannot be appropriately represented which exacerbates the food security issues that marginal groups encounter. Under-representation of class barrier While community garden provides the resources to attain quality food, low income families may not have the time and resources to maintain a garden (Peace crops). Hence, low income families can still encounter food insecurity even though they have lands to grow. In summary, Vandalism and lack of general representation terribly prevent community gardens from successfully addressing food security issues since they lead to lack of incentives of participating and growing, and it exacerbates food insecurity encountered by marginalised people. Inclusive community garden is a new idea that is being adopted as an alternative approach. It can effectively address problems that community garden encounters and thus provide a better solution for the food security issue. What it means to be inclusive (Lowcock, 2014) The most popular themes that emerge from both guidelines and local community gardens include: Engagement and community, communication and policy, design and location, sustainability, and empowerment. Engagement and Community The essential part of the community garden process is emphasizing the active connection between community organizations and neighbours in person. However, perceptions about the purpose and role of community gardening in neighbourhoods may differ based on cultural norms. Hence, effective communication such as multiple language and face to face engagement is the key to accurately identify the role of Community Gardens in Vancouver and successfully develop inclusion of the community.>GET ANSWER