Diabetes

Order Description

Ms. Blake is an older adult with diabetes and has been too ill to get out of bed for 2 days. She has had a severe cough and has been unable to eat or drink during this time. She has a history of Type I diabetes. On admission her laboratory values show:

Sodium (Na+)

156 mEq/L

Potassium (K+)

4.0 mEq/L

Chloride (Cl–)

115 mEq/L

Arterial blood gases (ABGs)

pH- 7.30; Pco2-40; Po2-70; HCO3-20

Normal values

Sodium (Na+)

136-146 mEq/L

Potassium (K+)

3.5-5.1 mEq/L

Chloride (Cl–)

98-106 mEq/L

Arterial blood gases (ABGs)

pH- 7.35-7.45

Pco2- 35-45 mmHg

Po2-80-100 mmHg

HCO3–22-28 mEq/L

references should be 5yrs or less

What is the etiology of Diabetic Ketoacidosis?
Describe the pathophysiological process of Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Identify the hallmark symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Identify any abnormal lab results provided in the case and explain why these would be abnormal given the patient’s condition.
What teaching would you provide this patient to avoid heart failure symptoms?

 

Sample Solution

ACED ESSAYS