Write a 9-page Socratic Dialogue (or a Dialogue with Confucius, using Socratic Method) where he identifies three fallacies during a discussion.
). This suggests the lower levels of crime in New York City were not due to the broken window theory. Another theory similar to broken window concept is that of situational crime prevention. Clark (1983) defines the theory in his book as removing any opportunity for delinquents to commit a crime. Clarke believes this way is easier than trying to reform the delinquents. An example of trying to remove opportunity is developing secure products for example, manufacturing cars to be more difficult to steal (Clarke and Newman, 2005). A lot of the literature in this section is modern and can still be used in today’s society. However you do have to be cautious of the reliability of statistics as many may not be accounted for. Youth and Crime Youth crime has been a big problem in society for a number of decades; it can be argued that youth crime is far worse than it was in the past, on the contrary it can be said that the use of mass media has amplified youth crime. Harries (1974) notes that from using the statistics from the criminal victimization in the United States, that the age group of twenty-four year olds made up fifty-three per cent of all arrestees in 1971. However he also notes that this statistic can be manipulated as some cities have a lower median age than others. This can be seen in Charleston, South Carolina where the median age is 22.4 compared to Tamp-St. Petersburg where it is 37.8 according to metropolitan area statistics. Other academics are also unsure on the reliability on statistics. This can be seen in the statistics for youth criminal violence. According to statistics, youths are most likely to commit violent crime (Savoie 1999; Shalloo 1937; Stevenson et al. 1999). According to Stevenson et al. (1999) violent crimes committed by youths had doubled in the past decade. However, as Rutter and Giller (1984) argued earlier in the policing of crime topic, Stevenson et al. also debates this rise in figures could be due to the increase in reporting crime. This could make the literature unreliable as academics cannot be sure what the statistics were for youth crime centuries ago due to the more efficient way of reporting crime. This can also be seen in the broken window theory that was earlier explained, as fights at school are more likely to be dealt with police instead of the headmaster which then results in them becoming a “justice statistic” (Stevenson et al. 1999). Felson and Boba (2008) note how from the 1960s there was a wider range of opportunity for youths to commit crime. This is due to the shift in the workforce whereby women were now seen to be working. This creates an opportunity for youths as they are no longer supervised in the afternoon after school. This also meant that teenagers were now using public transport to get around – this increases their offending risk as well their victimization risk. Brantingham et al. (1991) use a case study from Vancouver whereby teenagers would use the Skytrain to the car park building in order to break into cars. In parliament soon acknowledged youth crime and saw the importance of disciplinary towards the young (Goldson and Muncie 2015). The a>GET ANSWER