Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) should not exist in a Country that promotes a “Justice is Blind” philosophy. This philosophy holds justice as impartial and objective. Sadly, DMC statistics do not support justice as being blind in America.
• Research an article or event that illustrates an instance of DMC in your community. If you are unable to locate an instance of DMC in your own community find an instance in another part of the country.
• Summarize the article.
• Provide an analysis that identify the methods used to measure the extent of this DMC.


Sample Answer

Sample Answer


Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) in the American Criminal Justice System

In the United States, the concept of justice being blind is ingrained in the legal system as a principle of impartiality and fairness. However, the reality of Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) challenges this notion, shedding light on the systemic disparities faced by minorities in the criminal justice system. DMC refers to the overrepresentation of minority youth, particularly African American, Hispanic, and Native American individuals, at various stages of the juvenile justice system compared to their white counterparts.

Article Summary

One striking instance of DMC can be observed in a recent study conducted by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) in the city of Chicago. The study revealed alarming statistics showcasing the disproportionate contact minority youth have with law enforcement compared to white youth. Despite similar rates of offending behavior across racial groups, African American and Hispanic youth were significantly more likely to be stopped, arrested, and detained by police officers.

Analysis of Measurement Methods

The methods used to measure the extent of DMC in the ACLU study included:

1. Data Collection: The study collected data on police stops, arrests, and detentions involving youth from different racial backgrounds. By compiling quantitative data, researchers were able to identify patterns of contact between law enforcement and minority youth.

2. Comparative Analysis: Researchers compared the rates of police interactions between minority youth and white youth. Disparities in contact rates at each stage of the justice system were carefully examined to assess the presence of DMC.

3. Statistical Analysis: Statistical methods such as regression analysis were employed to determine the likelihood of minority youth being involved in the criminal justice system compared to their white counterparts. This allowed for a quantitative assessment of the disparities present.

4. Qualitative Interviews: In addition to quantitative data, qualitative interviews with affected individuals provided insights into their personal experiences with law enforcement. These narratives highlighted the subjective impact of DMC on minority youth.

By utilizing a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, the ACLU study effectively highlighted the pervasive nature of DMC in Chicago and underscored the urgent need for systemic reforms to address these disparities.


The existence of Disproportionate Minority Contact contradicts the foundational principle of justice being blind in America. Instances like the ACLU study in Chicago serve as poignant reminders of the systemic inequalities embedded within the criminal justice system. Addressing DMC requires a multifaceted approach that includes policy reforms, community engagement, and ongoing research to ensure that justice is truly blind and equitable for all individuals, regardless of their race or ethnicity.




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