In order to operate as a taxi driver, drivers must obtain limited ‘medallions’ issued by the city. These permits are very expensive, in some cases costing about $200,000. In addition, drivers and their vehicles must meet costly safety requirements that cut into their profits. With the advancement of smartphones, people can now request a driver to take them from point A to point B. These drivers use their private vehicle to operate like a taxi. 1. Distinguish between a competitive market (i.e. perfecVmonopolistic competition) and a noncompetitive market (monopoly). What characterizes each market structure? What are some positives and negatives about each? In the case of taxis, what are the barriers to entry? 2. According to the articles you read, what are the arguments provided by taxi drivers for why ride sharing services need to be monitored? What do ride sharing services such as Uber and Lyft argue in defense? Make reference to the articles in your essay; state the title of the articles. 3. In your opinion, should ride sharing services be allowed to operate freely without having to meet the same requirements as taxi drivers? Or should the government step in treat Uber and Lyft like a taxi company and require them to bid for one of the limited ‘medallions’ in a city? Is this a case of unfair competition? Or unwanted competition?
What is implied By the Term Globalization, and How Does It Have an Impact on the Practice Of Architecture? Presentation In any time of progress, banters on clashing philosophies regularly command dialogs. The battle to adjust frequently brings about molding the social, political, monetary and social ideal models. In building setting and urban outlines, much has been contended on the belief system of innovation and traditionalism and, all the more as of late, on globalism and regionalism. These belief systems have been implicitly recognized, yet their practices have frequently been considered non-acclimating. To adequately contend "for" a belief system, for example, globalism, one needs to contemplate the results and effects in light of winning proof, and in addition think on restricting perspectives. In the accompanying talk, the specialist will examine globalization and its effect on engineering with reference to different compositional styles that are viewed as worldwide and declare that globalization has decidedly influenced structural styles of the world. Dialog Globalization is an umbrella term that alludes to a mind boggling and widespread marvel that has influenced differed measurements including financial aspects, legislative issues, science, history, topography, condition, culture, administration, worldwide relations, and expert practices and so forth. Contingent upon the setting it is utilized as a part of, globalization can be characterized as "the developing reliance of the world's kin … a procedure incorporating not only the economy but rather culture, innovation, and administration. Individuals wherever are getting to be associated influenced by occasions in far corners of the world." United Nations Development Program (1999:1). From this definition, one comprehends that globalization isn't just a wonder that is comprehended and increased in value by Western societies however it is likewise quick getting to be implanted in different areas of the world. Globalization has an overwhelming impact over all parts of open and private life (Kiggundu 2002). Therefore, it isn't astonishing that it has multiplied to building rehearses too. To comprehend the impact of globalization on engineering, one needs to first comprehend the impact of culture on design. As indicated by Lewis (2002), structural history is loaded with developments of restricting social and tasteful assorted variety, which frame the reason for engineering logic and outline belief system. This is on the grounds that administrations, organizations and individuals of countries around the globe are the primary backers of compositional outlines and styles, which they use to symbolize their manage and personality. In this manner, the Romans built up the eminent open air theaters and sanctuaries with the view to delineate their domain's loftiness (Lewis 2002). The established Roman structural outlines focuses to the dominion of its kin who have been the determinism of order and estimations of the Roman culture (Tzonis, Lefaivre and Stagno 2001). Besides, one additionally watches that the traditional Roman style of design delineates social administration. This pattern of social impact over structural plan isn't detached ever. Amid the nineteenth and twentieth century, to build up their characters in settlements they set up, the French and English had controlled the structural styles of numerous districts of the world including China, South East Asia, Africa and America. Amazing outlines, which have been produced and set in these locales, talk about their pilgrim administer and evolving arrangements. As to social dominion, Metcalf (1989 qt. Wright ) expresses, "Overseers trusted that saving conventional status-progressive systems would brace their own particular superimposed pilgrim arrange. Draftsmen, thus, recognizing that protection from new structures is regularly in view of affections for well-known spots, attempted to summon a feeling of coherence with the nearby past in their outlines." (Wright 9) After the two World Wars, financial decrease and ascent of national universalism prompted free enterprise. European and American draftsmen, as per Lewis (2002), defied the elegance and requested another administration for universal outlines to be embraced with the new mechanical, innovative, social and political request; henceforth, developed the innovator style. Innovation, as indicated by Ibelings (1998), framed the reason for working, amid the post-war time. Current engineering advanced with confidence in reason. It presented the idea of internationalization in engineering, whereby outlines of workplaces, schools, clinics and lodging have been founded on multifunction. This style, nonetheless, has been quick supplanted by postmodernism in which ideas are determined to all around acknowledged belief systems. The post-current style has turned out to be more predominant, halfway as a result of the disintegration of innovation and mostly in light of the fact that innovation couldn't pass on the dialect of individuals who occupied structures and houses worked by present day modelers. Structures are to work as vehicles of thoughts and exercises inside it (Ibelings 1998). They have to mirror the tasteful and motivation of the general population who live in it. It is amid this post-present day period that rose the idea of universalism to express and oblige images of mechanical advancement, national advance, monetary coordination and internationalization. Thus, amid the late twentieth century, a rush of design styles developed that mirrored the period of globalization. This universal style rose which had been synonymous with institutionalization, systemization, large scale manufacturing, utilitarian rationale and economies of scale. The new practical kind of compositional plan has embraced the worldwide culture of business and outline. The worldwide structural style triumphed over the noteworthy established as it depends on the method of reasoning of universalization. The worldwide modelers contend that the elaborate structures amid the cutting edge age outperform its established, constructivist, pioneer and provincial partners since it encourages the vernacular articulation and enables territorial and tasteful motivation to coordinate into outlines (Umbach and Bernd 2005). The worldwide purchasers show their desires and philosophies are affected by advertise openings, business plans, institutionalization, establishments, and brands. Structures are portrayed by high rises, towers, shopping centers and marked structures. The Petronas Towers, Sears Towers, World Trade Center, Shanghai World Financial Center and Canary Wharf, for instance, all delineate consumerism and universalism. Therefore, the worldwide structural style has come to rule the worldwide field. The worldwide design style has additionally come to impact the building practice. As engineer firms take into account worldwide markets, they extend to benefit from far away markets, despite the fact that the lion's share are situated in the Western nations. They construct their outlines in light of a general system of globalization and post innovation. They are more affected by the nearby societies. Their outlines frequently reflect both, the neighborhood components and general plans. Oriental structures, for instance, are frequently in view of Feng Shui standards, despite the fact that the landmark depends on innovative and present day design. Likewise, tall structures in the US will have utilized glass, hardened steel and such metals, which portray the country's mechanical past. While the above talk portrays a positive picture of globalization and its impact on design style, there are contenders to it too. Against worldwide powers, for example, humanists, assert that globalization has killed what is basically social of a place. By presenting useful, institutionalization and open space urbanism, urban communities of the world have supplanted their verifiable horizon with revolting steel and cement. Besides, the endeavors to institutionalize and systemize have destroyed social character that is the embodiment of a country or state. Rather, today building plans are overwhelmed by political administration and financial predominance. Structures of today, similar to the Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Dubai Airport and Thai Airports, all appear to have a place with one style. Shopping centers over the world, for example, reflect comparable usefulness, without humanism or social personality. All things considered, their contention can't prevail upon the way that worldwide plans have reason and help in preservation of the earth through compelling use of spaces. It is this new style gives home spaces without trading off land utilize (Scarpaci 2005; Umbach and Bernd 2005). Conclusion From the above discourse, unmistakably globalization has emphatically impacted engineering practices and styles. It mirrors the way of life of modernization, systemization, institutionalization and useful rationale. It additionally portrays social combination, harmonization of spaces and general consumerism. Most likely, the established school of thought thinks about globalization of engineering as encroachment over uniqueness and social personality. All things considered, they should battle that globalization has in reality mitigated confinement through vernacular plans. The author battles that globalization has supplanted the individual tasteful and social uniqueness. One should likewise recognize the way that globalization has "mass created" engineering that once had been a calling of independence and unparalleled abilities. However, globalization has profited more through imaginative and useful engineering styles, when contrasted with the traditional structures that advantages a couple of gathering of high elites as it were.>GET ANSWER