Down Syndrome is another genetic disorder. Why is the Punnett Square not a good tool for predicting if offspring will have Down Syndrome? Why does the risk for Down’s Syndrome increase with maternal age?
uld be said that demands for illicit drugs substances could be attributed to price elasticity, and other factors that could determine the price could be market factors other than price can contribute to drug demand shift. But the price may be associated with the relationship between the quantity and quality of drug demanded as shown in the drug market curve, as each action influences changes in price.(Market for drugs, National Research Council. 2010). Moreover; it could be argued that, increased price of illicit drug as a result of increased risk, will reduce the competition and consumers will have a choice of using heroin, cocaine or switch to alternative cheaper drugs like cannabis, amphetamine-type stimulants, and other readily available synthetic substance, or alcohol which can be obtained at shop without restriction. The availability of alternative drugs as indicated above is a challenge on policies aimed at drug reduction, as most of these items like the cannabis can be cultivated indoors at any location regardless of climate and other factors that placed the production of opium or Cocoa leaf to a particular geographical area. The use of price and purity to determine the consumption level by addicts will not be realistic. Furthermore, increased risk do not deter drug traffickers, rather it will increase the price of illicit drug, and the demand will then push the supply higher than usual causing the traffickers to make more profit. According to international Journal of Scientific research publications volume 4, issued 11 November 2014, estimated that the drug shipped across Europe by the traffickers to end users and around the globe has tripled across Europe, Davin (2000) suggested that cocaine traffic might shift its base to West African due to increased demand in Europe, as new routes are being sourced by the traffickers to emerging illicit drug market. The report by UNODC (2007), made a remark that even if the entire drug supply source are to be eliminated, either at the source or traffic routes, there will be a lot more drug addicts that will be looking for alternative way to satisfy their drug addiction (UNODC: World Drug Report 2007). However, this argument has also proved that increase risk will not only increase the price, but it will not deter a hardliner drug addict to quite its habit According to Antonio (2008), the large consumption of Cocaine by the Europeans countries, which he estimated to be around 4 million people, using about 36 thousand kilograms of the trafficked drug each year (2006) made it difficult for a price shift, as the increase of risk will definitely affect the price. The traffickers will do all it can take to get the drugs to its final destination, as traffickers tend to move to different routes and dealers will move to different new areas to avoid law enforcement apprehension. These approaches of diffusion make traffick>GET ANSWER