Write a research paper on Drug Courts. It will provide the background (e.g., informative material) and also summarize evaluation research that has helped determine the effectiveness of the policy/program (e.g., persuasive material). The paper should be 8 pages in length for each section (excluding title and reference page). The Informative Section must provide the reader with a synopsis of the policy/program’s history, purpose, goals, target population, and activities/elements. Thus the paper must include the information: a. A brief description of the scope of the problem the policy/program is trying to address. This will involve finding data (statistics) on &quot;how many&quot; people/cases on a national level there are; b. A discussion of the history of the program including where and when it was created. If a particular incident or case inspired the creation of the program, it should be discussed as well; c. A discussion of the purpose or goal(s) of the program/policy (i.e. what it is designed to accomplish) and who or what it is targeting; and d. A thorough discussion of the elements of the program, including activities or actions designed to accomplish the program’s goals (i.e., describe in detail how the program/policy is implemented) The Persuasive Section must summarize a selection of empirical studies that have evaluated whether or not the program has achieved its stated goal(s)…in other words, this paper should answer the question does the program/policy work? In this section of the paper, a minimum of three empirical studies that have evaluated the effectiveness of the program or policy must be summarized. Each study must include the following information: a. state the research question examined; b. Describe the population examined; c. Summarize what data were collected and how they were obtained; d. Summarize the findings (e.g., did the author(s) find evidence that supports it); and e. Note any significant limitations to the findings. Failure to include the proper citation and/or failure to properly paraphrase the material constitutes plagiarism. Sources must be in the USA and range from 2007-2018.
Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell.
In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.
God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.
Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.
To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.
Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.
Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies, 4(8), 487.
Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.