For this portion of your paper and assignment, you will be identifying a theory that may be used or has been
used to explain your topic ( GANG ) . Use the literature to do this. You should examine journal articles as well
as your textbook ( Michael Tonry (Ed.) (2009). The Oxford handbook of crime and public policy. New York:
Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0-19-984465-4) Once you have identified the theory, you must first explain
the tenets of the theory. For example, if you are applying Routine Activities theory, you must discuss Cohen
and Felson’s original theory and the convergence between motivated offender, lack of guardianship, and
available target. You must then discuss how the convergence of these come together to create crime.
Remember you MUST use the literature to define your topic. This is one section of the paper that your books
will be useful in writing your paper. I also recommend using other resources just not introduction to criminology
or criminal justice textbooks (i.e., Siegel).
Once you have identified and explained your theory, you should apply it to the topic/subject. You must use the
literature to apply the theory. For example, find an article where researchers have already used your topic to
test a particular theory. This will include a discussion on the causes of the crime. For example, if I am using a
biological approach to explain violence, I could argue that damage to the frontal lobe could cause an individual
to have low impulse control, thus when placed in certain situations they may be more likely to respond in a
violent impulsive manner than someone who does not have damage to their frontal lobe. Similarly, if you are
writing on violence and you are applying a structural-cultural theoretical perspective, you may use the following
Oliver, W. (1989). Sexual conquest and patterns of black-on-black violence: A structural-cultural perspective.
Violence and Victims, 4(4), 257-73. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.indstate.edu:2048/login?
National character can be characterized as one's personality or feeling of having a place with one state or to one country specifically. The Oxford English Dictionary characterizes National Identity as the feeling of a country as a brought together entire, as spoke to by recognizing customs, culture, language and governmental issues. National Identity may allude to the emotional inclination one offers with a gathering of individuals about a country, paying little respect to one's legitimate citizenship status. National Identity is seen in mental terms as "a familiarity with contrast", a "feeling and acknowledgment of 'we' and 'they'." National Identity is in this way those particular highlights that imprint out an individual a nationality. In this exposition, I will basically examine how National Identity is spoken to in Jai Zhang-ke's Xiao Wu (1997). This is a Chinese film accordingly I will talk about how Chinese National Identity is spoken to in this film. The film was discharged and set in 1997 China at where the Chinese chief Deng Xiaoping had as of late given control of government to the third era of initiative drove by Jiang Zemin. During the mid-1990s, China had started to encounter exponential financial development in spite of outside exchange embargoes. Jiang Zemin's macroeconomic changes encouraged Deng's vision for "Communism with Chinese Characteristics." However, simultaneously of this monetary development, Jiang's period saw a comparable ascent in social defilement in all circles of life. Joblessness was at its top as unfruitful state-possessed organizations were closed down to clear a path for progressively focused undertakings. The ineffectively overseen social welfare framework was put on a genuine test. Heaps of different occasions were happening in China at this stage including logical and innovative headways, for example, space travel. Gigantic infrastructural development work was going on. This incorporated the development of the Three Gorges Dam and ecological contamination was just because turning into a significant issue in Beijing. In 1997 Hong Kong, which had been a settlement of the United Kingdom for over a century and a half was come back to China with orderly exhibition. This was the setting for Jai Zhang-ke's Xiao Wu (1997) which is the subject of this Essay. Jai Zhang-ke's film is situated in Fen yang, a little commonplace town said to be in the backwaters of Shanxi region. Jai Zhang-ke experienced childhood in this community. The lead character in the film Xiao Wu is an individual from a group of pickpockets in the territory. As the film advances he seems to get one of the more seasoned and progressively develop individuals from the group the same number of his associates proceed onward to different things. One of his previous pickpocket companions, Jin is getting hitched and decides not to welcome Xiao Wu to his wedding as he wouldn't like to be related with his previous co-criminal companion. Xiao Wu coasts around, troubled about this disloyalty, yet attempts to change his ways as despite everything he keeps on going about with his pickpocketing way of life. He gets himself a sweetheart, a whore called Meimei who seems, by all accounts, to be keen on him yet anyway drops him when she discovers somebody better. Xiao Wu at that point visits his poor family yet winds up getting into a contention with his folks over their utilization of his ring which he had recently purchased for Meimei as a blessing to his sibling's life partner. He gets kicked out of the family house and he takes steps to never return. Toward the finish of the film he is captured and the final appearance ever to be made by him is the point at which he is cuffed to the light post in the road with a censuring swarm watching him judgementally. Toward the start of the film, we have seen that there is a gigantic clampdown on wrongdoing in the territory. It, hence, pursues that Xiao wu makes some intense memories in front of him. In the primary scene of the film, we see arbitrary observers sitting tight for a transport in what appears to be a narrative style of shooting. These characters speak to the normal residents of China obliging their regular daily existences. We at that point get a similar shot, yet nonetheless, this time it is of Xiao Wu remaining at a bus station sitting tight for a transport. We notice a processing plant which is out of sight of the shot. During the 1990s the Chinese economy was growing quickly because of mass privatizations and free enterprise and the opening of the nation to remote ventures without precedent for present day times. Organizations from different nations were hurrying to assemble manufacturing plants in China to exploit low work and other generation costs. As expressed before as of now private enterprise was being acquainted with China after a long time of socialism. In 1997, a great deal of the Chinese populace were low paid specialists which educated their relative neediness. The film appropriately portrays the National Identity of China at this phase of the 1990s as appeared by the poor way of life of the individuals amidst stimulated monetary action. When Xiao Wu jumps on the transport he will not pay the transport toll. He lies by demanding that he is a Policeman. Now in China's history being a Policeman conveyed a solid feeling of power and in reality conjured dread. We can see that however the Bus Conductor didn't completely trust Xiao Wu's anecdote about being a Policeman he would not take the risk of causing the Policeman's rage if without a doubt Xiao Wu went out to truly be a Policeman. He, hence, leaves and Xiao Wu pulls off not paying the admission. It is apparent hence that during the 1990s there would have been critical outcomes following from culpable a Police Officer. The Chinese society is organized on 'Confucianism'. Confucianism depends on the lessons of the Chinese researcher Confucius who lived from 551BC – 479BC. 'Confucius built up an arrangement of between dependent connections—a structure wherein the lower level offers acquiescence to the higher (stretching out from the family level to the national). Therefore, Chinese culture will in general give a lot of worship for power and age (however not really true, particularly in a changing present day China).' A significant component of Chinese National Identity is appeared here as exemplified by the dread and stunningness of power which had its underlying foundations in Confucianism. In the transport, as Xiao Wu endeavors to pickpocket the man that is sitting adjacent to him, the camera changes to a little image of Mao Zedong which is swinging from the back view reflect before the transport. This carries us to the way that China in 1997 was at this point acclimating to its new entrepreneur nature after the finish of the Mao time. Mao Zedong in his numerous long periods of rule over China had accomplished a divine resembling stature according to the Chinese individuals. He was the preeminent pioneer. Seeing in this way Xiao Wu in this scene taking within the sight of Mao Zedong gives off an impression of being ridiculing the nearness of director Mao particularly as of now were the period of his standard had reached a conclusion. This isn't the main time where Mao's legislative issues is derided in the film. When Xiao Wu goes to visit his companion in his shop, his companion's girl is seen playing with a mango. This can be viewed as the portrayal of 'The Mango Fever' – On the fourth of August 1968, Mao had been skilled with some mangoes by the Foreign Minister of Pakistan, Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada in what should be a discretionary motion of kinship. Administrator Mao portrayed the mangoes as an "otherworldly time bomb". Not very long after, Mao had his associate disseminate them to the Mao Zedong Propaganda Teams all through Beijing, starting with the one began at Tsinghua University and from that point an article was distributed in the People's Daily. I Quote: "Toward the evening of the fifth, when the incredible upbeat updates on Chairman Mao offering mangoes to the Capital Worker and Peasant Mao Zedong Thought Propaganda Team arrived at the Tsinghua University grounds, individuals promptly assembled around the blessing given by the Great Leader Chairman Mao. They shouted out eagerly and sang with wild deserting. Tears gushed in their eyes, and they over and over genuinely wanted that our most cherished Great Leader lived then thousand years without limits … They all made telephone calls to their own work units to spread this cheerful news; and they additionally sorted out a wide range of celebratory exercises throughout the night, and landed at [the national authority compound] Zhongnanhai in spite of the downpour to report the uplifting news, and to express their unwaveringness to the Great Leader Chairman Mao." This article shows how the mango turned into a representative natural product in China and the way that a mango has been carefully set in the film likewise speaks to how governmental issues in China has been spoken to in this film. Outside of the two scenes referenced above delineating the Mao period we likewise observe that all through the film numerous individuals are wearing Mao coats. This additionally further epitomizes the National Identity of China during the 1990s. When Xiao Wu visits his companion, they have a talk about the development that is going on all around the town and how the structure where his companions' shop is found will be torn down. This shows the financial change that was happening in China around then and its impact on the Chinese scene just as the progressing industrialisation in the different areas of China. A large portion of the redevelopments that were going on in different scenes in the film were because of the United Kingdom's arrival of Hong Kong to China in 1997. At 12 PM on June 30 to July 1 of every 1997 which is the year wherein this film was discharged, the crown province of Hong Kong was authoritatively come back to China finishing 156 years of British occupation and rule. After an official handover function on the first of July, the province turned into the Hong Kong uncommon authoritative district (HKSAR) of the People's Republic of China. The data of the arrival of China was reported over the towns amplifiers for the town to hear. Xiao wu knows about this when he goes to visit his folks. National character is by and by sho>GET ANSWER