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security, and the state’s cultural and media propaganda machinery” (page 165), as was undertaken in Egypt under Mubarak. While wealth and development are undoubtedly significant in causing a shift towards democratic governance, “authoritarian regimes around the world [have shown] that they can reap the benefits of economic development while evading any pressure to relax their political control. [An example is China’s economy, which] has grown explosively over the last 25 years, [even though] its politics have remained essentially stagnant.” Evidence of this undermines the thesis that economic factors are the most significant. A second possible explanation for some non-democratic regimes outliving others is the importance of cultural and religious factors. As argued by Almond and Verba, there is a certain “‘civic culture’ [which] is necessary for the establishment of democracy, and […] this sort of culture is not easy transferable to non-Western cultures”. The widespread acceptance of state authority and obedience towards civic duties defines the nature of Western culture: for example, the “obeying [of] the laws of the country, paying the taxes levied by the government [or] serving in a jury or as a witness in court”. Almond and Verba argue the Western “mix of parochial passivity and modern participant activism” is only compatible with certain cultures, and could be a factor fixing countries in non-democratic regimes. Some of the most likely explanations for this are likely to be historical religious influences, particularly the influence of Protestantism in the earl>GET ANSWER