1.) Explain what euthanasia is, what active and passive euthanasia are, and then outline James Rachels’s argument that there is in fact no distinction between active and passive euthanasia.
A further measure to ending ethnic conflict is the granting of regional autonomy to restive ethnic groups in an aim to prevent or end ethnic conflict. Yash Ghai defines autonomy as a “device to allow ethnic or other groups that claim a distinct identity to exercise direct control over affairs of special concern to them while allowing the larger entity to exercise those powers that cover common interests” (Committee on International Conflict Resolution, 2000) Between 1999 and 2009 it is claimed new autonomous regions where created. There are vast examples of autonomous regions across the globe, some created by international agreements like Hong Kong via the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984 or the more recent example been the Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland. Autonomous regions can also be created internally, often as a result of inter-ethnic conflict. An example of these internally created federal regions are the autonomous communities of Catalonia and Basques Country in Spain. Yash Ghai, in Chapter 12 of International Conflict Resolution After the Cold War, considers autonomy as a strategy for conflict management. Autonomy is typically seen as a successful model, and up until recently the Spanish federal model could of been regarded as successful and settled – “The Spanish federal system – was once viewed as a model for countries around the world” (Garcia-Mila and McGuire, 2014). However, recent economic challenges have rendered Catalonia’s questioning their share of the deal, with commentators claiming “the largest tax contributors in Spain, view the federal system as blatantly unfair” (Garcia-Mila and McGuire, 2014). Evidently, this is somewhat true seen in the result of December 2017 referendum, now considered illegal. This caused Madrid to withdraw autonomous status from the region and call new elections immediately. However, Catalonia are still without a Premier with the leadership vote postponed>GET ANSWER