1.What happens when we digest a sandwich? Where do starches and proteins FIRST get digested and where does absorption occur in the digestive system? What structures help with absorption or digestion? (8 points).
2.What two events result in the shuffling of maternal and paternal DNA in meiosis? AND What exact stages do they occur in?
3.Do the Punnett squares below to see the chances of getting the desired traits.
R = Fast Reactions and is a dominant allele; r = the recessive allele and gives normal reaction
Consider the genotypes for you (Rr) and your partner (rr), what are the chances your child will have fast reactions? What is the ratio of genotypes for your possible offspring?
4.Compare and contrast spermatogenesis with oogenesis.
- Describe how someone could not pass on a genetic abnormality to their offspring
6.What scientists and experiments helped to demonstrate that DNA was the molecule responsible for heritability and that its structure was a d+ouble helix?
- What is the process for how an insulin protein is expressed? Write about each process involved and the organelles where the steps occur in.
opular pressure was initially applied after 1815 when reform clubs proliferated and labouring families attended gigantic reform meetings. This popular pressure increased at certain times so that changes came rapidly after a slow build-up of pressure. Politicians might try to unite different groups or split their opponents using parliamentary reform issues when opportunities or crises developed to reduce popular pressure. They did this in order to support groups that liked their ideas and to reduce the influence of the opposition groups. The two were important in gaining both reform acts however popular pressure seems more important than political manoeuvring. While popular pressure declined with greater prosperity in the mid-1820s, it had intensified again by 1830 when the poor harvest of 1829 increased food prices and unemployment apparently rose; reform petitions then gained unprecedented numbers of signatures. Furthermore, pressure for reform became most intense once a Whig government had introduced a parliamentary reform bill (a proposal for a law), but it had built up previously and was not just a response to initiatives from leading politicians.On the other hand politicians manoeuvred with and against each other as shown with the disintegration of the Tory leadership who supported the old system in the late 1820s. There was a strong religious side to Tory politics. This already seems decisive and would lead to great political change. The Tory party, which had provided the main resistance to reform, was crumbling as Wellington upset both moderates and extremists in the party. Lacking adequate support by the end of 1830, he had to resign and was replaced by the Whig leader, Lord Grey, who formed a government from not only the Whigs but also from radicals, moderate Tories and ultras. This was a very important cause of the 1st Reform Act. The extent of the pressure and circumstances changed rapidly about 1830 however popular pressure was more important. One such source taken from the times newspaper in May 1832 wrote an article documenting the day of the reform act. The article describes a mass amount of people in attendance stating their “must have been upwards of 200,000 present”. This article tries to emphasis the sheer amount of public support and even goes on to add “in a short time the numbers were still further increased by the arrival of the political unions”. This source seems to suggest that it was largely popular pressure that was leading to >GET ANSWER