A. Evaluate a primary, quantitative research, peer-reviewed journal article (suggested length of 3–5 pages) that has healthcare implications by doing the following:
- Describe how the researcher addresses the following four areas in the selected journal article:
background or introduction (e.g., the purpose of the study)
review of the literature (e.g., research used to support the study)
data analysis (e.g., how the researcher analyzed the data)
methodology (e.g., research type and sampling methods)
- Evaluate whether the evidence presented in each of the four areas of the journal article from part A1 supports the outcome of the study and implications for future research.
- Explain how the protection of human subjects and cultural considerations were addressed by the researcher, using specific information from the journal article from part A.
- Describe one strength and one limitation of the study.
- Describe how the evidence from the article in part A informs current nursing practices.
B. Evaluate a primary, qualitative research, peer-reviewed journal article (suggested length of 3–5 pages) that has healthcare implications by doing the following:
n which ways does the life of nuclear weaponry growth peace and stability in the international device? This essay argues each for and against the nuclear peace speculation, in any other case called the nuclear deterrence concept. it will draw on quantitative dyadic-based proof from Robert Rauchhaus’s’ have a look at posted in the journal of conflict decision in 2009, which reveals support for the existence of the steadiness-instability paradox. This in term explains that even as nuclear guns do in truth provide a nuclear peace in some examples, which promotes strategic stability and forestalls main wars, it also lets in for more frequent, lower depth conflicts. blanketed might be the arguments and factor of views from both deterrence optimists, pessimists and on-the-fence scholars, in addition to providing precise examples and case research, predominantly the cold war. 2. Nuclear Peace hypothesis The Nuclear Peace theory is an worldwide family members theory that argues that the presence of nuclear weapons induces stability and reduces the danger of major conflict under a few instances. the shortage of a 3rd battle following the second become said to have been induced by nuclear balance at some stage in the bloodless battle. This become said to have been as a result of the mutual possession of 2d strike retaliation with the aid of the 2 powers of that struggle, the usa (US) and the Soviet Union (america), which removed the opportunity of victory for both aspect due to at the same time confident Destruction, or the MAD doctrine (Lieber & Press, 2016). second strike ability is considered critical to nuclear deterrence, as otherwise the opposition should try and win the battle via hanging first. Mutual 2d-strike competencies commonly motive a collectively assured destruction defense approach but is feasible that one country has a lower minimal deterrence strategy. decrease minimal deterrence is when a kingdom possesses simplest what's vital which will reciprocate 2nd strike (long & inexperienced, 2014) . This doctrine turned into pursued by means of China and India when the us and the u.s. had been growing effective first and 2nd-strike abilities during the cold war (Jones, 2001). The Nuclear Peace hypothesis is criticized through scholars as proliferation of states increases the risk of low-intensity interstate conflict, however additionally the threat of nuclear fabric being procured with the aid of violent businesses consisting of terrorist group Al Qaeda, who are exempt from the chance of nuclear retaliation as they're stateless (Sagan S. , 1994). 2.1. Proliferation optimists and pessimists Why have there been no foremost wars between exceptional powers within the last 6 a long time? The 3 leading theories in IR have offered their very own answers and perspectives on this question. Neoliberalism is most mentioned- Advancing Kant’s perpetual peace idea (1795), neo liberals have surmised the inspiration of this peace to be constructed upon democracy (Moaz & Russet, 1993), exchange (Keohane & Nye, 1977) and international firms (Keohane, 2015) (Rauchhaus, evaluating the Nuclear Peace hypothesis, 2009). Constructivist point of view is relatively in keeping with that of the (neo) liberalist’s, but it credits the long Peace to the social constructs within a kingdom and society, inclusive of normative behaviour and movements. Neorealism, the third leading concept, has a totally one of a kind technique and attributes the peace to nuclear deterrence and bipolarity (Seepersad, 2011) (Waltz, 1990). despite the fact that nuclear deterrence is one of the most important aspects of realist consideration for long Peace, no longer lots studies has been completed into proving why exactly it does. most of the research done were centered on nuclear guns and crises, or nuclear guns and conflict escalation (Rauchhaus, 2009). there's no debate approximately whether nuclear weapons decrease the risk of war, as when both states posses’ nuclear guns they do lower the chance of fundamental conflict. however, what has no longer been widely discussed is that they do no longer lower the risk of civil, periphery and small wars, which nonetheless reasons the expenditure of wealth, assets and lives.>GET ANSWER