Extreme Measures (film, 1996), pp. 263-265
In this medical drama, homeless people are being used as experimental subjects against their will to provide a cure for spinal cord paralysis. What would Bentham recommend? How does the film approach the issue? Write 150-300 words about the moral issue, referring to the hedonistic calculus.
MOVIE: RETURN TO PARADISE
watch the movie Return to Paradise, and write 150-300 words about selfishness/unselfishness in the movie. If you were faced with the dilemma of the movie, what do you think you would choose to do?
MOVIE and GRAPHIC NOVEL: WATCHMEN
watch the movie, and write 150-300 words about the moral philosophies displayed by selected characters. Can you find someone expressing moral nihilism? Is there an ethical egoist in the story? Is there an altruist? How about a utilitarian? And is there a Kantian in the cast of characters? And so forth.
Dynamic This examination investigations Spanish modernismo in Spanish-American verse. The paper examines top to bottom the effect of Ruben Dario and Leopoldo Lugones, the most compelling modernista artists of the twentieth century, on the improvement and spread of modernismo in Spain. The gotten outcomes exhibit that Spanish modernismo was new for Latin America and contrasted much from European Modernism. Because of the spread of patriotism, modernista artists experienced dismissal and feedback from the individuals from Spanish society that viewed their abstract fills in as the impersonation of European verse. Be that as it may, Lugones and Dario contradicted the current limitations and actualized new types of wonderful articulation. In such manner, a few discoveries of this exploration are reliable with the past examinations, while different outcomes give new substantial information to the issue of Spanish modernismo in the twentieth century. 1 Statement of the issue Spanish modernismo is considered by a few specialists and pundits to speak to a genuine insurgency in Spanish-American writing of the twentieth century. The truth of the matter is that before the finish of the nineteenth century the verse of Latin America started to perish, along these lines advancements must be actualized to restore it. Modernismo was new for Latin America, and the artists who incredibly influenced the development of this development were Leopoldo Lugones and Ruben Dario, as they were the main people who executed European lovely customs into their compositions, changing the etymological premise of verse. Be that as it may, this perspective is in some cases tested by artistic researchers who make endeavors to dispose of the effect of modernismo on Spanish-American verse. Gwen Kirkpatrick proposes that such a one-sided vision is clarified by the way that "numerous exchanges of modernismo are characteristically depicting a 'rubenismo', the old duplicates of Ruben Dario's style, while overlooking the development's daringness and its general showcase of topic and styles"1. The directed inquires about exasperate the issue by illustration a parallel between Spanish modernismo and European innovation. Therefore, they give vague and invalid discoveries with respect to modernismo in Spanish-American verse, rather than clearing up different parts of the twentieth-century Hispanic writing. 2 Introduction Spanish modernismo as a urgent abstract pattern of twentieth century Hispanic verse was started by Leopoldo Lugones and Ruben Dario and accomplished its top in the long periods of 1888-1915. It had the real effect on Spanish verse, yet in addition influenced other artistic sorts, for example, short stories and books. Modernismo showed up as a fruitful mix of the Symbolist and the French Parnassian scholarly developments and was particularly across the board in Argentina, Mexico and Cuba2. Modernismo in Spain reflects different social and financial changes of the late nineteenth – mid twentieth hundreds of years. It is predominantly described by the substitution of the previous basic and topical segments for new components that incorporate examinations with meter and rhyme and the use of such subjects as scene and sensuality. Subsequently, modernismo has three main highlights: 1) oddity in rhyme and meter; 2) new energy about verse's job and 3) increment in subject topics. Social changes impacted the artists' comprehension of their jobs and influenced them to hold fast to the scholarly customs of such European artists and journalists as Edgar Allan Poe, Baudelaire and Whitman. Latin America contrasted from other European nations due to the way that it made steady endeavors to keep up the standards of national character. Subsequently, Spanish writing used to cling to ordinary qualities, and any withdrawal from these specific conventions was viewed as a genuine peril to the issues of nationality. Innovator artists, for example, Dario and Lugones were normally considered as idealists and Spanish-American verse – as the impersonation of outside methods for articulation. In perspective of these intricate social and social limitations, the ascent of modernismo in Spain meant the disposal of the more established generalizations and the foundation of new models for verse. The start of the twentieth century was additionally described by the spread of sciences and ventures that contributed a lot to the arrangement of a rationalistic vision on life and universe. In any case, because of the current limitations, modernista artists of that period could just join European qualities with conventional goals in their scholarly works. In such manner, modernismo in Spain crashed into a greater number of complexities than Modernism in different nations. These complexities brought about the way that Spanish verse of the prior twentieth century uncovered much uncertainty and irregularity. Different endeavors of Spanish writers to use modernista components in their works were viewed as the impersonation of European abstract sources, and modernismo in entire – as the pattern of reliance. Be that as it may, late feedback on Hispanic verse of the twentieth century tested this perspective, giving legitimate information to demonstrate the uniqueness and significance of Spanish modernismo. The subjects and developments of modernismo offered ascend to numerous tasteful and social inclinations of Spanish-American verse of the twentieth century. The point of the examination is two-overlay: 1) to break down how modernismo spoke to an upset in Spanish-American verse in the twentieth century; 2) to assess the significance of Ruben Dario and Leopoldo Lugones in the development of modernismo. The paper is isolated into areas. Part 1 gives an announcement of the issue that reveals the foremost proposition of the paper. Section 2 leads a general review of modernismo through social and recorded settings. Part 3 watches the basic works that are composed on the issue of Spanish modernismo. Part 4 talks about the hypothetical instruments that are connected for the examination. Part 5 assesses in detail the effect of Ruben Dario and Leopoldo Lugones on modernismo and the manner in which they changed Spanish-American verse. Section 6 gives a synopsis of the gotten outcomes, while Chapter 7 exhibits the confinements of the examination and gives the recommendations for further investigation of Spanish modernismo. 3 Review of the writing Different basic works are composed on the issue of modernismo in Spain, giving rather conflicting discoveries. Cathy Jrade thinks about that modernista writers viewed the world as "an arrangement of correspondences"3. Subsequently, they were looking for the approaches to reveal the hidden truth about Latin America and the universe in entirety. Some basic takes a shot at Spanish modernismo are gone for examining modernista verse through social settings, including Noé Jitrik's Contradicciones del modernismo, Françoise Perus' Literatura y sociedad en América Latina and Angel Rama's Rubén Darío y el modernismo4. As indicated by Ricardo Gullon, "What is called modernismo isn't thing of school nor of shape, however of state of mind… That is the modernismo: an incredible development of energy and opportunity towards the beauty"5. Talking about Spanish modernismo and the artists who added to the development of this development, Gwen Kirpatrick focuses at Leopoldo Lugones as "a genuine forerunner of what may be known as the discordant pattern in Spanish American poetry"6. The specialist thinks about that Lugones extraordinarily impacted different artists of the consequent ages by dismissing the customary wonderful standards and actualizing new modernista components. Lugones' heritage is particularly evident in progress of César Vallejo, Alfonsina Storni and Ramón López Velarde. Octavio Paz focuses at the way that Lugones' and Dario's verse is the start "all things considered and trials of present day verse in the Spanish language"7. Nonetheless, Paz additionally separates among Lugones and Dario; in spite of the fact that he views Dario as the initiator of modernismo, it is "Leopoldo Lugones who truly starts the second modernista revolution"8. Then again, a few analysts reprimand Lugones' verse and his effect on Spanish-American writing. For example, Roberto F. Giusti claims, "What is Lugones' scholarly identity? It is a troublesome inquiry to reply because of the straightforward reality that he needs one"9. Amado Nervo repudiates this perspective by pointing at incredible part of Lugones' verse, particularly Las montañas del oro. Despite the fact that Nervo recognizes the effect of remote reasoning on crafted by Lugones, he by the by distinguishes numerous individualistic highlights of this modernista artist. As Nervo puts it, "Lugones' identity is amazing, the most ground-breaking in our America… The outside impacts, the assortment of memories, the unimportant and cozy proposals of sages, writers, enemies of specialists conflict in his spirit with his own and differing ideas"10. In any case, Ezequiel Martínez Estrada recommends that Lugones' verse needs genuine earnestness, he thinks about that "We see him [Lugones] change and repudiate himself, however we never observe him communicate with outright sincerity"11. The diverse view of Lugones' verse can be clarified by the progressions inside Spanish society that formed individuals' comprehension of verse all through the twentieth century. As indicated by Manuel Pedro Gonzalez, those writers who specifically succeeded Leopoldo Lugones significantly appreciated the artist's inordinate dialect and ground-breaking verse12, yet later ages of Spanish artists neglected to legitimately see Lugones' advancements, in spite of the fact that they additionally obtained a few components of his verse. In perspective of such opposing feedback on the issue of Spanish modernismo, the accompanying investigation makes an endeavor to fathom this debate and exhibit an impressive effect of Ruben Dario and Leopoldo Lugones on Spanish-American verse of the twentieth century. 4 Research technique The exploration uses two hypothetical research techniques – a subjective strategy and a talk systematic methodology. These met>GET ANSWER