Assessment tools have two primary purposes: 1) to measure illness and diagnose clients, and 2) to measure a client’s response to treatment. Often, you will find that multiple assessment tools are designed to measure the same condition or response. For this assignment, the assessment too is: (Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale).
• An explanation of five important components of the psychiatric interview and why you consider these elements important.
• Explain in detail the psychometric properties of the rating scale (Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale).
• Explain when it is appropriate to use this rating scale with clients during the psychiatric interview
• Elaborate on how the scale is helpful to a nurse practitioner’s psychiatric assessment. Support your approach with six evidence-based pieces of literature.
to each patient’s cancer, including combining chemotherapy and hyperthermia (UCSF). Cost of treatment is something that is very important to cancer treatment, as if something is too expensive, it limits the availability of treatment. Based on research on line, there are no current prices for the cost of hyperthermia treatment, but we can infer from other countries and the past on what the cost might be like now. Back in 1994 a “hyperthermia project” was done at the University of Turin in Italy. When the cost of treatment is converted to USD, the cost per treatment was around $2,676 but that was back in 1994(Gabriele 1994). When accounting for inflation, the cost per treatment would now be $68,038.52. Prognosis When hyperthermia therapy is used in conjunction with radiation therapy, in the treatment of solid surface and subsurface malignant tumors that are not responding well to normal treatment, the response rate is around 70% compared to a response of just 35% for radiation alone (Excellus BCBS). Tumor Treating Field Therapy Another therapy that is not well known is tumor treating field (TTF) therapy. Tumor treating field therapy is the use of electrical fields to disrupt rapidly dividing cancerous cells (Hopkins Medicine). The electric field acts on charged proteins, such as tubulin and septin, in the cells that are important for mitosis, cell division (Novocure). It specifically stops the cell from forming chains that separate genetic material in the cell’s nucleus and the correct positioning of these charged proteins before cell division (Hopkins Medicine). When cells cannot divide normally, they go through a process called apoptosis, cell death. History The conception of tumor treating field therapy started with an Israeli man named Dr. Yoram Palti. He wanted to explore how electric fields can treat tumors and explored this idea in his basement in 2000 and soon opened up a research center in Haifa, Israel in 2002. After coming up with the idea and forming his company, Novocure, the first pilot trial was performed in Prague, Czech Republic in 2004. After initial promise, trials were then started across the United States, European Union, and Israel in 2006 to test TTF versus chemotherapy in the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma. Another trial started in 2009 and moved to focus on and treat newly diagnosed glioblastomas. This new trial treated patients who had already received surgery and radiation with TTF and also included using temozolomide, a chemotherapy drug u>GET ANSWER