Foundations of testing

  1. Most of the commonly used intelligence tests have high correlation (e.g., 0.8 to 0.9) with each other when used in large samples. Why do you think scores are so similar on many major tests, and what are some reasons to prefer one test over another for a specific testing situation? – Chapter 5
  2. How might nonintellectual factors such as poverty or home language influence the evaluation of a student as having a learning disability? – Chapter 5
  3. While there are many criticisms of group testing, there are also advantages to this method of gathering information. Convenience and economy are two obvious benefits, but are there also ways in which group testing might be more beneficial or fair to the examinees than individual testing? – Chapter 6
  4. Several different test batteries are available that measure multiple aptitudes within a single administration. Which of these do you think would be least affected by cultural factors such as home language or parental education? – Chapter 6
  5. Consider the issues of test bias and test fairness with regard to any well-known group test, and suggest some ways that bias could be minimized and fairness maximized in the use of this test. – Chapter 6

Sample Solution