Based on your reading of Gao Yuan, describe and analyze the evolution of gender roles and gender relations
in the Cultural Revolution. How do women fare among the Red Guards?
You may only use Gao Yuan’s memoir (Note: It’s a memoir, not a
novel—a novel is fiction),
Evidence is key in historical writing. Your interpretations, and ultimately your thesis, must rest on actual reading
of the text(s). This does not mean that you should summarize or repeat the text; it does mean that you should
have a reason, based in your reading of the text, for everything you say. You can convey the connection
through brief quotations, or a paraphrase with a reference to the source.
Your paper must be typed in 10-12 point characters, double-spaced, and with 1 to 1.5 ” margins. It should have
an introduction and a conclusion, and whenever you switch to a new idea or point, you must provide a
transition sentence followed by a new paragraph. Spelling and grammar are important and will count in the
grade, so READ your paper before handing it in. DO NOT USE CONTRACTIONS (this way, you will avoid
such mistakes as writing “it’s” when you meant “its”). Spellchecking is NOT enough. A spellchecker will not
pick-up differences between “their” and “there” or “two” and “too”, etc.
You should cite the text when making a point, but keep the citation length at a minimum and give the page
number in parenthesis, NOT in a footnote. You do NOT need a bibliography.
1-Introduction Stalking scenes can last half a month, to a couple of years, with even short times of stalking bringing about enthusiastic misery and physical damage (Mullen et al, 2009). Moreover, around 20-40% of stalking exploited people are found to encounter side effects of mental issue because of being stalked (Pathé and Mullen, 1997). Stalking can likewise affect different parts of an unfortunate casualty's life, with exploited people frequently wanting to cut themselves off from society by moving ceaselessly, evolving occupations, and being hesitant to leave their homes. Likewise with any wrongdoing, an unfortunate casualty can go to the police for help and data, yet a few exploited people feel that cops have not appeared to viably mediate and ensure them. As impacts can be so unfavorable, it is significant for police reactions to be proficient and paid attention to as they would with some other wrongdoing. Casualties of stalking have explicitly communicated that they feel 'let somewhere near' cops and examiners crosswise over England and Wales with respect to the help given to unfortunate casualties, and the moves made to handle the wrongdoing (Bulman, 2017). One stalking unfortunate casualty with respect to the police reaction to her claim, communicated "its arrived at the point where I really said to my mum one night, 'guess what? I will be a story in the paper. I will be another of those young ladies that gets killed by her ex'" (The Independent, 2017). It is imagined that cops frequently hold negative perspectives towards stalking cases, with unfortunate casualties feeling that they are not getting the assistance that they believe they should, regularly bringing about genuine outcomes. This examination looks to analyze cop demeanors towards such claims, contending that the general mentality to stalking is of lack of interest to different violations. 1.1 Research Aims The fundamental focal point of this examination is to dissect how cops in the United Kingdom feel about exploring stalking reports, by taking a gander at what these officials are well on the way to do when stalking cases are displayed to them. In particular, the goes for this bit of research is to: 1) Examine cop demeanors and encounters towards stalking cases. 2) Examine how cops dissect and research reports of stalking, and consider the ramifications of the methodologies that they utilize. 3) Question the extent of officials paying attention to reports of stalking With the procedure and technique of the examination, these points can be met using a viable survey, and the appropriate responses gave from the respondents. Cautious thought has been taken with respect to the specific research question and philosophy, so as to increase a more noteworthy knowledge into the viewpoints of cops, in the most effective way imaginable. 1.2 Stalking Terminology Stalking is firmly connected with the term provocation, with the Crown Prosecution Service (PHA Section 2, 1997), tending to the two terms as rehashed and undesirable conduct making caution or pain the person in question. Notwithstanding these terms connecting together, instances of stalking and provocation are regularly included under the abusive behavior at home definition, bringing about aggressive behavior at home lawful arrangements being significant. Stalking is a wrongdoing of intensity and control, with the aim of threatening the person in question, anyway it very well may be isolated into two classes. Physical stalking is the primary structure, which incorporates the demonstration of normal undesirable contact, dillydallying close to the person in question, sending undesirable blessings, the harming of unfortunate casualties property, or compromising the person in question (NoBullying.com, 2015). The other type of stalking is digital stalking, which alludes to online badgering, anyway this exploration explicitly alludes to the physical stalking data set out by the Protection from Harassment Act (1997), because of the more extensive comprehension of its tendency. The CPS explicitly states online that the offense isn't review, and is accessible to go about as a further alternative for investigators to think about when choosing charges. The Protection from Harassment act (Section 2A-3, 1997) expresses a portion of the particular practices related with stalking instead of an exacting legitimate definition, as: (a) Following an individual (b) Contacting, or endeavoring to contact, an individual using any and all means (c) Loitering in wherever (d) Interfering with any property in the ownership of an individual (e) Watching or keeping an eye on an individual. 2-Literature Review The key thoughts of the scholarly writing are checked on and tended to inside this part, isolated into subheadings, so as to unmistakably distinguish every one of the thoughts. This writing audit will address past research encompassing stalking and how cases have been taken care of by the Criminal Justice framework, as exceptionally recorded inside the media, so as to legitimize the requirement for this examination. Existing writing explicitly in regards to police reactions to stalking is fairly restricted, with the conduct regularly raising over some undefined time frame, so it is important to comprehend police recognitions on different kinds of wrongdoing so as to see how genuine officials take matters of stalking. The Crown Prosecution Service figures uncovered that during 2013/14, just 743 stalking cases were arraigned, in contrast with 9,792 provocation cases being indicted, expressing how just 1% of all revealed stalking cases brought about a charge and arraignment, in contrast with the 16% of badgering cases (Paladin, National Stalking Advocacy Service, 2015). These figures of reactions to aggressive behavior at home were even seen as not exactly sufficient (Hattendorf and Tollerud, 1997, page 15). The criminal equity framework conveys a duty to all people, regardless of what the degree of earnestness the detailed wrongdoing might be, anyway figures have proposed that lone a small extent of all stalking cases are being recorded by police, with the British Crime Survey (2015) revealing just 7,706 of stalking cases were recorded by police all through England and Wales, albeit 1.1 million individuals had encountered stalking over a time of a year. From this, the Suzy Lamplugh trust (2016) expressed that just about portion of stalking unfortunate casualties go to the police, as the individuals who are revealing such wrongdoings are being made to feel "like a disturbance and not an injured individual" (Stalking injured individual to the Guardian, 2016). 2.1 HMCPSI and HMIC Inspection The main investigation to take a gander at the police and Crown Prosecution Service reactions to provocation and stalking was done by Her Majesty's Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate and Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary. The investigation was led in 2016/17 and intended to deliver the reactions to badgering and stalking violations. The report professed to discover proof that their administrations comprehended the dangers of such violations, and discovered instances of positive practice where unfortunate casualty's needs were organized (HMIC, 2017), notwithstanding discovering individual officials and investigators who made positive move to ensure exploited people and research and arraign the culprits. In any case, positive activity was just shown after the unfortunate casualty made various reports. What's more, the examination procedure was seen as great, anyway it was reliably trailed by poor unfortunate casualty care during the criminal equity process, and effective arraignments were trailed by inability to apply for controlling requests. The quantity of indictments for stalking additionally continued as before between 2014/15 and 2015/16, despite the fact that there was an expansion in stalking violations being recorded inside a similar period (HMCPSI and HMIC report, 2017, page 13). The examination report additionally investigated the utilization of DASH shapes, a model which was actualized over all police benefits in the United Kingdom in 2009, which gives an agenda of inquiries to pose to casualties of household misuse, stalking, and respect based savagery (Dash hazard model, 2009). The report saw the DASH structure as a well-set up strategy for surveying dangers to exploited people, and is in like manner use in most of police powers. The structure gives a hazard evaluation to casualties of wrongdoing, enabling data to be assembled in a reliable strategy, with a far reaching perspective on dangers looked by the person in question (HMIC report, 2017, page 41). Anyway the utilization of the structure doesn't clarify the full degree of the wrongdoing, and gives no opportunity inside the appropriate responses. The inquiries inside the structure are not constantly significant to certain stalking exploited people, and can regularly be expelled with officials feeling that the inquiries are not proper with the specific case close by. It is additionally fundamental for officials to comprehend the genuine meaning of stalking, and for them to accurately distinguish a stalking unfortunate casualty. In the event that an official is without such information, they can't adequately utilize the DASH model, making it an uncouth and conflicting danger evaluation apparatus. The review was directed inside powers by the utilization of meetings with respondents comprising of senior and operational lead officials, and center gatherings comprising of forefront officials and accomplice organizations. The ranking staff who were answerable for badgering and stalking arraignments were likewise met, alongside center gatherings with examiners (HMIC report, 2017, page 108). With such high-positioning people being met by entrenched groups, respondents may wind up exploitative in their answers, so as to demonstrate that they are carrying out their responsibilities to the right measures. Contrary to the review, this specific research on police reactions to stalking can give a genuine bit of research, as cops are reacting to the polls with complete secrecy, consequently giving progressively legitimate answers. As the analyst in this thesis holds no partiality towards the police administration, complete biasness is stayed away from in this examination, enabling progressively solid information to be gathered and broke down. 2.2 Criminal Justice Responses All together for police reactions to be viable, cops ought to under>GET ANSWER