4 essay questions with each question 2 pages for 8 pages total
Essay 1 : Assess risk management processes for supporting resource relocation.
The basic equation for risk is defined as R = ƒ(CVT) where R is the level of risk, C is the consequences (public health, our economy, government action, public confidence in our institutions) of an attack, V is an assessment of the vulnerability of a potential target (how hard or easy it would be for it to be hit by terrorists) and T is the threat or the likelihood that a specific target will suffer an attack or disaster from a specific weapon. The Department of Homeland Security has stated that it will apply risk management principles to homeland security operations and has stated that “Ultimately, homeland security is about effectively managing risks to the Nation’s security” (DHS, 2010, p. 2). Drawing upon your class readings and additional research examine how risk management is used by the homeland security enterprise and how that use benefits such aspects as resource allocation, strategic planning, grant award, or any of the multitudes of other homeland security issues or operations.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security. (2010). Quadrennial homeland security review report: A strategic framework for a secure homeland. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/qhsr_report.pdf
Essay 2: Analyze the organizational roles, responsibilities, and strategies of homeland security and homeland defense. craft two columns; one labeled Homeland Security and the other Homeland Defense. Under the headers of each column list those missions, tasks, duties, responsibilities, operations, etc. which are identified from the national policies, strategies and readings. Some tasks may be listed under both columns. Where this occurs, be sure to identify if there is any element of that item that is specific to either homeland security or homeland defense. Lastly, drawing upon the list you developed, provide a definition of homeland security.
Essay 3: Describe protection of key assets and critical infrastructure.
Critical infrastructure is defined in the National Infrastructure Protection Plan as “Systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital that the incapacity or destruction of such may have a debilitating impact on the security, economy, public health or safety, environment, or any combination of these matters, across any Federal, State, regional, territorial, or local jurisdiction” (DHS, 2009, p. 109). From this definition, one can reasonably presume that protection of these assets is vital to the well-being of the United States and as such is an essential element of homeland security. Drawing upon the readings provide your assessment of the capability of the nation’s infrastructure protection program to ensure the survivability of its critical infrastructure.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security. (2009). National Infrastructure Protection Plan. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/NIPP_Plan.pdf
Essay 4: Evaluate intelligence support to homeland security policy makers and practitioners. Provide an examination of the various elements that comprise the intelligence community from local law enforcement to national agencies and how each of those entities contributes to the development of homeland security intelligence. In crafting your response, it would be good to remember the lessons learned from the 9/11 Commission on intelligence sharing and analyze how those lessons/recommendations are being addressed. Lastly, your examination of the question should include the issue of domestic versus foreign intelligence.
The Indian economy has demonstrated a momentous development after the appropriation of advancement strategy. The opening up of the Indian economy in the mid 1990s prompted increment in modern yield and at the same time brought the swelling Rate up in India. There was a monstrous weight on the swelling rate because of the awesome development pace of work and mechanical yield. The fundamental worry of the Reserve Bank of India (the national bank) and the Ministry of Finance, Government of India was the pervasive and irregular ascent of the swelling rate. Expanding expansion rate could be inconvenient to the anticipated development of Indian economy. In this manner, the Reserve Bank of India was placing checks and measures in different approaches in order to put a stop to the rising swelling. The Indian business network and the overall population were guaranteed by the national bank that the inflationary ascent was innocuous yet at the same time certain fears existed among them. The valuing divergence of farming items between the maker and end-shopper was adding to the expanding Inflation Rate. Aside from this the lofty ascent of costs of sustenance items, fabricating items, and necessities had additionally launch the Inflation Rate. Because of this, the Wholesale Prices Index (WPI) of India arrived at 6.1% and the Cash Reserve Ratio contacted 5.5% on sixth January, 2007. The Reserve Bank of India gave top need to value steadiness in its as of late drafted money related arrangement in order to capture the frenzy and uneasiness among the Indian business circles. It likewise plans to support the terrific pace of monetary development of India. The Reserve Bank of India raised the Cash Reserve Ratio and utilized it as a device to capture the expanding Inflation Rate. Supporting the valuing uniqueness between the maker and the buyer is the main answer for this issue. Just this will guarantee swelling adjustment and in this manner practical monetary development of India. From the earliest starting point of FY2008 the Indian economy confronted an ascent in the costs of vegetables, beats and other essential nourishment stuffs. This was went with sharp ascent in the costs when the yearly approach explanation for 2008-09 was disclosed on April 29. Swelling expanded consistently during the year, arriving at 8.75% before the part of the bargain in June when this figure bounced to 11% at that point there was a disturbing increment in the costs. There were numerous purposes behind it however one of the fundamental main impetuses was decrease in government fuel sponsorships, which lifted gas costs by a normal 10%. To be sure, by July 2008, the key Indian Inflation Rate for example the Wholesale Price Index contacted the sign of 12.6%, most noteworthy rate in recent long stretches of the Indian history. This was right around multiple times the RBI's objective of 4.1% and nearly served when contrasted with a year ago. This ceaseless ascent slipped back to 12.4% by mid-August. Since the start of 2008 mix of different interior and outside components prompted soak residential swelling and the resultant advances taken to control it in were easing back the pace of development. These variables incorporated the stamped ascend in the worldwide costs of oil, nourishment, and metals, directing the pace of capital inflows, compounding present and monetary record deficiencies, expanding cost of assets, minor deterioration of the Indian rupee against the dollar, and moderate development in mechanical economies. The Indian economy was at a basic point where arrangements to contain swelling and guarantee macroeconomic adjustment have become the dominant focal point. In the primary quarter of FY2008 (for example April - June), development pace of GDP backed off to 7.9% from 9.2% in the comparing earlier year quarter, for the slowest extension in three and a half years. The most momentous decrease was in industry where development rate tumbled to 6.9% this was primarily a direct result of cutting in the assembling development rate to 5.6%. The stoppage was enlarged when agribusiness and administrations segment demonstrated an immaterial development of 1.4% and 0.9% focuses, beneath their exhibitions of the year-sooner quarter.Over the medium term, the fundamental goal of the legislature was to cut down swelling to 3%. The Repo and Reverse Repo Rates stayed unaltered though Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) was expanded by 0.25 rate focuses. A review of assembling organizations was led by the Reserve Bank of India in June 2008 which demonstrated a control in business idealism. This was confirmed by the composite business good faith list for July - September 2008 that was set up by Dun and Bradstreet, which demonstrates a decrease of 11.2% when contrasted with the past quarter. In July, the BBB-rating on outside cash obligation was affirmed yet downsized the viewfor India's long - term neighborhood money obligation from stable to negative, with a recognizable crumbling in the financial position.Growth of the expansive cash supply (M3) must be directed in the scope of 16.5 to 17 percent. While stores were planned to ascend by 17% and non-sustenance credit payment by banks will develop at a moderate pace of 20% when contrasted with 22.5% in 2007-08. Credit dispensed by banks a year ago was less when contrasted with the past period. Bank credit had developed by a burning 30% consistently for continuously three years starting in 2004-05. The joined spending shortages of the focal and state governments have been considerably decreased in the course of recent years. This reflected earnest endeavors by the legislature to hold fast to financial duty enactment. For FY2008, the focal Government's shortfall is planned at 2.5% of GDP and the states' at 2.1% (4.6% of GDP on a combined premise). The main considerations that fortify the calculable financial combination from the base were a more extensive duty base bolstered by a light economy and improved consistence. Two primary circumstances that must be defeated before accomplishing the deficiency focuses for the FY2008 are: an easing back economy that may constrain the income lightness found as of late and ceaseless weight by the Central Government to raise the pay rates of its representatives by 21% (about 0.3% of GDP) because of proposals of the Sixth Central Pay Commission. Comparative compensation increments were reported quickly by about six states and others were following the suit. Then again arrangement for these pay increments was not planned. Impacts Inflationary weights in any economy prompts deterioration of its local cash. This is the thing that our Indian economy was looking because of the running swelling and subsequently Indian rupee deteriorated by about 20% since April 2008. Expansion influences 1.Common man: Inflation impacts a typical man in various jobs, for example, a customer: Products, for example, unrefined petroleum, composts, pharmaceutical items, minerals and metals, or utilize imported parts, for example, Personal Computers and PCs are legitimately imported. Because of devaluation of the Indian Rupee every one of these products turned out to be over the top expensive. Segments in PCs, for example, processor, hard circle drive and motherboard are additionally imported. Items, for example, mouse, console and screen additionally saw an effect on their costs because of Rupee deterioration. Swelling may ascend in an economy when the information costs increment. As a speculator: Devaluation of rupee makes imports of different segments, capital products and crude materials progressively costly. As sources of info and other gear that are imported get costlier and lessening the overall revenues. Organizations that import products in mass and those with overwhelming remote cash borrowings might be discounted in the financial exchange as the rupee devalues. As a Wage-worker: During swelling this class of basic man endured a great deal on account of two reasons- Increment in wages and pay rates neglected to keep pace with the rising costs. Wages expanded during expansion however there is constantly a period slack between the ascent in cost and increment in wages. Thus basic man looses during the interceding time frame. Fare organizations: Because of deterioration of residential money exporters get better costs for their merchandise and ventures when sold in outside business sectors. Outside Investors: Deterioration of Indian Rupee diminished the profits that remote financial specialists used to gain by putting resources into Indian organizations. Devaluation of a cash activated FII surges. NRI financial specialists, who recently put their cash in India under different store conspires because of high loan costs, began finding those plans less alluring by virtue of rupee deterioration. Nation's Balance of Payments: One of the disadvantages of devaluation of Rupee is that fares turned out to be modest as far as outside cash and imports become costlier. Current record shortage enlarged in light of the fact that Indian imports fundamentally comprises basics, for example, unrefined petroleum, characteristic assets and numerous capital products. Devaluation of Indian Rupee made the fares progressively focused all inclusive and thus higher fares concealed the exchange deficiency. Ranchers: The costs of the essential items, for example, minerals, diesel oil and fuel, control light and greases went up altogether. This divergence influenced the agrarian area in two different ways- It restrictively affected interests in cultivating and influenced the creation productivity. On one hand the horticultural ware costs were falling or stale and then again expanding costs of agribusiness inputs and other day by day life wares prompted weakening in the expectation for everyday comforts of the ranchers. Costs paid by the customer have affected by the typical cost for basic items of the whole worth chain, which develops on the wasteful markets and this adds to the last cost of the material. For instance, high vitality cost itself has added to the expansion in the expense of sources of info required for agribusiness other than pushing up the advertising expenses of ranch items. IT organizations: The IT division is among the most elevated enrollment specialists in the Indian economy and a devaluing rupee spells uplifting news for the area. Bills for Information Technology organizations are fundamentally arranged in dollars or in other outside>GET ANSWER