• Does your wealth predict your health? You will attempt to address this question with a systematic literature review on the determinants of health and socioeconomic inequalities in life expectancy.
• make a critical synthesis of the existing evidence and methods to measure socioeconomic inequalities in health.
• critically evaluate the numerous policies that have tried to address this issue and discuss the reasons for their failure or success.
Misleading and lip service remained a test to social profound quality since ages and each incredible essayist has thought about this socio-moral issue in his works and has delineated its different appearances at different levels. Dr. Faustus by Christopher Marlowe and The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde portray different appearances of duplicities and pietism i.e. self-misdirection by refusal of substances, craftiness to others, and self-thought through different topical articulations. Fundamental characters in both plays experience the ill effects of good fantasies at one level and their one of a kind qualities make it less demanding for them to take cover behind the veil of dishonesty and false reverence at another level. The most unobtrusive type of trickiness is self-duplicity and heroes of both plays experience the ill effects of intense self-double dealing by denying substances around or inside them. Faustus is by all accounts fixated on his own insight and this terrible defect laps over with his pride and leads him toward self-double dealing. Dr. Faustus' boundless enthusiasm for supreme information set a driving force toward affectation and self-double dealing that finishes with his deplorable destruction. As an ideal exemplification of "renaissance man", he wants after unreasonable power and considers learning as the main instrument accessible to him to get total power. His overambitious mission for learning compels him to make an arrangement with Satan. This arrangement alludes to a scholarly nearsighted fantasy, a type of intense self-double dealing, as he trusts that a naughty character, who himself does not have total learning, will capacitate him with supreme information. In Wilde's play, in spite of the way that both Jack and Algernon are "Bunburyists," however at specific focuses in the play, Wilde indicates refusal of this reality by these heroes with respect to the issue of homosexuality. They deny the reality and feel for heterosexuality. Algernon is totally satisfied to be a gay though Jack feels sickening about it. Algernon says in such manner; "Nothing will incite me to part with Bunbury, and in the event that you ever get hitched, which appears to me to a great degree risky, you will be exceptionally happy to know Bunbury. A man who weds without knowing Bunbury has an exceptionally dull time of it." (Wilde, 1990, p. 7) Jack oppositely says; "That is babble. On the off chance that I wed an enchanting young lady like Gwendolen, and she is the main young lady I found in my life that I would wed, I surely won't have any desire to know Bunbury". (Wilde, 1990, p.7) But his change isn't known totally in the play. So he basically remains a Banbury however denies this reality evidently. Moreover, Jack makes a fanciful figure to escape from social liabilities and good commitment. So Faustus in Dr. Faustus and Jack and Algernon in The Importance of Being Earnest can't perceive and acknowledge substances around and inside them in the correct point of view. Bad faith is another type of duplicity that these two plays join in the plot as a topical articulation and show through deceiving practices and fraudulencies of specific characters. Algernon, the significant character in "The Importance of Being Earnest" explains this wording of Bunburying as a modern trickiness practice that allow to hide one's unique identity and enjoy exercises which society does not permit. Wilde has flawlessly demonstrated the unobtrusive fraudulencies and duplicities of Ernest. Cecily Cardew expect about Ernest that "Ernest has a solid upright nature. He is the very soul of truth and respect. Unfaithfulness would be as difficult to him as double dealing". (Wilde, 1990, p. 36) So she discredits any flaw of treachery about him. Jack lies about his name being Earnest as well as when asked by Algernon around an engraving on his cigarette case from Cecily, he erroneously guarantees she is his auntie before at long last conceding that he is watchman to his received father's granddaughter. This leaves the peruser to think about whether anything about Jack's or Earnest's life is genuine by any means, maybe he has been lying for so long that he doesn't realize what the genuine truth is. That is the reason that Cecily says at last, "A gross misdirection has been honed on both of us."(Wilde, 1990, p. 39) Marlowe brings up the religious affectation by the tricky practices of chapel individuals. At the point when Faustus visits Pope for direction and guidance however discovers his men rambunctious and faker, he caricaturizes them for on their unimportant customs and two-faced practices. He says; "How! Ringer, book, and flame; light book and chime,/Forward and in reverse, to revile Faustus to hellfire" (Marlowe, 1990, p.44). In any case, Marlowe additionally uncovers that however Faustus chastises church men for their twofold gauges, he himself is enjoyed false reverence. His fundamental target to get more learning is not the same as what he spreads to others. He wouldn't like to be a frivolous conjurer and his plans are excellent and perilous. So he procures his insight by simple fraud. Mephistopheles and Lucifer likewise betray Faustus through their tricky practices. In Scene 5, Mephistopheles educates Faustus that subsequent to marking the settlement with Lucifer he will be "as extraordinary as Lucifer" (Marlowe, 1990, p. 19) and his each want will be satisfied. In any case, in the wake of marking the agreement with his own particular blood, none of these guarantees work out. So Faustus is caught to sign the agreement by false guarantees that are an appearance of lip service on part of Mephistopheles and Lucifer. Third level of duplicity that Marlowe and Wilde consider is self esteem and self-thought. Narcissm is viewed as a central duplicity that hampers one mentality to glance around and scan generally advantageous. Jack in Importance of Being Ernest', just has himself as a top priority when he claims to be Earnest, and goes to approach Cecily, "truth be told, now you say the subject, I have been terrible in my own little way." (Wilde, 1990, p. 24). The deplorability of Faustus exclusively emerges out of his narcissism and self-thought. It was his adoration for his own particular self that constrains him to secure outright learning keeping in mind the end goal to wind up interminable and the most capable man on earth. This self esteem is additionally increased by his pride and self-importance. Weakened by this self esteem, an awesome man as Faustus challenges the normal requests of things and this self esteem at last brings his disastrous destruction. Previously mentioned contentions and printed confirm from the plays plainly show that duplicity works through different means in these plays. These different structures and levels duplicity are represented successfully through characterisation and improvement of plot. Both Marlowe and Wilde have viably utilized different topical articulations of double dealings to draw out the ethical deceptions of characters and their shortcomings.>GET ANSWER