How does poverty affect children education ?
emigrating, meaning that most emigrants were of Scots-Irish heritage, or identifying as Protestant. However, some Irish Catholics could make the journey if they agreed to work as indentured servants without pay for up to five to seven years for free passage. Statistics relating to Irish immigration to America estimate that approximately half a million people had originated in Ireland. Of these, over two-thirds are said to have been Scots-Irish from the province of Ulster.  However, many of the Penal Laws, first introduced in the late 17th century, were later redacted in the 1790’s, making Irish emigration a possibility for thousands of Catholics. Seeking Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness, the Irish sought a new life in America to escape the harsh reality of British political oppression. The Hardships During the late 18th century, Ireland was ruled by the Church of Ireland, or Anglican landowners and aristocrats. Most of the population was not Anglican, and even if they could accumulate wealth and land, they were excluded from political power. Ulster was dominated by Presbyterians who had displaced earlier Catholic settlers of that region. Outside of Ulster and Dublin, the population was overwhelmingly Catholic. However, the complex religious division between class and geographic lines created by the British Government lead to the idea of dividing and ruling. This system of religious discrimination contained Penal Laws – a series of laws forcing Irish Roman Catholics and Protestant dissenters to accept the denomination defined by the British.  Get help with your essay today, from our professional essay writers! Qualified writers in the subject of history are ready and waiting to help you with your studies. Get help with your essay View professionally written samples The Irish witnessed severe disciplinary action if they participated in Catholic worship, including imprisonment, fines, and sometimes death. These laws barred Catholics from owning land, voting, holding public office, practicing religion, and education and were sporadically enforced throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. However, by 1832, the laws were completely nullified through the 1926 Roman Catholic Relief Act, the Relief Act of 1791, Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829, and the Roman Catholic Charities Act of 1832.  Between the 17th and 18th centuries, Ireland had been part of wars and battles heightened by religious division and discrimination. Both the Catholics and Protestants, on opposing sides, claimed religious motives which led to many sectarian massacres, causing the creation of sectarian politics which has dominated parts of Ireland ever since. The history of religious war>GET ANSWER